Michael Faculty’s theory of power relations and to present how helpful Is this concept In understanding family life. Power could generally be viewed as a certain degree of control that some individuals may have over others and it can manifest itself In many different ways. Whether we are aware of It or not, most of us are being subjected to various shapes and forms of power on everyday basis and we usually tend to accept it as a natural occurrence and a fact of life.
So far many Ideologies and theories of power have been developed by various winkers who have made attempts to Introduce different views of what power Is, how it is created and how it works. Below is an example of one such ideology, which was put forward by Michael Faculty, a French philosopher, whose concept of power has become well known and established amongst social scientists. Faculty’s concept of power is not a straightforward notion. According to Faculty, power is not simply something that is exercised over others, but instead is passing indirectly through the hands of the powerful as well as the powerless.
In Faculty’s view, power Is never possessed by one person. People do not have power Implicitly. It is not a fixed quantity of physical force but instead a stream of energy flowing through all aspects of society. Power does not show itself in any obvious way but seeks to establish order by working on peoples’ actions and beliefs. For Faculty, power Is located neither In human subjects nor In social Institutions but Is diffused throughout society.
For Instance, according to Faculty, power of the Institution does not pass from the top down but instead circulates through organizational practices, which provoke certain actions and deny others. In Faculty’s view, compliance is also a complex matter. It depends on Individuals’ willingness to Internalize with the system of beliefs, Ideas, practices or values that they have been presented with. Faculty’s account of power suggests that even though we are not restricted by power in any way and can use our free will to make choices about our actions, we still choose to constrain our behavior because we know what Is expected of us.
According to Faculty. Those unstated presumptions and expectations ensure compliance. A good illustration of this could be a family household, where ideas of hat is and is not appropriate, rule our daily lives. The family is one of the smallest and most intimate social institutions, which in the post-war period had been perceived as a predictable, fixed and stable establishment and which has been subjected to many significant changes and uncertainties since then.
In the post-war period, the idea of a nuclear family, which consisted of wife, husband and dependent children, was ordering the “healthy” society (G. Hughes, Ordering Lives). Expectations of family life back In those days were that marriages were for life, fathers and cabanas were the breadwinners responsible for looking after their partners and children, and women’s place was in the home caring for children and households. OFF n parents were seen as contributing to Tamely Tie, out essentially tenet roles Ana contributions were seen as different. Men were perceived as the head of households and having the greatest authority and power, whereas women and children were seen as dependent on men and having considerably less influence and control over the family life. The major changes over the post-war period are associated with new different arrangements, which are now possible.
The institution of marriage is no longer perceived as fixed and permanent but rather as flexible and changing and the expectations of the parental roles have also been modified and such changes, in Faculty’s view, are possible thanks to the circulation of power. Faculty’s concept of power relations is one of many and it would undoubtedly be a mistake to claim that this account is better than others. However, one truth about his theory can certainly be stated – his approach has offered us a valuable insight and a fascinating perspective from which to view the phenomenon of power.