James Watt James Watt was a Scottish inventor born January 18, 1736, in Greenock, United Kingdom. He was primarily educated at home and later attended Greenock Grammar School.
Watt continued his studies in London for a year and then returned back to Scotland. His greatest achievement was perfecting the Steam Engine. His creation propelled the Industrial Revolution and has altered our modern world for the better. The first Steam Engine was invented by Thomas Newcomen in 1712. Watt noticed some limitations in Newcomen’s engine and would later on go to perfect his model. He created a steam engine, which would work at an incredible speed and burn less fuels. Steam power is power that is applied to an engine by the force of steam. In the year 1781, James Watt got a patent on his steam engine that produced continued rotary motion with a power of 10 horsepower, which was a major improvement of Newcomen’s original engine.
Steam engines were considered one of the driving forces for the Industrial Revolution and with this it allowed for more commercial use in factories machinery. Steam also had the ability to propel boats and locomotives (a steam engine on wheels). Steam was one of the most powerful and useful tools of the 18th and 19th centuries. The importance of Watt’s invention was to create a more efficient way of powering machines.
James Watt’s life sadly came to an end on August 25, 1819, however, his legacy still, to this day, will live on. CameraThe invention of the camera has revolutionized our modern-day world. Cameras allow one to capture a visual image. Prior to the creation of the first camera, humans would draw and paint what they see however today with digital cameras being utilized more and more, one can capture a moment in an instant. Like all inventions, it has been altered and improved by multiple individuals.
A camera’s main purpose is to recorde events in a still, non moving, photo. In 1685 Johann Zahn designed the first camera, however in 1826, Joseph Nicephore was responsible for the first photographic picture to be taken. He collaborated with Louis Daguerre until Nicephore died in 1833 and Daguerre continued and evolved the process of photographs. The process started with a silver-plated copper plate, which is polished until it resembles a mirror. Next, iodine and bromine are placed with the plate in a light proof box, due to its sensitive nature. The copper plate then resembles a yellow-rose color and is transferred into the camera.
Once the plate is exposed, it is developed over hot mercury, and immersed in a solution of sodium thiosulfate and washed with distilled water. The final step to this lengthy process is to tone the copper-plate using gold chloride. For over 20 years the Daguerreotype was the most commonly used process in taking pictures. Working ConditionsThe Industrial Revolution was a crucial part in history when advancements in agriculture, manufacturing and transportation flourished. The economy was booming and people were prospering in their incomes however, not everyone was that lucky. As more and more people were moving to cities, factories were being built and these factories needed workers. There were multiple pros and cons of working in factories. Some Pros include more efficient production, cheaper prices, improved quality of life, motivations in changing the world and a major increase of job opportunities.
Wealthy individuals were mainly benefiting from the workers in these factories. However, people amongst the Lower classes worked 10 to 14 hour long days The complex machinery was extremely dangerous and had to be used cautiously.Many lower class citizens endured horrendous conditions while working at these factories. Even children worked The mining industry was more dangerous than working in factories……… Steam was an important power source during the time, but coal was needed a large amounts of quantitie to acquire fuel.
Women and children were employed in the mining industry because they were considered as cheap labor. At the time women and children were paid less than men.