ABATE: to reduce in amount degree, or severity
As the hurricane’s force ______, the winds dropped and the sea became calm.
ABSCOND: to leave secretly
The patron _________ from the restaurant w/out paying his bill by sneaking out the back door.
ABSTAIN: to choose not to do something
She ________ from choosing a mouthwatering dessert from the tray.
ABYSS: an extremely deep hole
The submarine dove into the ______ to chart the previously unseen depths.
ADULTERATE: to make impure
The chef made his ketchup last longer by _______ it with water.
ADVOCATE: to speak in favor of
The vegetarian ________ a diet containing no meat.

AESTHETIC: concerning the appreciation of beauty
Followers of the _______ Movement regarded the pursuit of beauty as the only true purpose of art.
AGGRANDIZE: to increase in power, influence, and reputation
The superior sought to _________ herself by claiming that the achievement of her staff were actually her own.
ALLEVIATE: to make more bearable
Taking aspirin helps to _______ a headache.
AMALGAMATE: to combine; to mix together
Giant industries _________ w/ Mega Products to form Giant-Mega Products Inc.
AMBIGUOUS: doubtful or uncertain; able to be interpreted several ways
The directions she gave were so ________ that we disagreed on which way to turn.
AMELIORATE: to make better; to improve
The doctor was able to ________ the patient’s suffering using painkillers.

ANACHRONISM: something out of place in time
The aged hippie used ________ic phrases like “groovy and far out” that had not been popular for years.
ANALOGOUS: similar or alike in some way; equivalent
In the Newtonian construct for explaining the existence of God, the universe is _______ to a mechanical timepiece, the creation of a divinely intelligent “clockmaker”.
ANOMALY: deviation from what is normal
Albino animals may display too great an _______ on their coloring to attract normally colored mates.
ANTAGONIZE: to annoy or provoke to anger
The child discovered the he could ________ the cat by pulling its tail.

ANTIPATHY: extreme dislike
The ________ b/w the French and the English regularly erupted into open warfare.
APATHY: lack of interest or emotion
The ________ of voters is so great that less than half the people who are eligible to vote actually bother to do so.
ARBITRATE: to judge a dispute b/w 2 opposing parties
Since the couple could not come to agreement, a judge was forced to ________ their divorce proceedings.
ARCHAIC: ancient, old-fashioned
Her _______ Commodore computer could not run the latest software.

ARDOR: intense & passionate feeling
Bishop’s ______ for the landscape was evident when he passionately described the beauty of the scenic Hudson Valley.
ARTICULATE: able to speak clearly & expressively
She is such an _________ defender of labor that unions are among her strongest supporters.
ASSUAGE: to make something unpleasant less severe
Serena used aspirin to ________ her pounding headache.

ATTENUATE: to reduce in force or degree; to weaken
The Bill of Rights _________ the traditional power of gov’t to change laws @ will.
AUDACIOUS: fearless & daring
Her _________ nature allowed her to fulfill her dream of skydiving.
AUSTERE: severe or stern in appearance; undecorated
The lack of decoration makes military barracks seem ______ to the civilian eye.
BANAL: predictable, cliched, boring
He used _______ phrases like “have a nice day”, or “another day, another dollar”.
BOLSTER: to support; to prop up
The presence of giant footprints ________ the argument that Sasquatch was in the area.
BOMBASTIC: in speech and manner
The ranting of the radio talk-show host was mostly _______; his boasting and outrageous claims had no basis in fact.

CACOPHONY: harsh, jarring noise
The junior high orchestra created an almost unbearable _________ as they tried to tune their instruments.
CANDID: impartial & honest in speech
The observations of a child can be charming since they are _______ and unpretentious,.
CAPRICIOUS: changing one’s mind quickly and often
Queen Elizabeth I was quite ________; her courtiers could never be sure which of their # would catch her fancy.

CASTIGATE: to punish or criticize harshly
Many Americans are amazed @ how harshly the authorities in Singapore _________ perpetrators of what would be considered minor crimes in the U.S.
CATALYST: something that brings about a change in something else
The imposition of harsh taxes was the ________ that finally brought on the revolution.
CAUSTIC: biting in wit
Dorothy Parker gained her reputation for ________ wit from her cutting, yet clever, insults.

CHAOS: great disorder or confusion
In many religious traditions, God created an ordered universe from _______.
CHAUVINIST: someone prejudiced in favor of a group to which he/she belongs
The attitude that men are inherently superior to women and therefore must be obeyed is common among male __________.
CHICANERY: deception by means of craft or guile
Dishonest used car sales ppl often use ________ to sell their beat-up old cars.
COGENT: convincing & well reasoned
Swayed by the _______ argument of the defense, the jury had no choice but to acquit the defendant.
CONDONE: to overlook, pardon, or disregard
Some theorists believe that failing to prosecute minor crimes is the same as ________ing an air of lawlessness.

