Metaparadigm ConceptsAccordingto Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, metaparadigm is “a setof concepts and propositions that sets forth the phenomena with which adiscipline is concerned. A metaparadigm is the most general statement of adiscipline and functions as a framework in which the more restricted structuresof conceptual models develop” (Metaparadigm, n.d).
It can be referred to as thebig picture viewpoint of the nursing discipline. Concepts and nursing theoriesare interrelated concepts beginning with metaparadigms as the most broad basedand continuing on to definable concepts and theories that may focus on detailednursing practices. Overall, there are four major concepts of significance thatcomprise a nursing metaparadigm. These four concepts are “person, health,nursing and environment” (Thompson, 2017). Major ConceptsAllpeople have varying viewpoints and therefore a nursing theorist’s personalworld viewpoint influences their nursing theory. Dr.
Watson’s nursing theory speaksto each major concept (Thompson, 2017). This transpersonal caring philosophy (personconcept) recognizes the unifying lifeforce connections that moves among us all,from the world to our local communities to interpersonal and our own individuallives. That nursing science is a caring science (Watson, 2017). For the healthconcept, Dr. Watson’s viewpoint is that when the mind, body and soul are inharmony and unity – a state of health is attained. The science of nursing (nursingconcept) relates to all persons and their disease processes and health examinedand mediated by nursing care. Society provides a framework for the communitieswe live in.
Caring and therefore nursing has always inhabited each community(environment concept). Giving and caring are not genetic traits, it is conveyedthrough the nursing profession to grapple with society and our environments(Wayne, 2017).Major PropositionsClinicalnurses are drawn to Watson’s theory of human caring.
Her model of caringscience for nurses is very pragmatic (The Caritas Processes as a Guide TowardCaring Intentions, 2016). Dr. Watson feels nurses caring for each humanindividual has ten specific caring needs that should address in our roles ascaregivers. As Dr. Watson continued her focus on nursing and continuededucation she advanced her theory to form the 10 carative factors or theCaritas Processes (Wayne, 2017). TheCaritas ProcessesTheten parts of this process are: Cultivation of sensitivity to yourself and othersthrough calmness, compassion and kindness. Being fully present in each momentto cultivate faith and hope; honoring authenticity and individuality in selfand others.
Being perceptive and receptive to oneself and those around us byhonoring and encouraging self-realization and spirituality. Focusing on theestablishment of trusting and caring sustainable relationships. Being presentand open to hearing another person’s feelings – negative and positive. Beingopen to exploring solutions through non-judgmental caring and honoring thehealing arts.
Inviting mutual learning, teaching and caring while honoringindividuality through coaching towards wellness. Creating and fostering anenvironment of healing in every way and aspect. Reverently cultivating humandignity while assisting with basic sacred acts of caring through touch andspirit.
Being open to unknown miracles and the mysteries of the human body,mind and spirit (Watson, J., 2017). Dr. Watson recognized the non-technical and fluid models ofhuman caring, love and carative factors elemental to nursing.
Interestingly,the simple yet profound concepts can be difficult methods to implement. Yetworking through and experiencing the Caritas Processes will add value andunderstanding in the nurse/patient relationship (Wayne, 2017).