From the source of the jedgarhooverfoundation.org what was read was that J. Edgar Hoover (John Edgar Hoover) was born on January 1, 1895 in Washington D.C.
and like his father and grandfather, never left the district of columbia, John was born to his mother Annie Marie Scheitlin Hoover, a strict woman of conviction and Father Dickerson Naylor Hoover, who was a federal official. John had three siblings: Dickerson, Jr. who was fifteen years older than him; Lillian was the middle child, twelve years older than John. Sadie Marguerite, his other sister, unfortunately died at the age of 3 from Diphtheria which is an infection of the nose and throat. Diphtheria once was a major cause of illness and death among children. The United States recorded 206,000 cases of diphtheria in 1921 and 15,520 deaths.
Before there was a treatment for diphtheria, up half of the people who got the disease died from it. Diphtheria. (2016, January 15). When Mr. Hoover attended Central High School he succeeded in all aspects, debating, and the military drill team, then was named class valedictorian. After graduating High School he then put his knowledge and determination to use by attending George Washington University. Once he got into George Washington University and passed the bar exam with success he then started his career at the U.S.
department of Justice and because had such a great performance he was named a special assistant to Attorney General Mitchell Palmer. Which is obviously a big deal being that Hoover was only 23 years old. And the following year, 24, He led the Department’s General Intelligence Division (GID). Once the GID was moved in the Bureau of Investigation in 1921, he was named assistant director of the BOI. Three years later on May 10, 1924, Attorney General Harlan Fiske Stone chosen Hoover, 29, acting director of the Bureau, and by the end of the year Mr. Hoover was named Director.
After 5 years of service Mr. Hoover went all the way the top. Once appointed as the Director, Mr. Hoover carried out a number of institutional changes to correct slanderous gossip made of his predecessor’s administration.
The most important change was, was that Mr. Hoover fired/let go a handful of agents who he considered to be appointed by the President, the Vice President, or a agency head and felt as though they were unqualified to be special agents since they were chosen. To make change he made sure his new agents went through an extensive process which included passing a physical training as well as having a clean background check, interviews, and he revived the earlier Bureau policies of requiring legal or accounting training. Once Hoover came in, he switched everything up. Once Hoover took over as Director, the Bureau took a turn and got a whole new definition. Grew in responsibility and americans finally looked at the Bureau as important, He was making this a big part of the national government and an icon in American popular culture.
(2016, May 03)In the 1930s, the with the help of Mr. Hoover the FBI started to take a turn and started to focus on the violent crimes that was committed by “gangsters”. Because during the 1930s the FBI felt as though there were too many violent gangsters walking around which had to be true because some violent gangsters caused terror on small towns in the Midwest and it was so bad that even the local police were afraid because the gangs’ had control of everything. Organized crimes were becoming bigger and bigger and starting to trickle into the larger cities. The gangs were literally above the police officers because they had faster getaway cars and stronger firearms. So of course Mr. Hoover would not stand for such actions. Mr.
Hoover kept stating that the FBI needed to look into this matter and after hounding he got permission. So after these groups were under federal interstate laws notorious gangsters such as John Dillinger and George “Machine Gun” Kelly were pursued and arrested or even murdered. The Bureau became a big part of the national government’s law-enforcement effort and was now a icon in American culture, earning the federal agents the nickname “G-men.” Nothing fancy though just means FBI agents. After the capture of the most notorious gangsters; President Franklin D. Roosevelt gave instruction to the FBI to do a foreign intelligence in the Western Hemisphere.
With the instructions the Bureau continued its investigations into bank robberies, kidnappings and car theft. Mr. Hoover started to strengthen his personal views on anti-communism and anti-submerive acts during the cold war which led him to increased the FBI’s surveillance activities all based on his own personal beliefs.
However there were limitations placed on the Justice Department’s investigative capabilities but that didn’t stop Mr. Hoover he later after created the Counter Intelligence Program, or better known as COINTELPRO a group that organized and carried out multiple “in the dark activities” meaning not openly acknowledged or displayed to the everyday americas, and oftentimes illegal, investigations designed to whole heartedly discredit or disrupt radical political organizations. In the beginning, Hoover ordered background checks on government employees to prevent foreign agents from using anything against the government. Then, COINTELPRO went after any organization Hoover considered subversive( troublemaking) , including the Black Panthers, the Socialist Workers Party which was and the Ku Klux Klan.
Many may think Hoover did a great job with making the FBI get a different name and view but Hoover was in all honesty a the most damaging racist to hold such a high position in the 20th century. Hoover was known for targeting blacks such as: elected officials, civil rights leaders (such as Martin Luther King Jr.), newspaper publishers, and a singer named Paul Robeson but yet during his career (1924-1972) there were a lot of rumors – both inside the FBI and the outside – that J. Edgar Hoover was in fact had a African-American descent but used his looks to pass off as white and after extensive research, witnesses and evidence some may conclude, that in their opinion, that Hoover was actually an african-american. Which is super ironic considering the fact that he was so obsessed with black people and go out of his way to bother and degrade them. Hoover’s was infamous for his campaign to destroy Dr. Martin Luther King was not the first time he had undertaken such an effort. Author Richard Gid Powers points out the parallel to the campaign, which Hoover coordinated, against Marcus Garvey and the black nationalist movement, from 1919 to 1923.