CONVOLUTED: intricate & complicated
Although many ppl bought “A Brief History of Time”, few could follow its _________ ideas and theories.
CORROBORATE: to provide supporting evidence
Fingerprints _________ed the witness’s testimony that he saw the defendant in the victim’s apartment.
CREDULOUS: too trusting, gullible
Although some four-year-olds believe in the Easter bunny, only the most __________ nine-year-olds also believe in him.
CRESCENDO: steadily increasing volume or force
The _________ of tension became unbearable as Evil Knievel prepared to jump his motorcycle over the school buses.
DECORUM: appropriateness of behavior or conduct; propriety
The countess complained that the vulgar peasants lacked the _________ appropriate for a visit to the palace.
DEFERENCE: respect, courtesy
The respectful young law clerk treated the Supreme Court justice w/ the utmost ________.

DERIDE: to speak or treat w/ contempt; to mock
The awkward child was often ________ by his “cooler” peers.
DESICCATE: to dry out thoroughly
After a few weeks of lying on the desert’s baking sands, the cow’s carcass became completely ________ed.
DESULTORY: jumping from one thing to another; disconnected
Diane had a _________ academic record; she had changed majors 12 times in three years.
DIATRIBE: an abusive, condemnatory speech
The trucker bellowed a _________ at the driver who had cut him off.

DIFFIDENT: lacking self-confidence
Steve’s ________ manner during the job interview stemmed from his nervous nature and lack of exp in the field.
DILATE: to make larger; to expand
When you enter a darkened room, the pupils of your eyes ______ to let in more light.
DILATORY: intended to delay
The congressman used ________ measures to delay the passage of the bill.

DILETTANTE: someone w/ amateurish & superficial interest in a topic
Jerry’s friends were such ________ that they seemed to have new jobs and hobbies every week.
DIRGE: a funeral hymn or mournful speech
Melville wrote the poem ” A _____ for James McPherson” for the funeral of a Union general who was killed in 1864.
DISABUSE: to set right; to free from error
Galileo’s observations ________ scholars of the notion that the sun revolved around the earth.
DISCERN: to perceive; to recognize
It is easy to ______ the difference b/w butter & butter-flavored topping.
DISPARATE: fundamentally different; entirely unlike
Although the twins appear to be identical physically, their personalities are ________.

DISSEMBLE: to present a false appearance; to disguise one’s real intentions or character
The villain could _________ to the police no longer-he admitted the deed and tore up the floor to reveal the body of the old man.
DISSONANCE: a harsh & disagreeable combination, often of sounds
Cognitive ________ is the inner conflict produced when long-standing beliefs are contradicted by new evidence.
DOGMA: a firmly held opinion, often a religious belief
Linus’s central _______ was that children who believed in the Great Pumpkin would be rewarded.
DOGMATIC: dictatorial in one’s opinions
The dictator was _________ -he, and only he, was right.
DUPE: to deceive; a person who is easily deceived
Bugs Bunny was able to ____ Elmer Fudd by dressing up as a lady rabbit.
ECLECTIC: selecting from or made up from a variety of sources
Budapest’s architecture is an _______ mix of Eastern and Western styles.

