About ISO International Organization for Standardization is the largest developer and publisher of International standards. It consist of 162 countries and is a network of national standards of these. It is a non-governmental organization which fill the gap between the sectors i. e. public and private. On one side, ISO members are part of the governmental structures of their own country and on other hand, some ISO members are having their roots individually in private sector. ISO is derived from the greek word “isos” which means “equal”. History:
ISO started in the year 1926 as the ISA (International Federation of the National Standardizing Associations). Its high focus was on the mechanical engineering. In 1942, it split up. But then the organization was re-organized in 1946 under the name. ISO and officially started its operations on 23rd February, 1947. Benefits: The ISO standard helps in the efficiency and safety of development, supply and manufacturing of the goods and services. It also helps in the facilitation of trade between the countries and make it go fairer. The ISO also helps in making life simple thorough giving out solution for common problem of people.
Who makes up ISO? The international organization for standardization is made up of the members who are distributed in three categories: * Member body * Correspondent member * Subscriber member 1. Member body: A member body of the international organization for standardization the a national body “most representative of standardization in its country”. So, only one body in every country is included in the membership of the international organization for standardization The member body held the responsibility: * To inform those parties in their country, that are interested in the tandardization opportunities. * To provide the country share of the financial support for ISO operations by paying the membership dues. 2. Correspondent member: A correspondent member is that organization in any country that have not yet developed the national standards activity completely. They do not take part in development of the technical and policy work but still they are informed completely regarding the work in which they are interested. 3. Subscriber member: This category has been established by ISO for those countries that have a small economy.
The members of this category pay a low membership fee that does not allow them in maintaining a contact with international standardization. ISO Structure: The ISO timeline Management and leadership standards * ISO 26000 – Social responsibility * ISO 31000 – Risk management * Management system basics * ISO 50001 – Energy management * ISO 9000 – Quality management * ISO 14000 – Environmental management Management and leadership standards The international organization of standardization the provides the requirements or guidance on the good management practices are perceived in the best known of the ISO offerings.
Many are represented on the management structure of the ISO 9001 and 14001. Also, management standards have been divided in those that can be used for the certification like ISO 9001 and ISO 14001 and in those that cannot be certified for requirements, instead provide a guidance like the ISO 26000 and the ISO 31000. ISO 26000 – Social responsibility The ISO management standard are now tied by the ISO 26000, that provides guidance on the social responsibilities. It is neither a certification standard nor does it follow the system of management model.
Thus, if any organization claims that it is certified to ISO 26000, that is false and the organizations should have this knowledge so that they could not get caught in a trap of any offers for certifying them to the international standards. What benefits can be achieved by implementing ISO 26000? The reality and perception of how an organization performs on the social responsibility may influence among the other things such as: * The reputation, * The competitive advantage, * Relationship with government, the suppliers, media, its peers, companies, community in which the firm operates and its customers. The view of owners, investors and financial community. * The productivity, commitment and employees motivation maintenance. * The ability to attract as well as retain the members, clients and customers. ISO 31000:2009 – Risk management ISO 31000 was published in the year 2009 and is being now rapidly taken up by the international markets. It adopts the aspects of a management approach, but it is do not comes under the category of certification standard. It sets the process , the framework and the principle for managing the risks applicable to any organization that may be a part of public or a private sector.
It focuses on the fact the risk have to be modified to particular needs and organizational structure. Global status: Quality and environmental management have achieved the international status and are being adapted and integrated in the global economy. It is as follows: ISO 9001:2008 – Quality management The quality management, being a provider for the need of quality management system has been established as the international implemented standard for giving the surety about the capability of quality satisfaction needs and the surety of enhancing the satisfaction of customers in the supplier-customer relationship.
ISO 9001:2008 is the standard that provides a set of standardized requirements for a quality management system, without being concerned on the organizations work, size, and whether it comes under the public or private sector. It is the standard only against which cerfication or organizations can be done. Despite the fact, that the cerfication is not required necessarily for the standard. ISO 14001:2004 – Environmental management The ISO 14001:2004 provides the necessity for the environmental management systems, assures its worldwide relevance for organizations that wish to operate in an environmentally sustainable manner.
ISO 14000 family looks at different aspect of the environmental management. The beginning two standards that are ISO 14001:2004 and ISO 14004:2004 deals with the EMS or environmental management system. The requirement for EMS are provided by the ISO 14001:2004 whereas the general guidelines for EMS are given by 14004:2004 The other guidelines and the standards in the ISO 14000 family address the particular aspects of environment which consist of * Labeling * Communication * Auditing * Performance evaluation * Life cycle analysis
Specific challenges: The ISO 9001 and ISO 140001 have have been joined in recent years by new standards based on the same generic model. It was developed in order to meet the requirements of the particular sectors or dealing with the particular challenges. It should be seen that ISO 31000 is not the certification standard, although it also adapts the aspect of management approach. Importance of ISO standards: The International Organization for Standardization is the largest developer as well as publisher of the global standards.
It is a non-governmental firm located in Geneva, Switzerland. The standards make a positive and a large contribution to many areas of our lives. ISO’s importance could be better judged by looking at the other side of the book which means the absence of standards. When an organization manufactures a product keeping in mind the predefined standards and meets the expectation of customers, most of the time it is taken for granted. On the other hand, a product is manufacture with no standards, the consumers would be focused on the bad quality and unsafe on product.
Any organization that makes either goods or services, when it meets up to the standards that are significant to its industry, it is assuring that quality , safety , efficiency, durability and environmental friendliness are being provided by that product or service. Benefits to suppliers: The businesses are benefited by the ISO standards because, with this they can easily focus on their resources when manufacturing goods and services that are globally standardized.
With having the set of international standards in the industry, the businesses are equipped in a better way for developing and offering their product and services to the international markets which recognize the same set of standard, ISO standards helps in the improvement of production by making each activity of the organization within the whole process in more efficient manner. Like manufacturing, supplying and developing. The standards are also important in developing the high-technological goods.
When technology is innovated by a business, the ISO facilitates the development of its terminology as well as computability so as to make the innovation profitable. By using the ISO, the businesses can compete with many markets over the globe or on a wide scale. Benefits to customers: Customers are benefited by the ISO standards as it safeguards the customers interest and ensure that they are purchasing reliable and a safe product or service. The standards also helps in the reduction of an environment impact of the firms operation by publishing the accepted level of radiation emission and gas, also controlling water, soil and air quality.
The ISO standards also drive the move towards a sustainable production process. The standards synchronize and give alignment in business to clean and safe production procedures by providing operational guidelines for each type of industry. Customers are also benefited when they have a wide range of choices in the products and services that are based on global standards as this also gives them the conformity of a good quality, reliability and the safety of those products and services. In addition, the customers are also benefited from the competition that takes place between the suppliers.