Mann delves Into this through Hellebore’s Mistake, the ongoing abate of pre-Columbus populations, and also with an array of new Information and evidence that has recently come to light concerning many of these ancient collocations. With Hellebore’s mistake, Mann talks about Allan Hellebore, the doctoral student who spent the better part of two years with the Solon, a Native American group, In the Been region of Bola. He concluded that the natives were much Like primitive humans and also that they had no effect whatsoever on the environment around them.

Mann goes on to explain that this was not only incorrect, UT also that natives throughout the Americas were rich in culture and ultimately used the environment for the better. This is apparent through the use of innovations in agriculture, maize, and establishing empires spanning great distances. Now let us imagine the New World before the arrival of Columbus. What would we have seen in this new land? How many “savages” would we encounter upon our arrival and exploration? Mann goes into this full-force and acknowledges the long going debate of the Low Counters versus the High Counters.

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The Low Counters would have said that the population in the Americas was somewhere around 8. 4 million natives in the Americas, whereas the High Counters have estimated there to have been as many as 112 million. Either way, these populations would have been diminished tragically by diseases, such as smallpox, brought over by the Europeans. The rate for this has been determined to be around ninety percent. The Indians did not have any knowledge of disease and infection, so quarantining the affected was obviously not an option to prevent further spread.

The Europeans also knew what the outcome would be but did nothing to prevent it. In this manner we can say that the epidemic could not have been averted, which proved to be devastating. I tried several times to Imagine the ancient world of the Americas throughout my read. I Imagined what the typical life of a native might have been, such as an Nina, the Indian Discussant, or a member of the Elmer. Mann portrays these ancient civilizations; some as peace loving nomadic groups, others as blood shedding empires looking to add to their sign.

Whatever they may have been, they were certainly economically and politically advanced. The book tells us that we should drop the name “New World,” since It Is obviously was not new In the time when It was discovered by the Europeans. Just as many civilizations were being founded In the East, the same may be said about the West; with much more concentrated populations and Intricately established systems of government, economics, and writing and culture. Mann portrays a world that we may have a difficulty to understand.

So in 1491, Mann undoubtedly captured my Imagination as I Colane NV In Imagining teen Americas Like never Deterred. He Is a journalist who has received several rewards for his works and this one should be no exception. I have no doubt that the task in assembling this book was not an easy one for him. Nevertheless, Mann explains that he enjoyed writing this because the subject matter appealed to him immensely. I would agree with the statement that historical works such as this are purely a Joy that one must take advantage of.