I was given an opportunity to teach a topic during a session
for facilitation of learning to a small group with the help of micro teaching.
I choose the topic of subcutaneous insertion of needle for administration of
medications. This was a good experience to prepare for the topic and present it
to the group. After the teaching, the group gave constructive feedback on my
teaching which has helped me to gain insight and has assisted me in being more assertive
in my teaching. Also this made me mindful of the nursing students’ learning
levels and how to adapt to them.
Domain 2 (NMC 2008), identify and
use the knowledge of student’s stage of learning and to select learning
opportunities to meet individual needs which formed a basis for my selection of
this topic and this skill was appropriate to my daily working environment. I
had to prepare for this teaching and I had to use various books and look at all
the rationales behind each steps in doing this procedure, by this I was able to
integrate from my experience of practise. In order to enhance future learning
the group was given opportunity to reflect and give feedback.
Honey and Mumford’ (1982) model
explains 4 learning styles, which comprises of activist who prefer to do things
and are eager to experiments, reflectors observe and imitate on what Is being
taught, theorist wants to understand the ideas and rational behind the skills
taught to them and finally the pragmatist who try things and see if they work
The group comprised of 2 midwife
and 1 mental health nurse and they were from different areas of work, so I was
conscious of the learner’s knowledge about the topic and I made sure I was not
using complex words or jargons when I was teaching them. Their understanding of
general nursing was different as they were specialised in their areas. Made
sure I was empowering them in teaching this new skills and made them to
participate actively in this session. I explained the context and its meaning
to my work area and I used a range of methods like pictures and equipment’s to
show them and engage. After showing explain, I demonstrated the skill to show
them all. I was also explaining the rationale for the steps and made it easy
for them to understand. They were given opportunity to do this skills hands on
and ask question on it and finally at the end they were encouraged to reflect
and give feedback.
Bloom’s Taxonomy 1956 tries to
classify all learning into 3 domains and in them were various skills and
abilities. Cognitive- Intellectual skills and abilities were achieved through
explaining the skill and giving reason to why it was done, basically the theory
of the topic. Psychomotor–motor skills, hand, eye co-ordination were achieved
when I gave them the opportunity to it for them self and practise. Affective
–values, interests, attitudes were noted through asking questions, reflecting
on the topic and feedback.
(1998) explains the 4 stage method to teaching clinical skill and I used them
in the session to give a structure and make it easy for the learners. I demonstrated
the skills and repeated couple of key things and encouraged them to ask
question to stimulate their thinking. Then I repeated and the group explained
the steps, so I could make sure that they understood the skills clearly. And
finally I asked the learner to explain and perform the skill to reinforce that the
learning was complete.
brought pictures of skin and pictures of sites of subcutaneous injections so
the learners had a visual idea and knew how deep the needle was inserted. I
used a lesson plan template that guided me in step by step manner for guiding
my teaching throughout this session. The constructive feedback that was
received helped me to look into some of the aspects that would have helped in
even making the topic more effective. Some wanted to know more why this
procedure was used more and also some wanted to know more about what kind of
medications and treatments were used in this way of administering medications.
I had an opportunity to answer to them at the end of the session and explained
about this to them. This clearly showed me that different learners had
different views and different learning abilities.
5 of NMC 2008 states about creating an environment for learning and to aid in
learning and to gain attainments in learners. I had an idea about different
levels of learning in the group as they were from a different spectrum of
nursing and I had to adapt based on their level and explain things in a simple
way. To improve learning experience, they were given hands on opportunity to
perform the skills and also to reflect upon them.
evaluating my facilitation skills I was very impressed and pleased with all the
feedback I received. This has improved my confidence and also assisted me to
look into things, like finding more rational or preparing the topic in a
different manner to suite all kinds of learners needs. Also to develop
different kinds of visual aids/ simulation methods to engage the learners more
deep into the subject. Writing a lesson plan for the topic beforehand to give
me a structure in teaching is also something that is very important that I have