INTRODUCTIONWithin a year thousandsof students enter to the university. With lots of hopes. They come here tocontinue their learning, to learn essential skills to pursue a particularcareer to find a better job with a good salary, to meet new friends, to havemore independence, to experience the university life etc.
So each and everystudents that comes to our university, “University of Sri Jayewardenepura” alsohave the same hope and university too help them to a certain extend toaccomplish their goals.But the problem is allthe students here do not have the ability to get the use of these opportunitieseasily as others. We have some students with different disabilities. Such asphysical disabilities, intellectual disabilities, vision impairments, hearingproblems, mental disabilities, arms or leg handicapped etc.
These studentsshould not be discriminated and disadvantaged by the university. Universityneed to ensure some adjustments to facilitates those students. So our mainconcern through this report is to help those students with disabilities, whocould not make their voice to the society and suffering a lot because of thisproblems. In order to help thisproblem, we first gathered information about the students with disabilities bytalking with them, and also we gathered information about the facilitiesavailable here in our university by providing a questioner to some faculties.By doing all these what we hope is to point out the missing facilitiesavailable and to provide some recommendations to help these students.
So theywill get the some opportunities. As all the other students in the university. LiteraturereviewTo get the base to ourreport we went through some past researches and past paper articles about theissue. When referring to the work of previous researchers. We first found theresearch done by· UvKiran, Babasaheb Bhimroo University, Lucknow. On infrastructure facilities fordifferently abled students. A comparative study of government andNon-Government institutions. The primary goal of thatresearch was to identify the differences in infrastructure facilities andstudent’s level of satisfaction.
The result show that Non-Government institutionswere providing more infrastructure in comparison to government students fordisable students. According to their research none of the institutions havewalking aids, internal phones and two-way radio remitter facilities. Majority ofthe Government institutions have very low level 0f satisfaction regarding theavailability of facilities for disable students. Next we referred the,· Protectionof the rights of person with disabilities. Act no: 28 of 1996. Thatact was establish for the establishment of a national council for person with disabilities,for the promotion advancement and protection of rights of persons with disabilitiesin Sri Lanka.· Researchon managing the transition to university for disabled students; by Mark Taylor,Mike Baskett and Chris Wren. Purpose of that research is to examine mechanism for managing thetransition for school to university for disabled students.
There they haveoutline a number of areas that need of students with a disability. They recommendthat education infrastructure are required to make reasonable adjustment forwith a disability. · Articleon the differently abled community of Sri Lanka by Jayani Balasubramanium Thereshe has given her review and opinion about developing the facilities fordisabled people in Sri Lanka to create a positive change in the world.
Dataanalysis and recommendation Main aim of our researchis to increase the facilities in our university for disabled students. So thatthey can also achieve a great success it they are given enough support and opportunities.Since disabled people are actually differently abled people, they should alsobe given enough facilities within the university to improve their skills.
So theywill also get the opportunity and pleasure of enjoying a normal life as all theother students. We should not look at them as a burden. Instead we shouldencourage them to face their life challenges with courage. There can be differentlytypes of disabilities. Mainly we can categories in to 13 arears such as, 1.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD)2. Blind or low vision (BLV)3. Cognitive disabilities (CD)4. Deaf or hard of hearings (DHH)5. Deaf-Blind (DB)6.
Development delays (DD) Early childhoodonly7. Emotional disabilities 8. Language or speech impairment (LSI) 9. Multiple disabilities (MD)10. Other health impairments (OHI)11. Orthopedicimpairment (OI)12. Specific learning disabilities (SLD) 13. Traumatic brain injury (TBI) Belonging to one of thesewould be consider as disabled.
The main thing is we should understand thatstudents with disabilities are not different from others. But they have somespecial needs that need to be addressed carefully. According Jackie Concley(We referred google documents) there are many ways in which you can helpdisabled people. He has mainly highlighted some general rules for helpingdisables. 1. Treat them as equals We should also treat these students as equalto other because they are no exceptions. They also like to have friends, havefun and to engage in university activities as others. So we should not hesitate,and be afraid to make them participated in all the activities.
We should alwaysencourage them. 2. Ask before you help Youshould not always jump in and help those people. Because without knowing theirneed we could make a harm to them than good. So should politely ask whetherthey need any help and especially we should not offer any medical advices tothem without proper knowledge. 3. Never assume someone does or does not havea disability.
Withoutknowing the correct incident we should not call they disable. Because with the disabilitiesthey could act and feel different. Those kinds of behaviors can have an adverseeffect on them. 4. Do not stare at the disabled We not should just stare at the disabledstudents.
So then they will feel embarrassed. They also live a life as others. Simplylook at them as the way you look at others. 5. Respects and understand confidentially Wheninteracting with such people, we should be respectful in both act and words. Andwe should always protect their privacy. All these rules areapplied when dealing with such students. In general when it comes to auniversity other than all these we should ensure some special facilities forthem to help their studies.
According to our research some students tend todrop university due to lack of facilities, which is not a good sign anyway.Unless universities talksnecessary steps to improve facilities the rate of disable students dropping outthe university will increase drastically. Universities welcoming theapplication of disable students also make them responsible for adjusting. Necessaryfacilities to access the course.
If you cannot facilitate you should not admit them.If you admit you should fulfill their needs. Dataanalysis and recommendation Dataanalysis