EFFICACY: effectiveness
The _______ of penicillin was unsurpassed when it was first introduced; the drug completely eliminated almost all bacterial infections for which it was administered.
ELEGY: a sorrowful poem or speech
Although Thomas Gray’s “_______ Written in a Country Churchyard” is about death and loss, it urges its readers to endure this life and to trust in spirituality.
ELOQUENT: persuasive and moving, esp. in speech
The Gettysburg Address is moving not only b/c of its lofty sentiments but also b/c of its _______ words.
EMULATE: to copy; to try to equal or excel
The graduate student sought to ________ his professor in every way, copying not only how she taught but also how she conducted herself outside of class.
ENERVATE: to reduce in strength
The guerrillas hoped that a series of surprise attacks would ________ the regular army.
ENGENDER: to produce, cause, or bring about
His fear & hatred of clowns was _________ when he witnessed the death of his father @ the hands of a clown.
ENIGMA: a puzzle, a mystery
Speaking in riddles & dressed in old robes, the artist gained a reputation as something of an _______.
ENUMERATE: to count, list, or itemize
Moses returned from the mountain w/ tablets on which the commandments were _________.
EPHEMERAL: lasting a short time
The lives of mayflies seem _______ to us, since the flies’ avg life span is a matter of hours.
EQUIVOCATE: to use expressions of double meaning in order to mislead
When faced w/ criticism of her policies, the politician ________ed and left all parties thinking she agreed w/ them.
ERRATIC: wandering & unpredictable
The plot seemed predictable until it suddenly took a series of _______ turns that surprised the audience.
ERUDITE: learned, scholarly, bookish
The annual meeting of philosophy professors was a gathering of the most _______, well-published individuals in the field.
ESOTERIC: known or understood by only a few
Only a handful of experts are knowledgeable about the _______ world of particle physics.
ESTIMABLE: admirable
Most ppl consider it _________ that Mother Teresa spent her life helping the poor of India.
EULOGY: speech in praise of someone
His best friend gave the _______, outlining his many achievements and talents.
EUPHEMISM: use of an inoffensive word or phrase in place of a more distasteful one
The funeral director preferred to use the ________ “sleeping” instead of the word dead.
EXACERBATE: to make worse
It is unwise to take aspirin to try to relieve heartburn; instead of providing relief, the drug will only ________ the problem.
EXCULPATE: to clear from blame; prove innocent
The adversarial legal system is intended to convict those who are guilty and to _________ those who are innocent.
EXIGENT: urgent; requiring immediate action
The patient was losing blood so rapidly that it was _______ to stop the source of the bleeding.
EXONERATE: to clear of blame
The fugitive was _______ when another criminal confessed to committing the crime.
EXPLICIT: clearly stated or shown; forthright in expression
The owners of the house left a list of _______ instructions detailing their house-sitter’s duties, including a schedule for watering the house plants.
FANATICAL: acting excessively enthusiastic; filled w/ extreme, unquestioned devotion
The stormtroopers were _______ in their devotion to the emperor, readily sacrificing their lives for him.
FAWN: to grovel
The understudy ______ed over the director in hopes of being cast in the part on a permanent basis.
FERVID: intensely emotional; feverish
The fans of Maria Callas were unusually _______, doing anything to catch a glimpse of the great opera singer.
FLORID: excessively decorated or embellished
The palace had been decorated in a ______ style; every surface had been carved and gilded.
FOMENT: to arouse or incite
The protesters tried to ______ feeling against the war through their speeches and demonstrations.
FRUGALITY: a tendency to be thrifty or cheap
Scrooge McDuck’s ________ was so great that he accumulated enough wealth to fill a giant storehouse w/ money.
GARRULOUS: tending to talk a lot
The _________ parakeet distracted its owner w/ its continuous talking.
GREGARIOUS: outgoing, sociable
She was so ________ that when she found herself alone, she felt quite sad.
GUILE: deceit or trickery
Since he was not fast enough to catch the roadrunner on foot, the coyote resorted to _____ in an effort to trap his enemy.
GULLIBLE: easily deceived
The con man pretended to be a bank officer so as to fool _______ bank customers into giving him their account info.
HOMOGENOUS: of a similar kind
The class was fairly _________, since almost all of the students were senior journalism majors.
ICONOCLAST: one who opposes established beliefs, customs, and institutions
His lack of regard for traditional beliefs soon established him as an ____________.
IMPERTURBABLE: not capable of being disturbed
The counselor had so much exp dealing w/ distraught children that she seemed ________, even when faced w/ the wildest tantrums.
IMPERVIOUS: impossible to penetrate; incapable of being affected
A good raincoat will be ________ to moisture.
IMPETUOUS: quick to act w/out thinking
It is not good for an investment broker to be ________, since much thought should be given to all the possible options.
IMPLACABLE: unable to be calmed down or made peaceful
His rage at the betrayal was so great that he remained _________ for weeks.
INCHOATE: not fully formed; disorganized
The ideas expressed in Nietzche’s mature work also appear in an _________ form in his earliest writing.
