Forcible Entry

 

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Question

 

1.The firefighter, after being given the name, shall remove from the apparatus, explain the use, safety, and maintenance of the following equipment:

 

a. Spanner wrench…………………(knew location)

 

(1) Uses

(2) Safety

(3) Maintenance

 

Uses:  Coupling hose,Gas shut-off, Pulling nails

Safety : Keep fingers pointed outward whenag ainst a hard surface

Maintenance: Keep clean – rust free

Forcible Entry

 

Pike Pole…………………………(knew location)

 

(1) Uses

(2) Safety

(3) Maintenance

Uses: Open ceilings,  Open partitions.

Safety: Use eye protection,Watch electric wiring, Pull down and away, Keep back to door.

Maintenance: Keep clean – rust free

 

 

Forcible Entry

 

Flathead Axe……………………….(knew location)

 

(1) Uses

(2) Safety

(3) Maintenance

Uses: Striking, Cutting.

Safety: Wear eye protection, Watch for other firefighters.

Maintenance: Oil – remove rust,Check for secure head.

Forcible Entry

 

Bolt Cutters………………………(knew location)

 

(1) Uses

(2) Safety

(3) Maintenance

Uses: Cut fences or locks.

Safety: Eye protection

Maintenance: Oil – remove rust,Check for secure head.

 

 

Forcible Entry

 

Pick Head Axe…………………(knew location)

 

(1) Uses

(2) Safety

(3) Maintenance

Uses: Opening roofs, floors, or walls.

Safety: Wear eye protection, Watch for other firefighters, Firefighter will tie off to ladder if cutting roof, Carry to close to body.

Maintenance: Oil – remove rust,Check for secure head.

 

Forcible Entry

 

K-Tool……………………………(knew location)

 

(1) Uses

(2)  Maintenance

(3) Two tools needed to be used with

Uses: Removing key tumbler from locks.

Maintenance: Oil – remove rust.

Two tools needed to be used with:  K-Tool: Halligan, Flat-headed Axe.

Forcible Entry

 

Prybar…………………………….(knew location)

 

(1) Uses

(2) Safety

(3) Maintenance

Uses: Breaking locks, Forcing doors or windows.

Safety: Don’t use as a striking tool, Wear eye protection.

Maintenance: Oil – remove rust.

;

Forcible Entry

;

Holmatro..(knew location, if available at station)

;

(1) Uses

(2) Safety

;

Uses: Opening wrecked cars,;Forcing metal doors.

Safety: Wear eye protection, The firefighter changed attachments, The firefighter checked, started, andworked tool.

;

Forcible Entry

;

Halligan Tool;;;;;;;;..(knew location)

;

(1) Uses

(2) Safety

(3) Maintenance

Uses: Breaking locks,;Forcing doors or windows.

Safety: Don’t use as a striking tool,Wear eye protection.

Maintenance: Oil – remove rust

 

The firefighter shall name three (3) methods of forcing swinging doors:

a.Remove hinges (either pins or complete hinge)

b. Prying out the lock (K-Tool)

c. Pry door away from stop (pry out bolt)

 

Forcible Entry

 

The firefighter will simulate prying open an outward swinging door by using the following four (4) steps:

 

a.  Identify whether the door swings out or in

b.  Insert either the ADZ or Fork end of the Halligan into the jamb approximately 6″ from the lock

c.  Pound the Halligan past the jamb using a flat axe or sledge

d.Pry out on the Halligan forcing the door out

Forcible Entry

 

4.The firefighter will simulate prying open an inward swinging door by using the following four (4) steps:

 

 

 

a.  Identify whether the door swings out or in

b.  Insert the Fork end of the Halligan into the jamb approximately 6″ from the lock

c.  Pound the Halligan past the jamb using a flat axe or sledge

d.  Push in on the Halligan forcing the door in

 

Forcible Entry

 

5.The firefighter will simulate prying open a door from the hinge side using the following six (6) steps:

a.  Make sure door cannot be opened by any other method (including removal of hinge pins)

b. Starting at the bottom of the door place the fork end of the Halligan in the jamb next to the hinge

c. Pound the Halligan into the jamb with a flat axe or sledge forcing the hinge to pull out from the jamb or the door

d. Repeat this procedure for the other hinges, stoppingat the top hinge

e.Make sure the attack team is ready before prying out the top hinge

f.  Remove the top hinge

Forcible Entry

 

6. The firefighter will demonstrate one of the three (3) safe ways of carrying a pick-head axe:

 

a. Blade towards ground and hand over the pick head

b. Blade in armpit with pick facing forward and covered with hand

c. Blade on side of the body near the hip with pick facing forward and covered with hand

Forcible Entry

 

7.  The firefighter will demonstrate the proper method for  carrying a pike pole when outside a structure:

 

 

 

a.Carry point toward the front and lowered

Forcible Entry

 

