In 1652, the Dutch EastIndia Company also referred to as the DEIC, set up a resupply station at Cape Town.This outpost was intended to be a refreshment outpost to supply DEIC ships ontheir way to Asia and Holland. Cape Town’s location was perfect for the DEIC toset up a resupply station because the area had fresh water that was not availablein other locations. The DEIC was not interested in expanding land but in gettinggoods. The local Khoisan people were not interested in helping the company get goods,so the company took up arms and drove the Khoisan people to move further in. Inplace of the local Khoisan people, the company relied on European farmers andAfrican slave labor to work the land that they took from the Khoisan’s. Aroundthis station the first White settlement was formed. The company’s efforts atfarming was becoming inadequate.
This forced the company to release some oftheir contracted workers. These first white farmers released from contract inSouthern Africa were given land and called Free Citizens. White immigrateswhere encouraged to settle Cape Town. The European farmer were known as Boers becauseof their Dutch background. These Boers attempted to escape the rule of thecompany by moving further into the interior. This caused the company toprohibit moving into the interior, at the same time take up more African slavelabor to farm.The racial tensions and divide between the whites and blacks gotworst by the 19th century because the British was gaining control ofthe Cape. The British took over the Cape to prevent it from falling to thehands of Napoleon.
It is stated that the British did not want to expand evenfurther into South Africa because of the risk of having wars with the Africans.They only wanted to maintain control of the Cape because it gave them access tothe see route.Moving on the 1867 where the discoveries of gold and diamondsaltered the southern African region. This discover created an immense divisionbetween the British, Boers, and Africans. South Africa now attracted the worldbecause of its valuable resources. The amount of gold and diamonds were greaterthan any amount that has ever been found in any other part of the world.Hundreds of thousands of Africans worked in the mines. They were not paid wellcompared to the work they did.
The gold and diamondmarket were profitable because they had inexpensive labor, whichwas hundreds and thousands of Africans. In the 1870s the British conquered theSouthern African state because the African labor they were using werebargaining for higher wages. This way they ensured that the workers would workin their mines with the price they established. After this Africans wheresubjected to numerous unfair laws that were enforced to keep workers cheap andworkable. This did not last long because soonafter the war occurred in from 1899 to 1902. This war foughtbetween the British and the Boers. The British knew it could not win the war,so they negotiated a political settlement and put the white community in chargeof South Africa.In 1909 the South Africa Act was written.
This act broughttogether the four separate British colonies. The country became aself-governing nation state within the British Empire. Which was not in favorof the Africans. The White electorates represented the entire population butonly counted for one-fifth of the population. This in turn worked in favor ofthe Whites and against the Africans. In 1931, South Africa’s independence wasformally recognized. The country of South Africa was more independent,but their black citizens were still stripped of their rights.
In1948 is when the apartheid years started with the National Party stepping intothe electoral platform. These laws where put into place to separate everythingfrom education to public facilities. The apartheid period lasted till February2nd, 1990 with the state president F. W. de Klerk releasing Nelson Mandelaafter being imprisoned for 27 years. The first election to be held in SouthAfrica on April 27th, 1994. The winner of thatelection was Nelson Mandela. The country of South African has a population of 55.
91 millionpeople with 79.2 percent being African. South Africa has a sex ratio of 95males per 100 females.
Which means that there are more females than males. Thebirth rate is 19.61 births per 1000 people, and the death rate is 16.99 deathsper 1000 people. The per capita income is 12,860 Rand, which is equal to 942Dollars.
The traditional beliefs of most in the South African society isthat women were not deserving of power. For example, Wives walk a few pacesbehind their husband to keep traditional practices.