INGENUOUS: showing innocence or childlike simplicity
She was so ________ that her friends feared that her innocence and trustfulness would be exploited when she visited the big city.
INIMICAL: hostile; unfriendly
Even though the children had grown up together, they were ________ to each other @ school.
INNOCUOUS: harmless
Some snakes are poisonous, but most species are ___________ and pose no danger to humans.
INSIPID: lacking interest or flavor
The critic claimed that the painting was _______, containing no interesting qualities at all.
INTRANSIGENT: uncompromising;l refusing to be reconciled
The professor was _________ on the deadline, insisting that everyone turn the assignment in @ the same time.
INUNDATE: to overwhelm; to cover w/ water
The tidal wave _________ Atlantis, which was lost beneath the water.
IRASCIBLE: easily made angry
Attila the Hun’s __________ and violent nature made all who dealt with him fear for their lives.
LACONIC: using few words
She was a _________ poet who built her reputation on using words as sparingly as possible,.
LAMENT: to express sorrow; to grieve
The children continued to ________ the death of the goldfish weeks after its demise.
LAUD: to give praise; to glorify
Parades and fireworks were staged to ____ the success of the rebels.
LAVISH: to give unsparingly (v.); extremely generous or extravagant (adj.)
She ______ed the puppy w/ so many treats that is soon became overweight and spoiled.
LETHARGIC: acting in an indifferent or slow, sluggish manner
The clerk was so _________ that, even when the store was slow, he always had a long line in front of him.
LOQUACIOUS: talkative
She was naturally ________, which was a problem in situations in which listening was more important than talking.
LUCID: clear & easily understood
The explanations were written in a simple and _____ manner so that students were immediately able to apply what they learned.
LUMINOUS: bright, brilliant, glowing
The park was bathed in _______ sunshine, which warmed the bodies and the souls of the visitors.
MALINGER: to evade responsibility by pretending to be ill
A common way to avoid the draft was by ______ing- pretending to be mentally or physically ill so as to avoid being taken by the Army.
MALLEABLE: capable of being shaped
Gold is the most ________ of precious metals; it can easily be formed into almost any shape.
METAPHOR: a figure of speech comparing 2 different things; a symbol
The _________ “a sea of troubles” suggests a lot of troubles by comparing their # to the vastness of the sea.
METICULOUS: extremely careful about details
To find all the clues @ the crime scene, the investigators ___________ly examined every inch of the area.
MISANTHROPE: a person who dislikes others
The character Scrooge in “A Christmas Carol” is such a __________ that even the sight of children singing makes him angry.
MITIGATE: to soften; to lessen
A judge may ________ a sentence if she decides that a person committed a crime out of need.
MOLLIFY: to calm or make less sever
Their argument was so intense that it was difficult to believe any compromise would ______ them.
MONOTONY: lack of variation
The _________ of the sound of the dripping faucet almost drove the research assistant crazy.
NAIVE: lacking sophistication or exp
Having never traveled b4, the elementary school students were more _______ than their high school counterparts on the field trip.
OBDURATE: hardened in feeling; resistant to persuasion
The president was completely _______ on the issue, and no amount of persuasion would change his mind.
OBSEQUIOUS: overly submissive & eager to please
The _________ new associate made sure to compliment her supervisor’s tie and agree w/ him on every issue.
OBSTINATE: stubborn, unyielding
The _______ child could not be made to eat any food that he disliked.
OBVIATE: to prevent; to make unnecessary
The river was shallow enough to wade across at many points, which _______ the need for a bridge.
OCCLUDE: to stop up; to prevent the passage of
A shadow is thrown across the earth’s surface during a solar eclipse, when the light from the sun is _______ by the moon.
ONEROUS: troublesome & oppressive; burdensome
The assignment was so extensive & difficult to manage that it proved _______ to the team in charge of it.
OPAQUE: impossible to see through; preventing the passage of light
The heavy buildup of dirt & grime on the windows almost made them _______.
OPPROBRIUM: public disgrace
After the scheme to embezzle the elderly was made public, the treasurer resigned in utter _______.
OSTENTATION: excessive showiness
The _______ of the Sun King’s court is evident in the lavish decoration and luxuriousness of his palace @ Versailles.
PARADOX: a contradiction or dilemma
It is a _______ that those most in need of medical attention are often those least able to obtain it.
PARAGON: model of excellence or perfection
She is the _______ of what a judge should be: honest, intelligent, hardworking, and just.
PEDANT: someone who shows off learning
The graduate instructor’s tedious & excessive commentary on the subject soon gained her a reputation as a _______.
PERFIDIOUS: willing to betray one’s trust
The actress’s _______ companion revealed all of her intimate secrets to the gossip columnist.
PERFUNCTORY: done in a routine way; indifferent
The machinelike bank teller processed the transaction and gave the waiting customer a _______ smile.
PERMEATE: to penetrate
This miraculous new cleaning fluid is able to _______ stains and dissolve them in minutes!
