Spearman’s Two-Factor Theory of Intelligence
Catell’s Fluid and Crystallized Intelligence
Two facets: Knowledge we retain and ability to integrate new information
Sternberg’s Therory of Successful Intelligence
3 pieces:AnalyticalCreativePractical
Distributed Intelligence
Ability to use things/people/resources beyond ourselves to act more intelligently
Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences
Everyone is intelligent in different ways.Verbal/linguistic, bodily/kinesthetic, visual/spatial, interpersonal, intrapersonal, naturalistic, logical/mathematical, and musical
Giftedness
An elusive trait characterized by high achievement one of a variety of domains.
Behavioral Disorder
Intellectual Disability
A disability characterized by significant limitations in intellectual functioning and adaptive behavior.
Anxiety Disorder
A disorder which involves distressingly unpleasant and maladaptive feelings, thoughts, behaviors, and physical reactions.
Major Depressive Disorders
Mood disorders in which individuals experience at least two weeks of depressed mood or loss of interest, along with at least four additional depressive symptoms.
Autism
A developmental disorder affecting social interaction, communication, and behavior.
ADHD
A neurological condition that impairs self-regulation, leading to problems maintaining attention, inhibiting impulsive or inappropriate responses, executive control over planning, monitoring progress, and selection of strategies in working memory.
Conduct Disorder
Serious behavioral disorder that involves repeatedly and purposely violating rules or laws, the rights of others, or age-appropriate societal norms.
Specific Learning Disabilities
The largest special education category of disability served under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act