Allusion

a brief reference to another work, person, event, or place, often from myth or religion 
Conflict 

the problem or struggle facing the main characters and driving the plot of a story 
Context

the information or situation surrounding a word, passage or event that help to clarify its meaning 
Dynamic

characterized by change or development 
Figurative

a non-literal use of words and images 
Foil
 a character serving to contrast and highlight certain qualities in another character  
Hyperbole 

exaggeration or overstatement used for sensational effect, or to emphasize a point

Irony

When what is said, or happens, is just what would not be expected 
Juxtaposition

to place close together to emphasize the similar or contrasting qualities 
Lyric

expressing a writer’s emotions

Metaphor ;

a figure of speech in which a comparison is made by analogy, without using like or as;
Narrative

;tells a story; a written account of connected events

Narrator

;the person, character or entity who tells the story

Personification;

giving human or life-like characteristics to non-human entities

Propaganda;

Media used to influence people’s opinions and actions

Satire

The literary art of ridiculing human flaws, foolishness or immorality in order to expose or correct it.  

Simile

a figure of speech, using the word like or as, to make a direct comparison of two things 
Speaker 

the narrator of a poem

Stanza 

 a division of lines in poetry, comparable to the paragraph in prose 

Static

 characterized by lack of change or movement

Symbolism

when one thing stands for or represents another thing or idea

Theme 

a topic, major idea or focusing question that carries throughout a literary work

Thesis

a theory or statement of opinion 
Tone

the attitude a writer or speaker takes towards a subject or character