this assignment, I will first describe the term ‘social deprivation’
and then explain what kind of permanent damage it causes, especially
for individuals separated from society at a very young age. In the
next section, I will describe the term ‘protective factors’ and then
explain how these factors support children to develop resilience and
provide support.

Part two, I will reflect on different areas my tutor addressed in TMA
01. After that, I will describe how I took my tutor’s suggestions for
improvement into account and how I tried to implement them.

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Describe what is meant by ‘social deprivation’ and explain it’s
potential impact on child development.

deprivation is the loss or reduction of social relationships and
social contact between a person and other humans. The individual gets
disconnected from the larger society. Many factors belong to the term
‘social deprivation’ and it may differ for every individual. These
factors prevent a person from having normal contact with other humans
and experience interactions with the society and their culture.
Experiencing social deprivation will often cause permanent damage and
influence the lives of the concerned person forever. Social
deprivation can harm the individual’s well-being, efficiency and
their personal development. Different impacts can be social exclusion
and a low social status within a community, mental illness, poverty
and poor education.

example of radical deprivation is Victor, the boy of Aveyron. (E102,
p.58-59) It is said, that Victor was abandoned in the woods when he
was around five years old. He survived till he was around eleven or
twelve years old and finally got found by other humans. Victor
belongs to the so-called ‘Feral children’. Those children grew up
while being isolated from other humans. Consequences are, that these
children differ in their social behaviour and mental state from
normal socialized children. Likewise, Victor was different. The boy
grew up without the care of other humans and survived almost seven
years on his own. This left a horrible impact on him. He was not able
to speak. With this new discovery, it is clear that Rousseau’s way of
thinking was wrong. He believed, that skills like language would
‘arise naturally if children were left on their own devices’ (E102,
p. 57) The boy of Aveyron proved this theory wrong. He also had weird
food preferences and his behaviour resembled the one of a wild
animal. Furthermore, his body was covered in scars.(E102, p.58) His
scars are only an external mark of what the child must have
experienced while being isolated from society. As seen in the example
above, social deprivation has a permanent impact on children. In the
case of Victor, being separated from humans and living isolated for
the most part of his childhood influenced his whole being and with
that his whole life. The early deprivation was the reason Victor
could not speak and never used language as a form of communication
even after people tried to include him in society.(E102, p.58) The
so-called ‘Feral child’ did grow up without using language so there
was no need for him to start useíng it now. Victor did not know how
to eat and especially what was common to eat. The reason behind this
was probably that Victor always just ate to survive and did not care
about the taste. His behaviour was comparable to that of wild animals
because he never had a father, mother or key person to show him how
to behave, how to act like a human. The social deprivation led to him
never being able to develop as a normal human being and being able to
interact normally with other people even years after he was found and
lived in a society. (E102, p.58)

the eight-year-old girl Oxana Malaya had been raised by dogs. She
behaved like a dog and even barked. However, she was able to form
some human words. But that was only because she grew up with humans
in her early years. (E102, Online activities for Chapter 3, Activity
2)The contact with humans in her early years was the crucial factor.

development plays an important role in children’s lives. It is needed
for children to develop social relationships but it is also essential
for ‘their cognitive and even physical development’. Early
deprivation has a huge impact on ‘children’s language’ and ‘their
psychological development’. (E102, p. 75, Gerhardt, 2006)

‘Scientists are in wide
agreement now that the brain doesn’t develop normally without
stimulation and social interaction’.(E102, Online activities for
Chapter 3, Activity 2)

This will lead to
long-term damages like autism. Children who experience social
deprivation between the
age of two and three years old are more likely to have a lower IQ
than younger ones. This is because ‘The
first two years of life appear to be a particularly sensitive period
for social development’. (E102, Online activities for Chapter 3,
Activity 2) Children exposed to social deprivation will most likely
keep permanent damage like autism and learning difficulties. (E102,
Online activities for Chapter 3, Activity 2)

Describe what is meant by the term ‘protective factors’ and explain
the role they play in supporting children’s development of

factors are a range of attributes which can differ for every
individual. They can help a child to stay strong and stable during a
time the child is exposed to negative or harmful situations.
Protective factors help to protect children with a traumatic past or
with negative experiences. They give a child more safety and degrade
the chance for a child to get triggered by something that reminds
them of their past.

is important to make sure that especially looked after children build
up their self-esteem. Even though some children are restricted in
some ways, there are ways to boost their confidence and help them to
develop resilience. Having a positive and stable relationship with
the family will help children to find their self-identity. Also, some
family members can be a positive and important support in their life
and can become someone they look up to. (E102, p. 133) Having a
close relationship with someone they admire can help them to develop
in the right way. Going to school and having a right to education is
essential for children. (Honey et al. (2011)) It will help them to
develop other relationships which have nothing to do with their
family. While children are forced to live with the members of their
family, they can decide with whom they want to become friends with
and it is only their own independent decision. If children are able
to find true friendship for example in school, it will be a great
support in their lives. With true friends, they can be their true
self and always have a safe point in their life to which they can
return to. Friends will listen if there are problems and boost their
confidence if it is needed. Also, making sure children are having a
goal in their life will ensure their safety and will boost their
assertiveness. If a child has a dream, it will work hard for it and
try everything to make that dream come true. While following such a
dream, it is important to ensure that a child has the right amount of
self-esteem. Setting a child little goals will help them to develop
resilience and confidence over time.

