which of the following statements agree with the transactional model for learning?
views children as already having prior knowledge, comes from from the constructivist view of learning
which of the following beliefs were espoused by Rousseau?
children should be allowed to learn with freedom to be themselves
Pestalozzi supported witch of the following ideas?
children learn through manipulating objects using their senses
Froebel beliefs include?
children learn through manipulating objects in a planned environment, he especially emphasized learning through play
Dewey proposed which of the following ideas?
children learn through real life situations and play by play, a child centered education instead of teacher centered
Montessori believed?
children must learn certain skills in a set sequence, there are windows that are optimal for learning certain concepts
Piaget’s ideas supported that?
children should be active participants, self disciplined, and all children develop through the same stages
Vygotsky believed?
children need to socialize to learn, must fit learning into what they already know, lean more with peer or adult assistance
Not part of the readiness view of reading
Must reach the mental age of 6 1/2 before they can learn to read
Statement that agrees with the emergent literacy theory
it fits with whole language and basal reading programs, literacy learning is a continuous process, literacy develops best in real life situations
Not a concept about print
print is found only in books, newspaper, and magazines
Participating in dramatic play does not help children learn about print T/F
False
Viewing videotapes, computer software, films helps children learn concepts about print T/F
True
Some children enter kindergarten reading as well as 2nd graders T/F
True
Some children who enter kindergarten never hear a children s book read to them T/F
True
Teachers have an obligation to teach all children the same things and same way, so they will all be ready for first grade T/F
False
Primary grade emergent literacy program should
provide meaningful literacy experiences, enhance the students self esteem, be highly motivating
the concept of whole language includes which of the following
children bring prior knowledge to and learning experience, writing is meaningful contexts, child centered instructions, language remains whole
Not an activity you would see in a whole language classroom
literacy skills taught in isolation
with which of the principles of whole language is collaborative learning listed
language & literacy learning must be socially constructed
with which of the principles of whole language does guessing words while reading fit
all learning involves risk taking & approximation
with which of the principles of whole language does process not product fit
demonstrations, modeling, and scaffolding are all essential to learning
strategies and materials commonly used in whole language classroom include
big books, predictable books, sharing big books, labels
the shared book experience may include which of the following
jump rope chants, repeating familiar phrases, cd- roms
wordless books
help to develop oral language
with which of the strategies and materials do literacy groups and/or literacy partners fit
collaborative learning, tell me something
which of these strategies is used to help students who need help in specific areas
mini lessions
book talks may include all of the following except
retelling the whole story
which of the following can be part of thematic teaching
themes based on childrens experiences, socially interactivity, one genre of literature, social studies topics
objectives are only needed in the content areas of social studies or science when teaching thematic units T/F
False
Not a motivating unit opener
worksheets on the unit topic to familiarize the students with the topic
which of the following activities would be appropriate for finding out what the children already know about the topic
a K-W-L activity
Not listed as an advantage of using whole language concept
literacy skills taught in sequence
which of the following are listed as limitations of the whole language philosophy
teacher must be adaptable, the amount of time to implement
which one of the following is/are premise of the LEA
what i think about is important, what i can think about i can say, what i can say can be written, i can read what has been written for me
The LEA works well with ELL T/F
True
LEA should only be used in achievement as well as motivation T/F
True
the LEA should only be used with school age children T/F
False
which of the following would be highly motivating experience to write about
a class baking activity, watching a video, making a puppet
the teacher and students should discuss the LEA event using appropriate vocabulary and sequence T/F
True
which of the following should be emphasized when reading a LEA created book
one to one correspondence, left to right progression, correct grammer
LEA is the most common approach for teaching beginning reading skills to adult non-readers T/F
True
Not an advantage for the LEA
you don’t have a teacher’s manual to help sequence skills
the LEA traditionally has been the most commonly used kindergarten and primary grade reading approach T/F
False
was/were apart of the basal reader approach in the past
round robin reading, distinct grouping, independent work, related art music or games
Not apart of the contemporary basal approach
very controlled vocabulary
is/are concerns when evaluating basal readers
durable, attractive, variety of genre
is/are an advantage of the basal reader approach
sequential skill development
Systematic phonics programs teach more phonic elements and teach them earlier than other programs T/F
True
most phonics programs teach vowels first then consonants T/F
False
some phonics programs contain significant errors, so teachers must be able to analyze programs before using them T/F
True
when a whole word is broken down into its parts such as “teach/er” it is being analyzed
analytically
word such as cah-a-tuh is a analyzed
synthetically
strengths of phonics programs
children achieve higher reading test scores through 3rd grade, decode words earlier, discriminate against students with auditory discrimination problems
structured phonics programs may be especially helpful to children with learning disabilities and children with other special needs T/F
True
Most systematic phonics programs are very interesting and children enjoy them T/F
False
our author believes phonic elements and generalizations are taught best in whole language or a basal reading program T/F
True
once a teacher has developed a balanced literacy program it works from year to year and class to class T/F
False
Not a part of preschool literacy program
formal instruction of the ABC’s and their sounds
the LEA stresses all of the language arts and is highly motivating to children T/F
True
informal reading skill development should take place in kindergarten but no formal phonics programs should be used T/F
True
the optimum approach for 1st 2nd and 3rd grades includes whole language activities and thematic units along with phonics such as found in basal programs T/F
True
about how much time is spent each day in literacy development situations in the sample daily schedule
over 2 1/2 hours