8.  The firefighter will describe five (5) safety precautions orprocedures to observe on forcible entry operations:

a. Watch for back draft conditions

b. Carry tools with safety in mind

c.Keep all personnel clear of area when using tools

d.Do not place tools where they may be tripped over

e.Block open doors and windows used for entry

Forcible Entry

 

9.The firefighter will describe why door control should be maintained when forcing:

 

 

 

a.So the door does not open violently possibly causing a backdraft or flashover condition

Portable Extinguishers

 

1.The firefighter shall verbally state the four (4) methods used to extinguish fire:

 

a.Removal of fuel

b. Removal of oxygen

c.Reduction of temperature

d.Inhibition of chain reaction

Portable Extinguishers

 

 

2.The firefighter will name the four (4) classifications of fires and the methods of extinguishment for each:

a.  Class A – ordinary combustibles,  Method of extinguishing – cooling

b.  Class B – flammable liquids, Method of extinguishing – smothering

c.  Class C – energized electrical, Method of extinguishing – de-energize and treat

d.  Class D – combustible metals,Method of extinguishing – special extinguishingagents like purple K, dry powder

Portable Extinguishers

 

3.The firefighter shall state four (4) materials Class A extinguishers will extinguish:

 

 

 

a.Wood

b.Paper

c. Rubber

d.Plastics

 

Portable Extinguishers

 

4.The firefighter, given these four (4) symbols, shall name the Class of fire and the color of each:

 

 

 

 

Red Square:  Class B, Flammable Liquids

Green Triangle: Class A, Ordinary Combustibles

Yellow Star: Class D, Combustible Metals

Blue Circle: Class C, Electrical Equipment

 

 

Portable Extinguishers

 

5. The firefighter shall state two (2) materials Class B extinguishers will extinguish:

 

a.Flammable liquids

b.Flammable gases

Portable Extinguishers

 

6. The firefighter shall simulate putting into operation a Class A extinguisher by the following four (4) steps:

a. Pull pin

b. Aim nozzle

c.Squeeze handle

d.Sweep nozzle back and forth at the base of the flame

 

Portable Extinguishers

 

 

7. The firefighter shall explain the numerical rating on Class A and B extinguishers and give the following examples:

 

 

 

 

a.Class A – reflects the relative effectiveness of the extinguisher.  Example:  A 4-A extinguisher will extinguish four (4) times as much fuel as 1-A extinguisher

 

b. Class B – reflects usage by a non-trained operator by square foot.  Example:  60B extinguisher will extinguish 60 square feet of flammable liquid by non-expert

 

Salvage

 

1. The firefighter will orally answer the following questions:

 

a.  Name the three (3) purposes of salvage:

 

 

 

(1)Reduce fire damage

(2)Reduce smoke damage

(3) Reduce water damage

Salvage

 

 

b.Name four (4) things overhaul consists of:

 

(1) Search for hidden fires

(2)Determine cause of fire

(3)Recognize and preserve evidence of arson

(4)Place building in safe condition

Salvage

 

 

c. Name three (3) methods of reducing smoke and water:

 

(1)Proper ventilation

(2) Arrange and cover contents

(3) Remove water as soon as possible

 

 

 

Salvage

 

2. The firefighter will demonstrate the two-man fold using the following seven (7) steps:

 

a.Cover stretched lengthwise, grasp opposite ends of cover at center grommets, pull and raise cover,shaking wrinkles out

b.Spread on ground and grasp open corners with hand nearest to corners and fold in half

c.Stretch cover tightly, removing wrinkles, and foldopen edges over the folded edge

d. One firefighter stands on one end while second firefighter on opposite end pulls and shakes wrinkles out

e.After removing wrinkles, one firefighter carries hisend to opposite end making sure edges are aligned

f. Grasp open ends and fold open ends just short of folded center fold

g.Repeat step F until done

 

Salvage

 

3.The firefighter will demonstrate the balloon throw using thefollowing six (6) steps:

a. Stretched cover along one side of object to be covered

b.Dropped edge of cover closest to the object

c. Made several accordion folds in hand that is to make the throw (closest to the object) and placedthe other hand about midway down end hem

d.Pulled cover tightly between firefighters

e.With the cover as high as firefighters could reach accordion folds were pitched or carried across object

f.  Guided into position as cover floated down over

Salvage

 

4. The firefighter, given the name of the following tools, will remove from the apparatus and give the use of the tool:

 

(1) Cover contents

(2) Route water

 

 

 

Salvage

 

b.  Scoop shovel………………….(knew location)

 

Salvage

 

c. Circuit test light……………….(knew location)

 

(1) Check electrical outlet for power

Salvage

 

d.  Smoke ejector and hanger…….(knew location)

 

Salvage

 

 

e.Carryall……………………….(knew location)

 

(1) Remove debris

 

Salvage

 

 

f. Rug runner……………………(knew location)

 

(1)Protect floor and carpet

Salvage

 

g.  Mop, bucket, and wringer……(knew location)

h.Generator and light………….(knew location)

i.  Squeegee…………………….(knew location)

 

 

 

knew Location

Salvage

 

 

