Odysseus
Protagonist of the Odyssey and married to Penelope. King of IthicaFavorite godess is Athena
Telemachus
Odysseus’s son
Penelope
Wife of Odysseus
Athena
Goddess of wisdom. Friend of Odysseus
Poseidon
God of the sea.

Cyclops Polyphemus is his son. Poseidon is the antagonist of Odysseus

Poseidon
God of the sea. Cyclops Polyphemus is his son.

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Poseidon is the antagonist of Odysseus

Zeus
King of gods and men. Depicted as weighing men’s fates. Helps Odysseus out sometimes
Antinous
The most arrogant of Penelope’s suitors when Odysseus returns.
Eurymachus
Manipulative, deciteful suitor. Tried to convince Odysseus to accept restitution
Amphinomus
Only good-hearted suitor. Speaks up for Odysseus and Telemachus, but is killed in the fight
Eumaeus
Swineheard servant that helps Odysseus with his plan.
Eurycleia
Aged and loyal servant who nursed odysseus and Telemachus when they were young.

Given the order to close the women’s door. Order was “issued” from Telemachus, not by the real issuer, Odysseus.

Polyphemus
The Cyclops that Odysseus escapes from on the island. Son of Poseidon, who is angry of what Odysseus did to his son.
Circe
Witch-godess that transforms Odysseus’s crew into swine on the island.
Hermes
God that helps Odysseus resist the drug on Circe’s island.

Tiresias
Theban prophet who inhabits the underworld. Shows Odysseus how to get back to Ithica
Helen
Wife of Manelaus and queen of Sparta. Helen’s abduction from Sparta starts the trojan war.
Agamennon
Odysseus encounters Agmemnon’s spirit in Hades (hell).

Led the war against torgans.

Calypso
The beautiful nymph who falls in love with Odysseus when he lands on her island home of Ogygia. He is held captive for 7 years until Hermes convinces her to let him go
Laertes
Odysseus’s father
Aeolus
The king of the wind. The king gives him two gifts; a bag full of bad winds, and a good west wind.

Laestrygones
Island of cannibals that bombard their ship with boulders. Only 45 survive.
Eurylochus
One of Odysseus’s men. He is the one who warns the others about the tainted drink on the island of Circe.(the pigs)
Persephone
Wife of the underworld dude Amegmnon
Epithet
Descriptive phrase that presents a particular trait of a person or thing.

It can lead to characterization

Epic Simile*also called ‘Homeric Simile’
Elaborate comparison that continues for a number of lines.Uses words such as: like, as, so, or just as.
Name the 5 Perils:
[1] Siren’s singing will drive the men crazy.[2] Shipwreck on rocks so dangerous that birds cannot get through them[3] Scalla the deamon will kill them.[4] The whirlpool, Charybdis will swallow the ship underwater[5] They will eat Helios’s cattle, and Helios will get revenge.

What is the estimated time that the Odyssey was written?
around 800 B.C. by Homer
Name the 3 Important plots in the Odyssey
Trojan War, the heroism of Odysseus, and the interference of the gods.
Why did the Trojan war start?
Paris a prince of Troy kidnapped Helen, the most beautiful woman in the world. Her husband was the king of Sparta, Menelaus.

Who battled in the Trojan war?
The Greeks v.s. the Trojans
Gods and Goddesses are found mostely where:
Mt. Olympus
Lotus Eaters
People of the island where a plant tries to make them forget home and stay there.
Philoetius
Cowherd servant that helps Odysseus with his plan.
Who were the two servants that helped Odysseus with his plan?
Eumaeus (swineherd) and Philoetius (cowherd)