In agriculture, postharvest is a crucial
stage and need very good management especially during handling, storing,
packaging and transporting processes. This is because it is the last phase of
agricultural activities from the crop production being harvested until the
produce is utilized by consumers. Thus, the growers need to have superb
knowledge and understanding on all things regarding deterioration process of
fresh produce to prevent food losses and wastes. In reality, it is impossible
to totally get rid the deterioration. The only alternative method to solve this
problem is slow down the ripening process of food produce. Therefore, our
government should play role to provide more job related to postharvest
technology. The reasons of providing more job related to this field are to
provide skillful worker in agriculture sector, can be a gold mine for young and
to reduce fresh produce losses in Malaysia.

       One of the reasons why government should
provide more job related to postharvest technology is to provide skillful
worker in agriculture sector. In The Ninth Malaysia Plan (RMK-9) we can see
that the agriculture program was focusing on modern and commercial method compared
to the traditional method where the main purpose is to enhance the ability,
income, output and competitiveness of agriculture community. This is because
the government know that skills, knowledge and use of technology play important
roles to produce high competency to agriculture extension officers.  Not to say the traditional method is not as
good as the modern one. But in order to be the top export country, Malaysia
need to focus on modern farming practices, postharvest handling, processing and
marketing to dominate this industry. Farmers and processors are facing serious problem
to deal with high cost of operations in postharvest management. Therefore, if
the government provide more job to fresh graduate student of agricultural
course all of the issues can be solved without need to hire expert from
oversea.

       Next, the reason of providing more job
related to postharvest technology is it can be a gold mine for young and in the
same time can prevent poverty especially in rural area. From the article, “The
Emergence of Contract Farming System as a Tool to Eradicates Poverty Profile of
Rural Areas In Sabah, Malaysia”, the contract-farming system that had been
implemented in Sabah brought success in eradicating the poverty in Sabah. There
are great participation when government create a conducive environment that
encourage and facilitate private sector to venture into the support services
sector especially in the agricultural sector. In this situation we can conclude
that it is not totally the fresh graduates demand in finding job make them unemployed
but there is lack of job offered out there for them. Reduced wastage during
storage reduces food and income losses for farmers. In the case of tropical
fruit, improved storage technology opens up new markets for products from
developing countries and thus creates income opportunities and reduces poverty.
Therefore, it is clear that the government’s policies and strategies for
promoting development in Sabah give economic benefits to the grower at Sabah.

       Not only that, the other reason for
government should provide more job related to this field is to reduce fresh
produce losses in Malaysia. Nowadays, the population in this world are
increasing and all of us need more food demand to handle. But much of what is
produced never makes it past the farm gate, especially in developing countries.
By preventing those losses is a way to increase food availability without
requiring additional resources or placing additional burdens on the environment.
The growing importance of environmental concerns also presents opportunities
and challenges for postharvest research. Consumers demand reductions in
pesticide use, which requires new alternative technologies for storage pest and
disease control. Thus, all these problems can be solved only if the government
take action by provide more job in this sector.

       In conclusion, government should play role
to provide more job related to postharvest technology in order to provide skillful
worker in agriculture sector, can be a gold mine for young and to reduce fresh
produce losses in Malaysia.