Land Grant College
– Originally, an agricultural college established as a result of the 1862 Morrill Act that gave states large amounts of federal land that could be sold to raise money for education
Latino
American who has come to the United States from or is descended from people who came from Latin America or Spain
Lease
To hand over property in return for rent
Levee
High walls or an embankment to prevent flooding in low-lying areas
Literacy Test
A method used to prevent African Americans from voting by requiring prospective voters to read and write at a specified level
Long Drive
The herding of cattle for 1,000 miles or more to meet the railroad
Lynching
Putting to death a person by the illegal action of a mob
Martial Law
The law applied by military forces in occupied territory or in an emergency
Mass Media
Types of communication that reach large numbers of people, such as newspapers, radio, and television
Mass production
The production of large quantities of goods using machinery and often an assembly line
Materialism
Attaching too much importance to physical possessions and comforts
Medicaid
A social program that gives the states money to help those who cannot afford to pay for their hospital bills
Medicare
a social program that helps pay for the elderly
Merger
The combining of two or more businesses into one
Migrant Worker
A person who moves from place to place to find work harvesting fruits and vegetables
Militarism
A building up of military strength within a country
Mobilization
Gathering resources and preparing for war
Model T
America’s first mass production car made by the Ford Motor Company
Monopoly
Total control of a type of industry by one person or one company
Muckraker
A journalist who uncovers abuses and corruption in a society
Napalm
An explosive material dropped from planes during the Vietnam
National Grange
The first farmers’ organization in the United States
Nationalism
Intense loyalty to one’s nation or group and promotion of its interests above all others
National Self-Determination
The right of people to decide how they should be governed
Nativism
The belief that those born in a country are superior to immigrants
Oligopoly
market in which a few large companies control prices for an industry
Override
To return or defeat, as a bill proposed in congress