political attitude favoring or advocating changes or reform throught government action
Florence Kelley
Social and political reformer from philadelphia. worked against sweetshops and for the minimum wage and 8 hr. work days.

also for childrens rights

disallowence of alcohol products
reform-oriented journalists , wrote largely for popular magazines continued a tradition of investigative journalism
Robert Lafollette
American Republican, served in the house of Representatives. governor of Wisconsin.
means by which a petetion signed by a certain minimum number of registered voters can force a public vote.

a direct vote which an entire electorate is asked to accept or reject a particular proposal
procedure by which voters can remove an elected official from office through a direct vote
17th amendment
people elect their own US senatora
18th amendment
Alcohol is prohibited
19th amendment
women get right to vote
Maria Mitchell
Americam Astonomer. discovereda comet which became know as Miss Mitchells comet .won a gold medal for her discovery
politacal franchise..english means the right to run for office
Susan B. Anthony
active in temporance. joined womens rights movement .

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. she traveled and lectured and canvassed across the nation, ignoring opposition and abuse

National american women suffrage association
Theodore Roosevelt
President after McKinley was assassinated. War hero of the Spanish American War. Made up San Juan hill
Square deal
The Square Deal was President Theodore Roosevelt’s domestic program formed upon three basic ideas: conservation of natural resources, control of corporations, and consumer protection.
The Jungle
Book by Upton Sinclair. About factories deplorable conditions and lack of sanitation.
Upton Sinclair
wrote The Jungle, Famous Muckraker.
Meat Inspection Act
Act by congress which sought to protect consumers from “bad” meat.

Pure Food and Drug Act
Provided federal inspection of meat products and forbade the manufacture, sale, or transportation of adulterated food products and poisonous patent medicines. Muckrakers were a big part of its formation.
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People
Gifford Pinchot
German who was among the only foresters in the US. worked on the Biltmore Estate.
William Howar Taft
President picked by Theodore Roosevelt, fattest president, didn’t do the best job, fired Gifford Pinchot.
Payne-Aldrich Tariff
a bill lowering certain tariffs on goods entering the United States; however, the United States Senate speedily substituted a bill written by Aldrich, calling for fewer reductions and more increases in tariffs.

Clayton-Anti-Trust Act
The Act was an attempt to define more clearly the basic policy of the United States with respect to the organization and control of industry.
Federal Trade Comm.
The Federal Trade Commission (FTC) is an independent agency of the United States government, established in 1914 by the Federal Trade Commission Act. Its principal mission is the promotion of consumer protection and the elimination and prevention of what regulators perceive to be harmfully anti-competitive business practices, such as coercive monopoly.
Federal Reserve System
The central banking system of the United States.
Queen Liluokalani
Queen of Hawaii.
Trying to get more land.

Alfred Mahan
Wrote The Influence of Sea Power Upon History, in which he argued that the nations who controlled the seas ruled the world.
yellow journalism
Exaggeration of occurences in the newspapers.
USS Maine
Blew up accidentally in Cuba became one of the three main causes of the Spanish American war when exaggerated it was by yellow journalism
Platt Amendment
Stipulated the conditions for the withdrawal of United States troops remaining in Cuba at the end of the Spanish-American War and defined the terms of Cuban-U.S. relations until the 1934 Treaty of Relations.
an autonomous territory that is Protected diplomatically or militarily against third parties by a stronger state or entity.
open door notes

Secretary of State John Hay sent notes to the major powers (France, Germany, the United Kingdom, Italy, Japan, and Russia), asking them to declare formally that they would uphold Chinese territorial and administrative integrity and would not interfere with the free use of the treaty ports within their spheres of influence in China.

boxer rebellion
Chinese rebellion against foreigners
Panama Canal
Canal through Panama, which was a part of Columbia, connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
Roosevelt Corollary
Added to the Monroe Doctrine giving us the right to interfere in South America if Us lives, property, and interests are in danger.
Dollar Diplomacy
term used to describe the effort of the United States — particularly under President William Howard Taft — to further its aims in Latin America and East Asia through use of its economic power by guaranteeing loans made to foreign countries.
The belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests.
Russia (1914–17) British EmpireFrance France Italy (1915–18) United States (1917–18) Romania (1916–18) Japan Serbia Belgium Greece (1917–18)Portugal Portugal (1916–18) Montenegro (1914–16)and others
Central Powers
Germany Austria-Hungary Ottoman Empire Bulgaria (1915–18)
Shot down in German waters. Part of the reason for the Us entering WW1.

Zimerman note
A 1917 diplomatic proposal from the German Empire to Mexico to make war against the United States.
Selective Service Act
Authorized the federal government to raise a national army numbering in the hundreds of thousands with which to fight a modern war.
conscientiois objector
An “individual who has claimed the right to refuse to perform military service” on the grounds of freedom of thought, conscience, or religion.
Espionage + Sedition Acts
Forbade the use of “disloyal, profane, scurrilous, or abusive language” about the United States government, its flag, or its armed forces or that caused others to view the American government or its institutions with contempt. Those convicted under the act generally received sentences of imprisonment for 5 to 20 years.
14 points
Speech given by United States President Woodrow Wilson to a joint session of Congress on January 8, 1918. The address was intended to assure the country that the Great War was being fought for a moral cause and for postwar peace in Europe.
League of Nations
An intergovernmental organization founded as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended the First World War.

It was the first permanent international organization whose principal mission was to maintain world peace.

Versailles treaty
treaty at the end of WW1. ended the state of war between Germany and the Allied powers.
compensation for something that happen?(exp. slavery,war) in many forms indivdual payment , land, just money in general