What is the emphasis of formative evaluation?
Emphasis is on the collection and analysis of data and the revision of the instruction.

What is the purpose of one to one evaluations?
To identify and remove the most obvious errors in the instruction and to obtain initial performance indicators and reactions to the content, by the learners.
What are the three main criteria to be discovered in one to one evaluations?
1. Clarity2. Impact3. Feasibility
During one to one evaluations data collection regarding clarity of instruction refers to?
message, links, procedures. Is the overall message of the instruction being transmitted; does the instruction connect with what students are learning; are the strategy procedures appropriate to the information being learned.
During one to one evaluations what aspects of impact on the learner are of particular interest?
Attitude; how well is the instruction received and does the student feel like they can learn it; are they satisfied with the instruction; Acheivement; did they learn the materials?
During one to one evaluations data collection regarding feasibility refers to:
Learner ability; is the lesson age appropriate? Resources; are the available resources used appropriately and are they available? Time, equipment, place is appropriate.

Two critical items regarding the learner in one to one evaluations are
Connecting with the learning; establishing a rapport, and being interactive; ask and listen to what the learner is saying. Be with the learner in a calm, inviting and pleasant atmosphere.
One to one evaluation outcomes are instruction that:
contains appropriate verbiage, examples, images, etc.; yields learner attitude & acheivement; feasible for the situation and the resources.

Small group evaluations optimally include how many learners?
8-10 learners of varying abilities; high, average and low ability.
Purpose of the small group evaluations is to
1. Determine the effectiveness of changes made during 1-1 evals & identify other learning problems learners may have; AND to determine if learners can use the instruction without interacting with the instructor.
Criteria gathered during Small Group Evals are:
scores on pre & post tests; attitudes; time req’d to conduct strategy; costs & viability of delivery of the instruction in the intended environment ; attitudes of thsoe implementing or managing the instruction.
Characteristics of Learners in Small Group Evals :
Low, average & high ability; various languages; learners familiar with the delivery and not so familiar; young/inexperienced & older experienced.

Procedures for evaluation during small group eval:
Administer the materials and note any problems; Do not intervene unless necessary for equipment problems, etc.
What data is collected from learners during small group evaluations?
Learner attitude: was it interesting; did you understand what you were supposed to learn; were exercises relevant; did tests measure knowledge of the objectives?
Outcomes of small group evaluation are:
Refined instruction that should be effective with the target learners in the intended setting.
What is the purpose of Field Trial Evaluations?
To determine whether the changes made after small group eval were effective; to see if the instruction can be conducted in the intended setting.
How many learners are appropriate to have in a field trial evaluation
Approximately 30 learners who are representative of the target population; multiple tryouts may be necessary to trial various learner ablities.
What must be done if learners have been accustomed to working in a different format from the field trial strategy?
Lay the ground work and inform learners of some of the differences in the format.

What are the criteria and data collections of the field trial evaluation?
Field trials are like a final dress rehearsal. Locate and eliminate any remaining problems with the instruction; gather data on learner acheivement and attitude; instructor procedures and attitude; resources: cost, time, space, equipment
What are the procedures taken to conduct a field trial evaluation?
It is like small group but the designer only observes. A typical instructor should deliver the instruction;. Assess only the most important behaviors.
What are the outcomes of the field trial evaluations?
Effective instruction that yields desired levels of learner achievement & attitudes and that functions as intended in the learning setting.
What is the purpose of Performance Context Evaluations?

do learners sue the new skills & are they appropriate.2. What has been the impact on the organization.3.

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what suggestions do learners have to improve/change the instruction.

What are the criteria gathered during the performance context evaluation?
Company records and direct observation.
During performance context evaluations who should be the learners chosen for evals?
1-1 learners, small group and Field trial learners if possible.
How does the designer proceed to do the performance context evaluation?
Tell learners of the intention to visit them after some time in the future to discuss the instruction.
What are the outcomes of performing Performance context evaluations?
Discovery of strengths and weaknesses in the instruction; xfer of skills to performance site; degree to which the original need was reduced or eliminated.