The assimilation lens emphasizes the melting pot Ideal, encouraging Individuals to sacrifice their cultural beliefs in favor of a common identity, which can help unify a diverse workplace. But it is not without risks: It can discourage creative thinking and decrease leadership diversity. . The integrations approach emphasizes merging diverse cultures, allowing companies to enact policies that foster both competency and diversity. But some employees may question the organization s motives: Is HRS trying to Improve the quality of work, or merely Justifying Its existence by creating another management Annihilative? 3. The coloration approach tries to overlook cultural differences entirely, emphasizing rewards for individual competence and achievement.
However, by not acknowledging the different cultures represented in its workforce, an organization may fail to see patterns of bias. 4. The multiculturalism approach recognizes and celebrates the diverse cultures in an organization. Companies adopting this approach often have many cultures represented on their adhering team and understand how ethnic differences can be leveraged to a competitive advantage. But there may be a tendency toward tokenism, which could lead to charges of reverse discrimination. 5.
The cultural centrist – Core, heart, focal, central. It seeks to improve welfare of their cultural group by accentuating their history and identity. They argue that institutions that are detached from the mainstream are an important ingredient to the success of their culture because they encourage culture pride and create a support network and safe environment where Intolerance and prejudice are not dally Issues. . The elitists believe In the superiority of the upper class and embrace the importance of family roots, wealth and social status.
They believe it is their destiny to perpetuate their advantages through inheritance and social ties. Lineage and innate qualities and abilities entitle some members of the culture to be advantaged within society. 7. The meritocracies believes in the individualist credo of America: If you have the abilities and work hard enough, you can compete with anyone to make your dreams come true. Meritocracies disapproves of programs that use race, culture, ethnicity, class or any cultural attributes as criteria for opportunity, believing instead in personal merit. . The seclusion’s feel strongly that they should protect themselves from racial, cultural, and/or ethic groups that diminish the character and quality of their group’s experiences within the society. They believe that only viable solutions to our societal challenges related to race and culture is for different groups to live and work apart. It Is Test Tort tenet race to remain separate Trot toner racial groups to preserve our position and control. 9. The transcendent lens focuses on the human spirit, our universal connection, and our share humanity.
The transcendent elevates our belief in each soul in relation to the divine and to one another. Race, ethnicity, and nationality are a part of God/the universe’s plan and contribute to the richness of humanity. Our common divine origin transcends racial, national, ethnic, or cultural identity. 10. The victim/caretaker sees its liberation as a crucial goal. They feel they are suffering from the generational impact from previous oppression. Therefore, they continue to deserve compensation from society and the dominant culture.
Victims/caretakers see oppression as not only historical, but also contemporary, still producing overwhelming odds for their group’s survival and prosperity. Ultimately, The 10 Lenses demonstrates that several filters are needed to create an effective workplace diversity initiative. Questionnaires help identify lenses, and the book suggests strategies for effectively implementing each. This is a useful Guide to Living as & Working with Immigrants in a Multicultural USA, not a Multicultural World. It really has little or no street-credibility outside the USA.
Eve worked for a US Fortune Company for 20 years, and in over 30 Countries. The book confesses upfront to its limitations : although the information is US-centric, Williams, Clifton & Thomas believe their concepts are universal – but they haven’t the experience to back that up. They admit they don’t know whether current observations will hold up in different cultures, or whether different cultures have different profiles with respect to the lenses. The initial research has focused on race, culture, nationality & ethnicity. In practice 90% of its focus is on race & ethnicity.
Sexual orientation is ignored, and the word ‘gay doesn’t appear until over 80% of the way wrought the book – and its only for one sentence. Consider some of the Lenses : For the Assimilation they talk about “adapting US business norms appropriately, given global norms and standards” – well Eve never met a “Global norm” – and as for being able to adapt US norms, there’s the problem – you have to reject US norms in order to get on with the outside world. The Assimilation must think about “Western cultural arrogance” – whoa – what about “US Cultural arrogance” – ask a Canadian or a Mexican or the French how they feel about US hegemony.
The Clarinetist’s talks about the “Irish, Polish & Italian Communities”, and in the name breath about the “Asian Community’ – I’m sure the “Asians” would argue they had less in common between India, Vietnam, Korea etc than those Europeans, who at least had Catholicism in common. For the Seclusion’s : “Globalization diminishes the authority of the USA” – hem, I thought everyone was rioting recently complaining that Globalization meant US hegemony? The Seclusion’s “rewards the efforts of the majority group” – Oh so such as in Apartheid-era South Africa, and a number of other inequitable Societies today?
The Transcendent options were Just not for me – according to Williams you are either Religious’ or you are ‘Spiritual’ – nothing else applies. I am neither, and quite happy thank you. I’m always made to feel uncomfortable with this aspect of US Society, and it would be good if Williams had a section on how to work with ‘agnostics’. The Elitist offered no alternatives – what about Communism or Socialism – the inequalities of US Society would not be tolerated in Scandinavia. As I say to my friends in Minneapolis, it’s a pity the wrong shipload of explorers colonized North America.
For all the talk about race, there’s no mention of working with people in mixed-race legislations or of mixed-race ethnicity – over 10% of marriages in the I-J are mixed- race, even though the ethnic minorities constitute less than 8% of the population. I find mixed-race marriages in the USA to be a tragic rarity – and why aren’t they promoted in TV programs? There were no examples of other diversities which can be Just as sensitive in Society, such as no case studies featuring Native Americans, Hindus, Moslems, Lesbians, Vegetarians or people with Physical/Mental disabilities.
The much-promoted mystical Chapter on the Eleventh Lens was a real experimented – Just some new world ‘Nirvana’ where everyone loved each other and did right by each other (l presume so long as you could still hire & fire at will). When I looked through the Bibliography, I understood; of the 86 references, only 2 of them weren’t published in the USA, and they were published in London (both looking back at the USA). You can’t write a book about a Multicultural world if you don’t read/ travel widely. Williams continually refers back to Title VII of the (US) Civil Rights Act (pity he didn’t include it as an Appendix).
It would have been nice to talk about the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights – since so much of US Society doesn’t comply with it. I recall when one of our Senior US Executives starting to spout about Affirmative Action etc at a staff meeting in Germany – he had to be told to leave or they call the Police – because his Us-speak was illegal under anti-Nazi legislation. I scored myself on the Lenses : I am Coloration, an Internationalist, Meritocracies and a Multiculturalism. Williams was (in 2001) inviting Contributors to help them develop the book for a wider audience – I’m going to volunteer to help them, because boy do they need it.