IDEA
Individuals with Disabilities Education Act
IEP
Individualized Education Program/Plan
IFSP
Infant/Individualized Family Service Plan
LRE
Least Restrictive Environment
FAPE
Free and Appropriate Public Education
LD
Learning Disability
MR/ID
Mentally Retarded/Intellectual Disability
UDL
Universal Design for Learning
EBD/ED
Emotional/Behavior Disorder
TBI
Traumatic Brain Injury
ADHD
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
ASD
Autism Spectrum Disorder
CLD
Culturally/Linguistically Diversed
ELL
English Language Learners
CEC
Council for Exceptional Children
ADA
Americans with Disabilities Act
NCLB
No Child Left Behind
AYP
Adaquet Yearly Progress
MSA
Maryland State Assessment
HSA
High School Assessment
FARM
Free and Reduced Meals
VSC/SC
(Voluntary) State Curriculum
PBIS
Positive Behavior Intervention Support
FBA
Functional Behavior Assessment
BIP
Behavior Intervention Plan
AAC
Alternative Augmentative Communication
RtI
Response to Intervention
Speech and Language Impairment
Mild speech disorders and difficulty articulating certain speech sounds.
Learning Disability
Difficulty making adequate academic progress in school, especially in basic skills areas.
Other Health Impairments
Includes a range of health impairments that adversely affects educational performance.
Traumatic Brain Injury
Acquired a disability after birth caused by external physical force resulting in total or partial functional disability that affects educational performance.
Orthopedic Impairments
Physical limitations and may use a wheelchair.
Emotional Disturbance
Exhibit aggresive behavior and have internalized emotional disorders.

Hearing Impairment
Have some residual hearing that may be used to understand oral speech.
Deaf/Blindness
Includes students who exhibit both death and blind characteristics.
Deaf
Loss of hearing.

Autism Spectrum Disorder
Developmental disability that affects verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction. Asperger’s syndrome is a milder form.
Visual Impairment
Students who are blind and those with significant visual impairments.
Developmental Delay
Students who experience delays in physical, cognitive, communication, emotional, or adaptive environment.
Intellectual Disability
Mild impairments in intellectual and adaptive skills and those with significant impairments.
Multiple Disabilities
Disabilties in more than one area that result in significant educational needs.