it is important to make sure these children have teachers people
around them who make sure to support children in what they do. If a
child fails at something teachers and key people have to ensure the
children that it is alright to fail sometimes in life. A child needs
to understand that everyone fails in their life at some point and
that they only grow stronger with time.

social workers take the paperwork too seriously, but some are genuine
and take time to support you. One worker acted more like a friend and
that made it easier to talk to him.’ (Tyrer et al., 2005, quoted in
Oliver, 2010, p.29)
up resilience is so important for these children. Treating children
with care and warmth will make them feel safe and loved. They have to
feel that they belong somewhere and that they are needed.
from my carers has been part of it. I keep going on about it, but you
have no idea how much they helped me.’ (Mark, quoted in Happer et
al., 2006, p.31)
positive self-esteem is a positive factor against all adversities.’
(Gilligan, 2009; Newman and Blackburn, 2002) It will help children to
handle difficult and negative situations and experiences better. With
a high self-esteem, children can process everyday experiences like
changes and losses and disruptions more easily.

is connected with perceived approval from other people who play an
important role in their lives. Self-esteem comes through mastering
problems in ‘real life situations’. If these problems are solved
successfully, it will help children to develop a stronger
self-esteem. (Happer et al., 2006)

someone has resilience, that person is able to handle negative
situations or disturbing events better than someone without
resilience. It is important for looked after children to develop
resilience in their life. Their well being already got disrupted in
the past for example through abuse or situations which are not
appropriate for children. It is important to see a child as an
individual and to integrate children in families and in school. Even
though risks are higher for children to experience negative
situations again, they will also experience protective factor and
they will help them to develop resilience.
factors are different qualities, for example, different skills and
self-esteem, relationships to family members, friends and teachers.
What’s really important is support and motivation children receive
from these relationships.

deprivation means being isolated from society from a very young age
and having little to no interactions with other humans. The person
concerned will have permanent damages that influence their whole
life. Despite having experienced disruptive situations, so-called
protective factors help children to keep thinking positive and
develop resilience. For example, having supportive teachers or family
members who support them will help them to stay strong.

1: 1655 Words

2: Reflection (500 Words)

What were the key areas of development your tutor identified as
needing to be addressed in TMA01?

tutor identified some areas which I need to improve over time. She
explained that even though I used some good points of the module
material, I actually lost track of the question and went a bit off
the main topic. I did not refer to all the key material and did not
even mention all of it, but instead, I wrote about some things who
were not needed for this assignment. She identified that I maybe
misunderstood the questions and for that reasons, my answers were not
as sharp and convenient as they were supposed to be. For the future,
I will try to always make sure to understand the questions correctly
and to make sure my answers will be more precise. She also encouraged
me to make more reflections to the module material and to use more
examples. She also suggested that the words which are used in ever
questions are used again in my answers. She emphasised, that it is
important to stay focused on the question. So using the word from the
question again in the answer will help me stay on track. She also
gave me an example so I can understand it better.

last suggestion for improvement is that I make sure to arrange each
paragraph suitable for the questions. It will not only help me to
keep focus, but it also is easier for her to read my assignment. Her
comments really helped me out and illustrated my weak points clearly
for me.

Describe how you took the developmental points identified by your
tutor into account in writing TMA02.

tried to implement all the improvement my tutor suggested in TMA01.
First I wanted to make sure that I understood the questions right and
knew before writing what is important to mention. I tried to
understand the difference between ‘describe’ and ‘explain’. I kept
focused on the questions and only wrote what seemed important to me
and made sure not to lose track like in TMA01. I referred to the key
material even though I think that this is not the case in my whole
assignment. But I tried not to leave out any important material. For
most claims I made I wanted to refer to the module material and to
mention some examples. I also tried to refer in the right way as my
tutor suggested me to. She even gave me an example below my
assessment which helped me a lot. I tried to reflect the words which
were used in the questions again in my answers to built up a clear
connection between answer and question. I hope I could structure my
answers more clearly this time. Also, in this assignment, I tried to
divide the paragraphs different than in TMA01. I separated this
assignment into more paragraphs and made sure I started a new
paragraph to describe a different aspect of the question. It helped
me to keep a survey of my work. My tutor’s suggestions for
improvement really helped me a lot. The comments were written clearly
and kind and helped me understand my mistakes.