5.  The firefighter shall give the purpose of the following:

 

a.  Portable sprinkler system

b.  Water vacuum

c.  Polyethylene plastic

(1) Cut off attic or floor fire

(1) Remove water 

(1)Cover contents and holes in exterior of building

Salvage

 

6. The firefighter will describe how to inspect salvage covers:

a. Over the head looking for holes

Salvage

 

 

7.The firefighter will describe the four (4) steps used to clean a salvage cover:

 

 

a. Wet – use soap if necessary

b. Brush clean

c. Rinse

d. Air dry thoroughly

 

 

 

Overhaul

 

1.The firefighter shall state the following three (3) benefits of overhaul and salvage work:

 

 

a.To determine whether the fire extended to otherareas of the building or to other buildings

b.Prevent rekindle

c.Detect and safeguard signs of arson

 

Overhaul

 

2.The firefighter shall give the name and use of the followingequipment used for overhaul:

a.Pike Pole: Opening ceiling

b. Axes: Opening walls or floors

c.Carryall: Carry debris

d.Shovels, hooks, fork: Moved baled or loose materials

Overhaul

 

 

3.The firefighter shall state the following precaution to take when using hose lines for overhaul:

a. Eliminate indiscriminate use of hose streams in order to protect the scene for investigator

 

Overhaul

 

 

4.The firefighter shall state the following rule in regard to partially burned material:

 

a.Scorched or partially burned articles may be helpfulto an investigator in determining the cause

Overhaul

 

 

5.The firefighter shall state the following five (5) areas to search when looking for hidden fires:

 

 

a.Where floor beams enter walls

b. Within walls and partitions

c. Around window sills

d. Above ceilings

e. Insulation material

 

 

 

Overhaul

 

6. The firefighter shall state the following seven (7) dangerous building conditions:

 

 

a. Weakened floors due to joists being burned away

b.Concrete that has spalled due to heat

c.Weakened steel roof members (tensile strength isaffected at about 500 degrees)

d.Walls offset due to elongation of steel roof support

e.Weakened roof trusses due to burn through of key members

f.  Mortar in wall joints opened due to excessive heat

g.Wall ties holding veneer walls melted from heat

Rescue

 

 

1.The firefighter shall demonstrate by actual performance the removal of injured persons from the immediatehazard by using the following carries and drags:

 

a.Extremities Carry

(1) One rescuer stood at the head of the victim – the second stood at the feet

(2) Rescuer at back – arms under the victim’s arms and around the chest – grasped victim’s wrist

(3)Rescuer at feet – knelt and grasped victim under knees

(4)Two rescuers then stood and carried the victim

Rescue

 

b.Dragging a Victim

(1) Placed bunker coat or blanket beside victim

(2) Rolled victim toward rescuer

(3) Gathered the material underneath

(4) Rolled the victim onto the material

(5)Straightened it out

(6)Grasped coat or blanket each side of thevictim’s head

(7);Raised head enough to clear floor

(8);Dragged victim to safety

Rescue

;

c.Helping a Victim to Walk

(1);Assisted to sitting or standing position

(2);Put one arm over the rescuer’s shoulder

(3) Secured the arm at the wrist

(4) Other arm placed around the waist

(5)Helped victim to walk

 

Rescue

 

2. The firefighter shall demonstrate using a blacked-out mask(simulating smoke), how to search a room for fire victims:

 

a.Continued in same direction as started

b.Kept in contact with walls, if hose or guideline isnot available

c.Checked center of room

d. Checked under beds

e. Used a tool to assist with search

 

Rescue

 

3.  The firefighter shall demonstrate and explain the use of a life belt:

 

 a. Demonstrated the use of life belt when climbing aerial ladders:

(1) Place life belt snugly around waist

(2)Hook was placed over rung

(3) Hook lock secure, if available

 

 

 

Rescue

 

4.Life belts should be inspected:

a.After each use

b. Weekly

 

Personal Protective Equipment

 

1.The firefighter will orally name the four (4) hazardousrespiratory conditions:

a.High heat

b. Oxygen deficiency

c. Toxic gas

d. Smoke

 

Personal Protective Equipment

 

 

2.The firefighter will state the most common poisonous fire gas:

 

a. Carbon monoxide

Personal Protective Equipment

 

3.The firefighter will list four (4) characteristics of carbon monoxide:

 

 

 

a.Odorless

b. Colorless

c.Combines 200 times faster with blood than 02

d.Found at all fires

 

Personal Protective Equipment

 

4. The firefighter will describe Buddy Breathing Procedure:

a. The person needing air will alert the donor andrequest air.

b. The donor will remove the dust cap from hisExtend-Aire block and hold it out for the recipient.

c. The receiver will then locate the donor’s block.

d. The receiver will then disconnect their hose from their Extend-Aire block and press their coupling onto the fitting of the donor’s block.

e. Tug on the hose to ensure it is properly engaged.

f.  The recipient will move to the donor’s left side, place a hand on the donor’s SCBA, and follow them out of the IDLH environment.