Tells the Topic of the Text
Table of Contents
Tells us what the major chapters of the book will be about and where they are
Headings and Subheadings
Tells us what the major sections of a chapter will be about
Captions and Labels
Tells us what pictures, diagrams, and graphs are showing us
Bold Key Words
Tells us important vocabulary words
Tells us where we can find specific information on topics in the book
Gives definitions for important vocabulary words in the text
Organizes and gives a visual representation of information containing numbers.
Shows the parts of something.

May include labels, arrows pointing to parts, etc.

Organizes information for comparison
Shows locations, routes, events
Time Line
Shows when things happen in a chronological order
Map Legend
Explains the meanings of the colors and symbols on a map