Jefferys, M. (2005). Growing Old in the Twentieth
Century. London: Routledge.

Yang,
W., He, A. J., Fang, L., & Mossialos, E. (2016). Financing Institutional
Long-Term Care for the Elderly in China: A Policy Evaluation of New Models.
Health Policy And Planning, 31(10), 1391-1401.

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Panday,
R., & Srivastava, P. (2017). Adjustment Among Elderly Living in Old Age
Home and Within Family Setup. Journal of Psychosocial Research, 12(1), 89-96.

References

 

 

 Showing respect for the elderly means being kind and considerate towards them and listening to them, even if you do not agree with them. It is simply a human who shows respect for another, regardless of his age. Are you doing it? Nowadays things are changing rapidly and the elderly our parents or grandparents no longer have a much larger role in the family. There is no one to listen to them, nor do their children live near them. Respect for the elderly is rapidly diminishing in society, and it is sad but true that in many families they are treated more like old furniture than as part of a family. Or they are placed in old houses or nursing homes where they spend the rest of their lives, alone and forgotten. However, it is a different case if it is done due to some medical conditions that require regular observation and treatment. The elderly must be honored and respected for all they have done for you and for society in general. Gratitude comes in many forms, and you can express it for love, kindness and simply respecting it, is not it? The old men were once young and strong. They worked hard to make a living and gave the best years of their lives to raise their children, take care of them, protect them and nourish them. Not to mention their contribution to society and the way they worked hard to make the place or organization they worked for prosper. Moreover, many of them have fought for their country so they can live. Your sacrifices can not be forgotten.     In conclusion, respect is the fundamental component of all cordial relations. If you understand the meaning of disrespect, you can better understand respect. The lack of respect is the denial of the approval or recognition of another person. Many people do not appreciate the elderly and consider them useless. But who are these elders we are talking about? An elderly person is a person who has retired and is generally over sixty-five, although this age may vary because different countries may have their own official retirement age.

Follow-up

     It would not be possible to explore the differences
of attitudes towards the care of the elderly for every culture or country. Two
cultures that stand out from Western culture: Africa and South/Southeast Asia.
These two countries are of interest because they are experiencing economic
development. We can see the care received by elders in culturally traditional parts
of the world even the changes in that care and the attitudes related to and with
the spread of modernization and industrialization. The most attention needs to
be focused directly to elder care as elders no longer have the admiration and
good care afforded them in traditional culture, but do not have admittance to
the government-funded and institutionalized care provided by more developed
countries. Many areas in South and Southeast Asia are still experiencing economic
development and are realizing it is a challenge to change from a traditional
society where there was family support and a cultural emphasis on taking care
of the elderly to a modern society that does make this a part of their values. Transformation
is taking place in some countries in this area, the family support systems for
elder care are breaking down and in other countries it is not. “A rapid ageing population
coupled with changes in family structure has brought about profound
implications to social policy in China. Although the past decade has
seen a steady increase in public funding to long-term care (LTC), the narrow financing
base and vast population have
created significant unmet demand, calling for reforms in financing.” (Yang)

     While globalization and the need for
communication add to the feeling that the world is getting smaller and the wisdom
of a unity of culture, is not true. Even inside Western civilizations, there
are misconceptions in the specifics of how the elderly are cared for. Social
policies regarding the care of the elderly vary across the globe. Even within
cultural regions, there can be a large variation. There are still areas in the
world that have a different attitude toward the treatment and care of their
society’s elders.

Increasing
globalization and social issues as to how to care for and requirements for the
elderly within society are becoming international issues rather than just local
or national ones. There is an emphasis on governments having the chief
responsibility to indorse, offer, and guarantee the access to basic social
services including the detailed needs of older persons. Also, they need to
include that there is a need to work with local authorities, nongovernment
organizations, volunteers and charitable agencies, the elderly and their
families to help in realizing these goals. Recognizing the rights of all people,
including the elderly, to understand the satisfaction of the highest possible
standard of physical and mental health. We must recognize the importance of
family, helpers, and other groups in providing care for our older people in
addition to the amenities provided by government and the necessity to reinforce
unity among generations to reassure equally approachable relationships.

                                           Worldwide Problem

     As medical developments continue to
bring about more enhancements for longevity, the quantity of elders not only in
the United States but around the world remains on the rise. According to the
United Nations, there is an upward trend on the road to lower birth and death
rates everywhere in the world. As a result, the amount of elderly people in
cultures and societies is on the rise and is predicted to continue to rise well
into the coming times. According to statistics 205 million people aged sixty
years or older. Over the first half of the worldwide population of people sixty
or older are expected to expand to the billions. Longevity is growing, since
people aged eighty years or older are the fastest growing part of the worldwide
population. The speed of aging is increasing more rapidly in emerging countries
than in advanced countries, which means that even with the other issues of financial
development, these countries will also have to rapidly deal with the problem of
their aging people. “Old age is the closing period of the life span. It is a
period when people ‘move away’ from previous more desirable periods or times of
‘usefulness’. Old age is considered as a curse being associated with
deterioration of all physical, psychological factors, isolation from social,
economic and other activities. Socially, this stage was considered as the total
of one’s lived experiences. Hence, the society offered a space of respect to
the old. In such a society, the aged were the repositories, transmitters, and
sole authorities of wisdom and knowledge. All these provided a ‘golden age’ concept
to this stage, old age. Adjustment is a process involving both mental and
behavioral responses by which an individual strives to cope with inner needs,
tensions, frustrations and conflicts and to bring harmony between these inner
demands and those imposed upon him by the world in which he lives if the
conflicts are solved to satisfy the individual needs within the tenets approved
by the society the individual is considered adjusted. Adjustments in old age
are difficult because of the limited capacity of the old, their diminishing
energy and declining mental abilities. The degree of success depends upon the
individual’s adaptability. The world will not adopt itself to the elderly, only
the elderly will have to adopt themselves to the world.” (Panday)

