Sharps- In a hospital health and social care setting needles are frequently being used in lots of different places and lots of them are actually used. It’s important to have a place where these used needles can be stored which is why now after a needle has been used it’s put into a ‘sharps box’. If all the sharps are kept in the box then it reduced the possible harm to service providers and users such as if a person was to come into contact with a used needle they could hurt themselves because it would be a short sharp pain as the needle penetrates the skin.

If this was to happen then the person who has been pricked is at high risk of contracting diseases such as HIV/Aids and hepatitis B or C which could lead to a possible death. Hepatitis B can cause damage to the liver and like the other listed diseases there isn’t any cure, only painkillers can be prescribed to relieve symptoms. Spread of infection- In a hospital it is full of people who are either ill or who are recovering from either an illness or an injury.

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Whilst being unwell they are most likely to contract other infections/diseases as they have low immune systems. In the hospital the beds are placed very closely together to enable more patients to be catered for so the chance of an infection spreading quickly is very high. If there was an illness already based within the hospital then the staff has to make sure that nobody enters the hospital and nobody leaves to stop a pandemic from arising as it could be serious and kill many.

People are advised if they are unwell then to stay away from the hospitals anyway but some people take no notice of this and this is why infections are spread as easily as they are. If a terminally ill patient was to contract and infection then it could be the case of either life or death. (NHS, 2011) Security-When working in a health and social care environment you are normally working with vulnerable people who need a service to be provided. This could be very young or elderly people.

It’s important that when providing a service we make sure that all of the people involved are kept safe. We require all staff members to wear identification badges that have pictures on which are visible to see if we need to. There are especially high security procedures in maternity wards such as “All doors to the maternity wards are kept locked and only members of staff working within the maternity unit can gain entry via their identification badge. An intercom and security cameras are used to assess visitors before entry to the wards.

All babies are security tagged at birth as well as wearing their identification tags. However you should NEVER leave your baby unattended. If you need to leave your baby for any reason please inform the Midwife. ” (NHS, N/A). If we didn’t follow security rules then it could lead to baby’s being taken out of the ward and especially abuse towards service users and providers. Wet floors- It’s possible at any time for a spillage on the floor to occur such as if a drink is spilt, or people have walked in with wet shoes and many more.

If there is a wet floor then by law you are meant to put a hazard sign next to where the spillage has occurred. If there is not a sign then people are unaware that there is anything on the floor and as it will be slippery then people can slip over. If somebody is in hospital recovering from an injury or is a frail patient then if they slip over they can hurt themselves even more such as a back or head injury which could become serious especially if the patient has hit their head and become unconscious they could end up in a coma or could end in death.

The patient could bruise their skin which they could also bruise internally which if they were elderly is highly likely, elder people also bruise worse then what younger people do. Chemicals-It’s important to make sure that everywhere is clean and tidy so that we can stop infections from spreading. In order for things to be completely disinfected then it’s important that we clean them properly. In order for bacteria to be killed we use chemicals to do the cleaning but some chemicals can cause problems especially if they are not kept and used suitably.

All chemicals should have a hazard label on them which gives a slight over view on how dangerous they are to people. Chemicals shouldn’t be left lying around not for anybody to use. We have legislation in place that states the rules on chemicals this is called coshh (control of substance hazardous to health)they have regulations in place that all health and social care settings have to adhere to in order to keep people safe. This can also include the way in which staff is trained to act with things such as bodily fluids.

If the legislation is not followed then it could result in major illness which could kill the person. On the bottles of all of the chemicals should be the labels to give an indication of what’s inside the bottle to determine the outcome such as an irritant sign shows that if it comes in contact with the skin. Some of the chemicals can cause burns to the skin which could scar that person for the rest of their lives.

Flammable chemicals if set on fire could spread rapidly and cause danger and harm to surrounding people such as they could get burnt or could die. Bodily fluids can pass on diseases and infections if they were to get into an open wound such as blood as this could give you HIV which would end in death Negligence- Every person inside a health and social care setting are vulnerable and in need of some looking after but in some places training is limited and the staff are not trained how to deal with particular situations.

Some staff are just in the job roles for money and do not care about the welfare of the patient and result in some patients are harmed due to negligence such as the baby which was recently in the news who had a dummy taped to its face whilst at hospital (BBC NEWS, 2013), in this story the baby was unharmed but it could have been dangerous if the baby had been sick then it could have choked on this and died.

When my great grandma was in hospital she was left to go to the toilet on her own when the staff knew she was unsteady on her feet which resulted in her falling and she ended up dying from her injuries. Challenging Behaviour- When in a health and social care setting both professionals and service users are at risk. When working in a hospital especially at weekends you have to deal with difficult patients that have been influenced by substances. When somebody is under and influence of either alcohol or drugs they are unaware of their actions and can become violent to staff members.

Staff members in health and social care settings are trained to deal with verbal abuse and in settings such as mental health physical abuse training but for a general nurse things can be difficult such as if a drunken patient falls onto them then it could cause them an injury to their back/shoulders. The patients could get very violent towards the staff members and could throw things at them or attack them which could result in lasting physical damage such as black eye, tooth fallen out or broken bone which would the professional would then have to take time from work to recover.

Hazardous waste-When working in any health and social care setting you are working with people individuals needs and this entails things such as bodily fluids which we see as hazardous waste because it can make people very ill if they come into contact with it such as if another person’s blood gets into your open cut then you could contract HIV/Aids or even hepatitis B/C. If a person has contracted these diseases then you are unable to get rid of this which could lead to serious side effects such as liver problems and even death.

Staffs in hospitals are trained how to dispose of hazardous waste such as when working with personal needs they need to wear gloves and aprons. Equipment-When in a hospital it’s your responsibility to make sure that everybody is kept safe and this means that the equipment that you use is safe. Some patients may be bigger then you and also after a serious injury may be unable to move so you require help from a hoist to move that patient.

Before using and equipment on a patient you should make sure that all the equipment has been tested properly so that if anything was to happen to that patient then you could blame it on the testing. When in a hospital the patients are surrounded by lots of medical equipment some which is even keeping the patient alive so if the machine was to become fault whilst a patient is on it then it could result in death. If the equipment was faulty then it could hurt the patient for example if in a hoist and it broke they could be bruised or suffer from a back/head injury.