In 1991, the first instance of HIV/AIDS was detected in Cambodia, since then, aids rate growth had been accelerating at 2%. fortuitously , despite Cambodia’s financial condition , governmental endeavours to lessen HIV/AIDs prevalence has been largely successful, as the 2% incline has decreased to 1.6%The sex trade and exploitation is one of the primary components of the epidemic. Many sub-populations constitute a great share of those infected, unlike the general population where infection rates are relatively low, sub populations such as drug users, men who have sex men, and female or trans sex workers.By 2014, rates had decreased significantly, however in 2015 there was a sizable outbreak caused by just one unlicensed doctor sharing needles between patients.Effect of HIV/AIDs on people and other Cambodian stuff:For context, HIV is a virus that attacks the immune system. The final stage of HIV is AIDS. HIV/AIDS can be treated however there isn’t a cure yet.
It can be transmitted through unprotected sex, sharing needles, or by being born to an infected parent.General about government in Cambodia:Cambodia’s economy has been flourishing at growing rapidly in the 21st century despite its struggles with colonialism and the Khmer Rouge in the past, however, despite its growth, it still has issues with corruption and human trafficking, which the international community has urged they address.Government’s attempts:Cambodia’s government have been commended by many NGOS and other countries for their efficient and proactive mobilisation in addressing HIV AIDS. They primarily employed tactics such as strengthening medical institutions and allocating more resources towards safe sex education.
Cambodia also has the highest coverage of antiretroviral treatment in Asia, to treat those already infected. They have pledged to achieve the 90-90-90 international aim, which is, by 2020, 90% who are infected are diagnosed, 90% of the infected are receiving treatment, and that 90% of those viruses are suppressed.They also have experts and representative visit impoverished or areas with sub-populations to inform them about safe sex and provide protection.Effect:The efficient manner in which Cambodia has addressed HIV/AIDS has lead to Cambodia to be seen as a leader in the fight against the virus in the international community. Especially due to the fact that they met their 2015 millennium goal for rate reduction 5 years ahead of schedule.
Diagnosis, treatment,and reduction rates have increased exponentially In the words of a statement from UNAIDS: “Both the U.S. Government, through PEPFAR, and UNAIDS are honored to have collaborated with the Cambodian government, to achieve the amazing turnaround in the Cambodia’s AIDS epidemic.”However, many experts fear that institutional issues within Cambodia are preventing progress at a very fundamental level. Foreign Correspondent robert carmichael states that unless unless the courts stop targeting high risk groups, such as drug users, prison inmates, migrants, sex workers, and trans people, HIV AIDS will affect the marginalisedCambodia’s ministry of health has vowed to shut down all unlicensed clinics, however some are concerned that this is simply not viable because Cambodia lacks the finances to properly address corruption, which is a huge issue for the country.Tying the two issues together, a controversial piece of legislature enacted in 2008 meant that sex work has become an underground industry, hence the stigma for the sub populace is considerably worse and they are less likely to seek treatment.Cambodia is considered the most corrupt country in Asia, and frequently corruption is performed in relation to human trafficking.
Whistleblowers are provided no protection and cambodians worry that governmental attempts to stifle corruption are superficial, since little can be done until the government has the finances and infrastructure to improve it.NGO’s actions:Cambodia has the second highest quantity of NGOs in the world, after Rwanda.There is a prominent NGO in cambodia called CARITAS which aims to “end modern slavery”, and an important issue they address is HIVAIDS. They stress that unless marginalised groups are not stigmatised, government attempts are futile. In order to combat this they prioritise treatment for women and girlsHowever, NGOs and the Cambodian government have a complicated, sometiems turbulent relationship.
A lack of structural integrity within Cambodias government enables the perpetuation of these problems, as well as the commercialisation of NGOs, meaning that they become for-profit organisations, as a result the weight of some of the virtues they are advocating for may be lostConclusion:In conclusion, the Cambodian government’s extremely efficient manner in which they have stifled the HIV/AIDS epidemic is commendable and thus, they have earned a reputation as a leader for the fight against HIV in the international community. However, the problem cannot be completely eliminated as there are still instituional barriers, for example, Cambodia’s treatment of marginalised people, as well as corruption. Cambodia’s financial situation prevents these issues allieviation. NGOs are attempting to make a meaningful change however their oversaturation within the region sometimes prevents this.