National security is a pragmatic approachensuring the sense of peace and security in the society. The security patterns of any country are importantbecause they secure one’s nationhood and prepare the nation to face externalravels, international actors and regional fellows while securing it’s owninterest and integrity. It is the profound sense of sovereignty, nationhood andserenity which guarantees safety of oneself. Whereas for Pakistan National security is andhas been a major concern since its being. Pakistanis facing interlinked challenges both internal and external; igniting as aprime threat to it’s sovereignty and security. As faras internal challenges are concerned, internal issues consist of sectarianism,religious extremism, fragile institutions, corrupt dignitaries, bad governance,weak economy and many more. The main challenges to Pakistan’s security aremilitancy and extremism.
In the context of external threats the main treat toPakistan is the non-cooperative neighborhood. Moreover, the relations ofPakistan with Afghanistan, India and Iran are creating hostility for Pakistan.Adding icing on the cake is the threat of ‘War on Terror’: it has caused aserious security threat for Pakistan. Hence it would not be wrong to say thatPakistan has been yoked among international and regional hostile politics anddiplomacies. The international pressures on Pakistanstart rising after 9/11 and afterwards Pakistan was highlighted and victimized as aterrorist nation round the globe. As a consequence of that Pakistan is still facingvarious kinds of threats; both traditional and non-traditional such asextremism, sectarian violence, separatist movements, political and economicinstability, terrorism, and feudalism are the traditional internal threatslinked with external factors. These activities are actually externallyadministered and directed but are veiled under the hue of sectarianism, civilwar, militancy and so on. Actually every small happening is to obscure the bighappening.
Various security agencies like Black Water, CIA, Raw and many other ofdifferent countries are trying their effort best to damage and harm the peaceof Pakistan. These agencies showcase the incidents as the problem and threat tosecurity rising from ‘Within’ but in actual these agencies are controlling suchhappenings. Pakistan is blessed to have such an idealistic geo-strategic locationwith bounteous of hidden resources and sea; but instead of enjoying thedifferentiation Pakistan is being a puppet in the hands of others and everybodywants to use it for their benefits. Pakistan is like aninternational playground for the big powers and it lies as the central pointfor all as being on crossroad, due to which the diplomatic conditions are atstake all the time.
America uses Pakistan against USSR in Afghanistan and left Pakistanbare footed when her interests ended up, because she was having no bones to bepicked by Pakistan then. And then instead ofappraisal remark a remark given was of: ‘Do More’. Foreign players arevirtually a rider clause in each case. Pakistan had a hard luck with the neighborhood as relationships of Indiaand Pakistan have never been harmonious and has caused a main threat tonational security. Hence so far India has fought three major fights on boardwith Pakistan since 1947 but Kashmir has been a permanent bone of condemn amongtwo, which never allows a harmony among these two countries. India has attackedmany a times on Pakistan’s LOC’s and has left no stone unturned to shake ournational security, but yet it failed to get remarkable achievement.
After theBJP’s Government the situation has settled a bit but yet a cold war situationis still there, and the two are playing chess game with one another. The last year visit of Obama to India and theirNuclear Deal 2015 has shaken the regional security apparatus, posing anotherSecurity threat to Pakistan’s National Security. Looking into the countries internal security conditions and threats thefirst point to ponder is its division of states and provinces.
FATA isstrategically one of the most important parts of the country, where suchsecurity breaching activities are happening daily and external agencies havemake it as a hub for them. As FATA is bordering with many LOC’s and also has aseparate form of government so it flourishes all types of terrorist agencies. Theseterrorists are continuously challenging the internal security of the state.
Theterritorial integrity is being much affected. These agencies are jeopardizingthe security controls of the country, there are also proven evidences of theforeign involvement in these activities. Domestic attacks in the country likeAPS Peshawar attack and Bacha Khan University attack have caused a severeunrest among public and raised hues and cries in the country causing seriousthreat to National Security. Along with FATA, the terrorist activities in Baluchistan and NorthWaziristan are major threats to Pakistan’s National Security. Asper the statement of foreign office these activities are directed by theforeign players who are using our people against our people. The specialinvolvement of our eastern fellows was declared.
Separatist movements in Baluchistanand Sindh added by sectarian violence are incredible threats to Pakistan’s National Security. Particularly, theSunni-Shia conflict has crossed the threshold and has set the metropolitancities on fire. Thus all the happenings were enwrapped in a slogan of religiousextremism, and again the main players were hidden. With no obscurity, it is themost hazardous threat to Pakistan’s integrity after terrorism. In such situation controlling the national securityconditions has been a provoking challenge; countering the sensitivity of thesituation and controlling it the ex-army chief General Raheel Sharif with hiscabinet took the decision of doing operation to remove such militant groups andterrorists, Operation Zarb-e-Azb and Operation Rad-ul-Fassad haveplayed a pivotal role in countering the terrorism and securing the rising civilwar condition.
In Pakistan security situations have been likea roller coaster ride always not so easy to tackle.In Pakistani context, the serious national issues comprises of nationaland international security threats. There is a widespread opinion thatcurrently the national security challenges to Pakistan primarily comes from”within”.