Nowadays individuals think that wildlife
trafficking is not a big problem. Wildlife trafficking is the fourth largest organised
crime activity after narcotics, human trafficking and weapons (Brown,2017). According
to Dato’ Dr Dionysius Sharma the CEO of WWF-Malaysia, he says that the
increasing demand for exotic animals is being affected by factors such as
avarice, traditional medicine, which is not medically proven and cultural
reasons which have contributed to the massive increase of wildlife crimes
and trafficking. In 2016 the value of the wildlife trafficking business
according to United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) is about USD 10
to 23 billion a year (“The Dark Reality of the Illegal Wildlife Trade”, 2017).

Malaysia is one of the
well-known transit point and hub for illegal trafficking of endangered
wildlife, their body parts as well as the products which are made from them
among the Southeast Asian countries in which the contraband such as rhino
horns, pangolin scales is very developed. The efficient and well-developed
ports of Malaysia which ranks in the top elite ports of the world makes it easy
to smuggle wildlife and their body parts. From the period of January 2003 to
February 2013 there were a total of 19 seizures which are almost close to 15
tonnes of ivory (Krishnasamy, 2016). According to Rozanna Latiff (2017), ivory
tusks and pangolin scales worth close to USD 1 million have been seized by
Malaysian police. Also, in the cargo warehouse of the Kuala Lumpur
international airport 23 ivory tusks weighing about 76kg has been found. After
few days, the pangolin scales worth 3.9 million ringgits were found in the same
cargo warehouse. Pangolin scales is considered as one of the most contrabands
in the world, as they are being used in traditional medicine.

In order to, achieve zero pouching for
Malaysia, it is very crucial for all multinational and multi-agencies
collaborate and work together. Only through collaborative action and timely
communication between consumer and source countries will produce positive
results in fighting against wildlife crime. This also includes educating the
consumers, who create the demand for this in the first place. In 2011 such approaches have been effective, Malaysian
authorities at Penang Port have found two containers containing elephant tusks which
were on the way to Port Klang. Through the collective action and well-timed
communication between the African and Malaysian authorities resulted in the
successful seizure of 675 elephant tusks, which were on the way to Chinese
market. The tusks were hidden in 92 plastic bags, placed in the middle of a
container, and surrounded by recycled crushed plastic.  Similarly, intelligence led collaborations
have spurred successful investigations that stand behind a vast number of other
seizures that have occurred globally, including in China, the country with the
world’s largest ivory market. According to WWF-Malaysia, its strongly
urges all Malaysians to be more vigilant and be aware of the seriousness of
this crime.