Official name: Republic of Colombia (Spanish: República de Colombia) National flag: Demographics: · Population :47,698,524 · Racial composition: Mestizo and white 84.
2%, Afro-Colombian 10.4%, Amerindian 3.4%, Romani <.01, unspecified 2.1% · Religions: Roman Catholic 79%, Protestant 14%, other 2%, unspecified 5% · Official language: Spanish Government: · President: Juan Manuel Santos · Prime minister: Stefan Löfven · Type of government: Presidential republic · Decision making body: Congress Economics: · Main contributors: agriculture, industry, services, energy · Major imports: industrial equipment, chemicals, paper products, fuels · Major exports: petroleum, coal, emeralds, coffee, nickel, cut flowers, bananas, apparel · Main trading partners: United States, China, Mexico, Brazil, Germany, Canada Less economically developed Infrastructure: · Transportation: Bad transport infrastructure, poorly maintained roads and inefficient public transport. · Communications: Morden telephone system, around 60% of population has internet. However, infrastructure remains bad in rural areas. · Sanitation: Clean water and sewage coverage is accessible to almost all of the city, and about 70% of those in rural areas have potable water and sewage pipelines.
Wastewater is mostly left untreated due to lack of basic treatment facilities. Culture: · Music: Colombia has 3 types of music, namely Cumbia, Vallenato and Llanera, all of which are well known internationally · Traditions: Colombian handicraft is world renowned. Much of Colombian culture is influenced by Spanish culture. · Food: Bandeja Paisa, Tamales, Sudado De Pollo, · Sports: Footbal and cycling are the most popular sports, and Tejo is its national sport.
Other Colombian sports include Rana and Chaza. Geography: · Location: Northern South America, bordering the Caribbean Sea · Important neighbours: United states, Brazil, Venezuela, Peru · Unique geography: Only South American country with coastlines on both the North Pacific Ocean and Caribbean Sea 3 relevant points to topic 1: · As many as 50000 Colombian women are trafficked into prostitution each year · The Government fully complies with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking in persons. Despite this, U.S. State Department’s Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons placed the country in “Tier 1” in 2017.
· In December 2006, UNODC Colombia received a UN21 Commendation award for its anti-human trafficking activities 3 relevant points to topic 2: · 1 in 10 Colombians are internally displaced due to armed conflict, and require humanitarian aid. · From 2002 to May 2009, nearly 200,000 murders were committed by illegal armed groups. · Colombia is included in the European Commission’s list of forgotten crises – a serious humanitarian crisis whose people receive insufficient international aid.