PHILANTHROPY: charity; a desire or effort to promote goodness
New York’s Metropolitan Museum of Art owes much of its collection to the _______ of private collectors who willed their estates to the museum.
PLACATE: to soothe or pacify
The burglar tried to _______ the snarling dog by saying “Nice doggy”, and offering it a treat.
PLASTIC: able to be molded, altered, or bent
The new material was very _______ and could be formed into products of vastly different shapes.
PLETHORA: excess
Assuming that more was better, the defendant offered the judge a _______ of excuses.
PRAGMATIC: practical as opposed to idealistic
While daydreaming gamblers think they can get rich by frequenting casinos, _______ gamblers realize that the odds are heavily stacked against them.
PRECIPITATE: to throw violently or bring about abruptly; lacking deliberation
Upon learning that the couple married after knowing each other only 2 months, friends and family members expected such a _______ marriage to end in divorce.
PREVARICATE: to lie or deviate from the truth
Rather than admit that he had overslept again, the employee _______ed and claimed that heavy traffic had prevented him from arriving @ work on time.
PRISTINE: fresh and clean; uncorrupted
Since concerted measures had been taken to prevent looting, the archeological site was still _______ when researchers arrived.
PRODIGAL: lavish, wasteful
The _______ son quickly wasted all of his inheritance on a lavish lifestyle devoted to pleasure.
PROLIFERATE: to increase in # quickly
Although she only kept 2 guinea pigs initially, they _______ed to such an extent that she soon had dozens.
PROPITIATE: to conciliate; to appease
The management _______ the irate union by agreeing to raise wages for its members.
PROPRIETY: correct behavior; obedience to rules & customs
The aristocracy maintained a high level of _______, adhering to even the most minor social rules.
PRUDENCE: wisdom, caution, or restraint
The college student exhibited _______ by obtaining practical exp along w/ her studies, which greatly strengthened her resume.
PUNGENT: sharp and irritating to the senses
The smoke from the burning tires was extremely _______.
QUIESCENT: motionless
Many animals are _______ over the winter months, minimizing activity in order to conserve energy.
RAREFY: to make thinner or sparser
Since the atmosphere _______ as altitudes increase, the air @ the top of very tall mountains is too thin to breathe.
REPUDIATE: to reject the validity of
The old woman’s claim that she was Russian royalty was _______ when DNA tests showed she was of no relation to them.
RETICENT: silent, reserved
Physically small and _______ in her speech, Joan Didion often went unnoticed by those upon whom she was reporting.
RHETORIC: effective writing or speaking
Lincoln’s talent for _______ was evident in his beautifully expressed Gettysburg Address.
SATIATE: to satisfy fully or overindulge
His desire for power was so great that nothing less than complete control of the country could _______ it.
SOPORIFIC: causing sleep or lethargy
The movie proved to be so _______ that soon loud snores were heard throughout the theater.
SPECIOUS: deceptively attractive; seemingly plausible but fallacious
The student’s _______ excuse for being late sounded legitimate but was proved otherwise when her teacher called her home.
STIGMA: a mark of shame or discredit
In “The Scarlet Letter”, Hester Prynne was required to wear the letter A on her clothes as a public _______ for her adultery.
STOLID: unemotional; lacking sensitivity
The prisoner appeared _______ and unaffected by the judge’s harsh sentence.
SUBLIME: lofty or grand
The music was so _______ that it transformed the rude surroundings into a special place.
TACIT: done w/out using words
Although not a word had been said, everyone in the room knew that a _______ agreement had been made about which course of action to take.
TACITURN: silent, not talkative
The clerk’s _______ nature earned him the nickname “Silent Bob”.
TIRADE: long, harsh speech or verbal attack
Observers were shocked @ the manager’s _______ over such a minor mistake.
TORPOR: extreme mental & physical sluggishness
After surgery, the patient experienced _______ until the anesthesia wore off.
TRANSITORY: temporary, lasting a brief time
The reporter lived a _______ life, staying in one place only long enough to cover the current story.
VACILLATE: to sway physically; to be indecisive
The customer held up the line as he _______ed b/w ordering chocolate chip or rocky road ice cream.
VENERATE: to respect deeply
In a traditional Confucian society, the young _______ their elders, deferring to the elders’ wisdom & exp.
VERACITY: filled w/ truth and accuracy
She had a reputation for _______, so everyone trusted her description of events.
VERBOSE: wordy
The professor’s answer was so _______ that his student forgot that the original question had been.
VEX: to annoy
The old man who loved his peace and quiet was ___ed by his neighbor’s loud music.
VOLATILE: easily aroused or changeable; lively or explosive
His _______ personality made it difficult to predict his reaction to anything.
WAVER: to fluctuate b/w choices
If you _______ too long b4 making a decision about which testing site to register for, you may not get your 1st choice.
WHIMSICAL: acting in a fanciful or capricious manner; unpredictable
The ballet was _______, delighting the children w/ its imaginative characters & unpredictable sets.
ZEAL: passion, excitement
She brought her typical ___ to the project, sparkling enthusiasm in the other team members.