Play Enables Children To Learn
-Through making personal choices-In a natural setting with real materials-Through interactions with other and materials-Positive attitudes towards learning-Engage in meaningful activities-Develop autonomy
Principles That Influence Play
-Childs motivation-Cognitive decentring-Mental representation-Develops deliberate actions
Understanding Development Helps
-Provide appropriate materials/resources-Adapt and change learning environment-Sensitive to all needs of children-Maintain positive social interaction environment-How/when interactions needed
Reasons For Differences In Children’s Play Abilities
-Developmental ability (limited ability/experience-Background experiences (limited stimulation)-Physical limitation (limited access to materials independently)-Family values (may not see importance of play)-Family expectations (focus on directed learning, child does not know how to play)-Type of disability (hinders active participation)-Social pressures (pressure to prepare child academically)
Setting The Stage For Play
-Observe interests-Materials/resources must be durable, safe, accessible, adaptable-Developmental and age appropriate-Maximize self expression, mediation and interactivity-Maximize success for children (simple to complex)-Program format must be flexible transition, routines, time to complete activities-Document success-Organization of spaces
Adaptations Of Play In Inclusive Settings
-Environmental support-Material adaptations-Simplified activities-Children’s preferences-Special equipment-Adult/peer support