Phonics
Sound symbol analysis.
ex. A child utilizing phonics to decode the word “important” would separate EACH SOUND PART individually: i-m-p-o-r-t-a-n-t)
Structural Analysis
Breaking down into morphemes, comparing morphemes to known words
a child utilizing structural analysis to decode the word “important” would separate into MEANING PARTS: im-por-tant)
Context Clues
Looking around the word to find meaning.
High- Frequency Words
Sight words. Just know it.
Vowels (long and short)
Letters that are not consonants: a, e, i, o, u, and sometimes y
Consonants
A letter that is not a vowel. Y can be a consonant (yes) or a vowel (my, Danny)
Blends
Two or more letters in which you can hear both sounds blended. Ex- squall, scrub, burst
Digraphs
Letters with a single sound different from that of either of the letters
ex. sh, ch, wh, th, ph or coat, yield, tie, and soul
Consonant Digraph
Two consonant letters with a single sound different from that of either of the letters: sh, ch, wh, th, ph
NOTE: silent letters don’t count (write, knock do not begin with digraphs)
Vowel Digraph
Two vowel letters that make one sound. Ex. coat, yield, tie, and soul
Diphthongs
Two vowel letters that produce a “gliding” sound. Two adjacent vowel sounds occurring within the same syllable
Ex. pie, sky, ride, cow, now, loud, toy, boy, foil
Schwa
The vowel in an accented syllable, sounds kind of like “uh.”
Ex. alone, harmony, extra, celebrate, vacation
Onsets
All the beginning consonants up to the vowel: spend, know, string, band
Rimes
The first vowel and following consonants within a syllable
A.K.A. “phonograms” or “word families”
Phonograms
Rimes in printed words
Prefixes
Something before a root word that usually changes meaning
Ex. unhappy, uniform, endure
Suffixes
Bound morpheme added to the end of a base or root word
Affixes
A term that includes both prefixes and suffixes. Un and ible are affixes
Inflectional Endings
Add an “s” catS
Base Words
A word to which prefixes and/ or suffixes can be added
Root Words
Often of Greek or Latin origin, words without prefixes or suffixes
Bound roots
Are not words by themselves (ex. “tele” in “telegraph”)
Free roots
Are words by themselves (ex. “graph” in “telegraph”)
Morphemes
Meaning-bearing units in a word, usually roots, prefixes, and suffixes
1 morpheme: believe
2 morphemes: believer
3 morphemes: believers
4 morphemes: unbelievers
Phonemic Segmenting
/c/ /a/ /t/
Phonemic Blending
Cat (No breaks)
The Alphabetic Principle
Every letter has a sound attached to it.
Automaticity
Not stopping to think about the word
Three Components of Fluency
Rate, Accuracy, and Expression
Inferential Comprehension
Inferences based off of text. Not cut and dry facts from the text.
Literal Comprehension
Found in the text
Self-Monitoring
Watch yo self
Schema
Background knowledge building.
Metacognition
Thinking about thinking.
Phonological Awareness
A sentence can be broken down into words and words into syllables AUDITORY

UMBRELLA TERM

Early Phonological Awareness
Rhyming
Late Phonological Awareness
Breaking into Syllables
Phonemic Awareness
Awareness of the phonemes (smallest unit of sound)
Early Phonemic Awareness
Onset and Rime
Late Phonemic Awareness
Manipulating phonemes to make new words
MTEL WORD RECOGNITION OPEN RESPONSE FORMULA
Identify the weakness. Define the weakness. 2-3 examples from the text sample. One thing they would benefit from.

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Use the categories of: Phoincs, Structural Analysis,Sight Words, and Context Clues.

MTEL COMPREHENSION OPEN RESPONSE FORMULA
Identify the weakness. Define the weakness. 2-3 examples from the text sample. One thing they would benefit from.

Use the categories of: Literal Comprehension
Inferential Comprehension
Schema
Self-Monitoring