From the
questionnaires we received and analysed, we found that there is a demonstrative
increase in the rates of eye’s problems in primary school students, especially
the eyestrain in the recent years. Since the primary school
students spend a majority of time at schools, the environment there is one of
the most suitable settings for learning. Thus, there is an urgent necessity for the schools to
consistently and efficiently advance the eye’s protection strategies in order
to improve students’ knowledge on eye health.

Eye’s protection strategies
is a determinative key that parents could also take a vital role to alleviate
students from getting eyes’ problems. For instance, parents with a management
role could ensure children to equip with proper knowledge on eyes’ protections
and help them engage in daily eyes’ protection exercises such as 20-20-20 rule.
Therefore, a proper eyes’ protection lifestyle could be created.

There are several behavioral and environmental factors
associated with children spending excessive time on screens. From the former
one, there are three main aspects. Firstly, the lack of screen time home policy.
Parenting style has been categorized into authoritative,
authoritarian, indulgent, or neglectful. (Bourdeaudhuij, Velde,
Maes, Perez-Rodrigo, Almeida, 2009) Parents with authoritative or authoritarian have high expectations
and controls on children while the other two do not. Thus, Parents with
indulgent or neglectful are low on strictness and with no family rules and
parental monitoring regarding children’s screen time. However, children whose
parents had no home policies for screen time has higher screen time. Children with
home policies tend to spend 2.51 hours a day on screens while children with no
home policies spend 2.83 hours a day on screens. (Hawi, Rupert, 2014)

Secondly, the lack of education by parents and schools
on eye health. With inadequate knowledge on eye protection, children may not
know the harm of overusing digital devices and skills to prevent vision
problems. Thirdly, inappropriate use of digital devices by parents. Parents use
digital devices as distracting tools so they could have a break or focus on
their own work leads to a notably higher chance of children overusing digital devices. (Hawi, Rupert, 2014) While from the latter
one, there is also a main environmental aspects. The number of digital devices
they have, especially the TVs or desktop computers at bedrooms. It may
encourage children to use digital devices as they could easily get in touch with
devices.

Government is providing Pre-School Vision Screening
and Student Health Service Centre for children who is 4 year-old and above an annual
vision check which are free in charge. If children participate voluntarily,
they could have vision check and receive education on eye health and vision
problems prevention.