Growing Amounts of the Aging

     Older or elderly what constitutes old
age. Man has decided what age that should be. In the bible people live a lot
longer than we do. Have you heard the saying as old as Methuselah? Most
advanced nations have decided that the consecutive age of sixty-five years is
considered elderly. This is associated with the age that a person can receive
social security or pension benefits. There is not a general agreement on what
is to be old. Society has decided to push out the elderly. They are posing the
question as to what should be done with them and where should they live. “We consider a
model with a population consisting of earners and retired persons; elderly care is publicly provided. We
show how the externalities related to population mobility lead to an
inefficient spatial distribution of earners and retirees, and we characterize
the second-best solution. Decentralization of this solution in a fiscal
federalism structure requires the use of taxes and subsidies proportional to
the number of earners and retired persons living in the city.”

Definition of an Elderly Person

     When you reflect on elder care, you typically
think of it in terms of your own family or state. Questions of greatest concern
frequently center around topics of how to best take care of aging parents or
other family and how to best plan for your own approaching old age and the care
that may or may not be needed at that time. These topics, of course, are not limited
to the United States. Across the world, people grow old and need assistance
from family, friends, the government, or other entities to deal with varying
mental and physical abilities and increasing needs for their wellbeing or other
support to meet the activities of daily living (i.e., getting their dwelling, minor
to major housework, making meals, administering medications in the manner given
by doctor, making calls, taking care of bills). They may need assisted living
care to (take a bath, get dressed, eating, using the bathroom, getting in or
out of bed). The way these questions are responded to and how these issues
resolved regularly differ from country to country, culture to culture. “It is
generally accepted that most care, help and support in old age comes from
informal sources. An image of the family as an available and responsible source
of support has gradually replaced and earlier stereotype of the fragmented
modern family in industrial societies as unavailable and unconcerned with the
plight of its older generations.” (Jefferies)

     The greatest complication to the building
of a framework for human solidarity, which caters for every member of the
society especially the elderly, is Western independence. Have you noticed that
the number of elderly begging in our streets has risen? The drop in new birth rates and bump in long life
around the world has made the care of the elderly a worldwide concern. Advanced
countries struggle to take care of the speedily increasing population of older
adults. Though, this problem is compounded in developing countries as growth
and change bring with them major changes in culture and society. Contrary to the
modernization theory, these changes do not essentially result in a sidelining
of older people nor does every society and culture reply in the same way to the
burden between modernization and the care of the elderly. Old-style values continue
in some areas regardless of modernization, and private or government programs
may be put in place to encourage family care of the elderly.

Solidarity Framework Building

     As a young child is was taught the Ten
Commandments. Commandment number five says to “honor thy mother and father.” In
Exodus 20:12 Amplified Bible (AMP), it
states (12 “Honor (respect, obey, care
for) your father and your mother, so that your days may be prolonged in the
land the Lord your God gives you.  In this verse it says to care for, meaning to
care for thy mother and father as a part of honoring them. For generations I
have seen the elderly taken care of by family. It was customary to our family not
to place the elderly in an assisted living facility no matter how hard it was
to care for them by their family members. I witnessed my mother take on this
same feat with my Grandparents. She made sure they were taken care of with no
questions asked. My Grandparents lived to be in their nineties. They were able
to facilitate most of their daily routine by themselves. My grandmother was
still preparing small meals until she passed. My mother would make sure that
medications like eyedrops were administered correctly since they had some
vision problems. She made sure they were seen by their doctors regularly,
picked up prescriptions, did their heavy shopping and made their major meals.
At the point my grandparents thought they had become too much of a burden they
told my mother that it was okay for her to place them in assisted living if
that was what she needed to do to be less of a strain on her even though they
would prefer to remain in their home the remaining part of their life. She
assured them that she would never do such a thing, that they were her parents
and she would make sure to honor and take care of them. As a relief for her my
dad, siblings, our children and myself would take turns caring for my
grandparents. It is also a less know fact that the caregiver becomes a silent
patient because they are exerting so much of their time and energy caring for
the ill. Now that my grandparents are deceased my parents are wondering if we
will care for them or place them in an assisted living facility since we all
work full-time jobs. Well I plan to care for my parents just like my mother
cared for her parents. I may not be at the age that I feel that I will have to
have someone care for me but, I have been told by my son that he can assure and
that I can rest my mind the he will be there to take care of me and that he
will not place me in an assisted living facility. That is one of my worst fears
that I will have to go to what we call a nursing home. I think that is the fear
of most of our elderly. At some point we all must face this fear and the modern
generation must stop tossing the elderly to the side believing that they have
nothing to offer. They do have a wealth of knowledge to offer, they have seen
and endured more that we have.

 

Becoming Marginalized in Old Age: Our Perception of the Elderly