In 1948, when the state of Israel was established, the conflict between Israel and Palestine began. This conflict rooted and grew from the pre-existing violence in Mandatory Palestine between the Israelis and Arabs in 1920. It wasn’t until 1947-1948 when both areas erupted into full-scale warfare and hostility. Now, in 2018, this conflict still has yet to reside. In fact, it has only progressed.  For over 90 years, the majority of the Middle East terrain has been affected by the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. There are many opinions as to how and why this conflict began. One of the more popular opinions is that at the heart of this conflict is the question of who rules what land. In 1947, Israel’s efforts to resolve the conflict were unsuccessful. The most recent negotiations between the two countries have escalated the violence and conflict greatly. Although both Israel and Palestine(referred to as Arabs at the time) date their ownership of the land back thousands of years, the current political conflict began in the beginning of the 20th century. Jews fleeing oppression in Europe, specifically France, wanted to establish a national safe place. However, this safe place happened to be, in what was at the time, an area populated by both the Muslim and Jewish community. However, the Arabs opposed this seeing how the land was rightfully theirs from an Arab perspective. The early United Nations plan to give each group part of the land failed because the Jews accepted the partition plan whereas the Arabs rejected it. After this, the Arab nations declared war upon Israel over the territory. Many factors contributed to the current state of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. However, the war of 1967 is exceptionally important for today’s conflict, seeing as how it left Israel in control of the West Bank and Gaza Strip(Israel unilaterally withdrew from Gaza in 2005, see the paragraph below for more detail) which were and are two territories home to extremely vast Arab populations.Currently, the West Bank(Judea and Samaria), is broken up into territories or administrative territories. Israel unilaterally withdrew from Gaza in August 2005. Gaza is now under the control of Hamas(recognized by Israel, the United States, and various other regions as a terrorist group). Hamas, historically, has been at odds with the Palestinian authority which is run by Fatah(a Palestinian political party). The effects this conflict is having on the world are very real. However, when analyzing these effects, it is also important to consider how they will be affecting the futures of those involved in the conflict. Children who are subject to witnessing these mass amounts of violence and this sort of trauma can cause long-term effects on the children’s social and mental success. Studies show that kids who grow up exposed to such violence and hostility can end up having anger management issues, depression, and introversion. Financial stress is another large factor to consider while analyzing the effects this conflict is having on the world. With such hostility between the two regions, the issue has actually reached the United States. Current President Donald Trump voiced his controversial opinions on the matter and caused a serious political uproar. This uproar started when Trump referred to Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. Saudi Arabia claims that Donald Trump’s statement was a huge set back in working towards peace between both the Israelis and the Palestinian’s. However, various nations have responded to Trump’s statement in disagreement. For example, Theresa May said the UK opposed Trump’s decision on Jerusalem and called it “unhelpful in terms of the prospects for peace in the region”. Trump’s statement rekindled a lot of resolved issues between the Israelis and the Palestinians seeing as how it looks as though he has taken Israel’s side in the conflict. Palestine is expressing their anger through their supporting countries and quotes all throughout the media. Hamas’s most senior political chief announced a “day of rage” as a launch pad for an “intifada of freedom for Jerusalem and the West Bank.” The reaction of a spokesman for a Gaza based organization was even more effective. According to him, Trump’s decision “opens the gates of hell,” he declared.As the news of President Donald Trump’s opinion spreads, countries reach out with their opinions. (“Today we finally acknowledge the obvious – that Jerusalem is Israel’s capital. This is nothing more or less than a recognition of reality.” That is the direct quote from Donald Trump.)With all of this conflict, the question of what is being done to prevent it has been raised. Other countries, outside of Israel and Arabic regions, particularly America, have worked hard to diminish the everlasting conflict between the Arabs and Israelis. Unfortunately, so far nothing has been successful. Many people want Gaza and the West Bank to be turned into a new country, Palestine. However, Israel won’t agree to this unless it feels safe. Israel is concerned by what will happen to Israelis who’ve settled in the West Bank and what will become of the Palestinian refugees. The Palestinians see east Jerusalem as the capital of their state. But, to the vast majority of Israeli Jews, Jerusalem is the permanent capital of the Jewish state. Through the pressure on both parties involved is very real, a peaceful partition of Palestine is obtainable. However, outside opinions are causing recurring conflict and a vast amount of miscommunication. It is important that before speaking of this topic, people become enlightened on the roots of its conflict and current status. In order to relieve this ongoing conflict, agreements need to be made between not only Israel and the Arabs, but the surrounding regions such as Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan.