I have chosen 12 year old Lisa as the transplant recipient for the heart we received today. This decision was a result of utilitarian ethics, which bases decisions off of the consequences, and looks for the result that would make everyone equally happy.
Candidate Jerry, who is 55 years old, has lived a somewhat long life and has had the opportunity to experience what it feels like to have a family of his own. Even if he received the transplant, other disease or illness may come, due to his age, which in a sense would not be the most effective use of a good heart. Whereas Lisa, has lived her whole life with illness, hasn’t had the opportunity to experience life without illness, and without living a normal childhood.
Ozzy, a 38 year old male, who happens to be homeless, along with a being a drug abuser, is another possible candidate for the heart transplant surgery. The surgery could be beneficial by giving Ozzy another chance at life, and the ability to sober up and live a healthy viable life. However, with Ozzy being homeless, and a drug abuser, after surgery he may not have that stable environment that could prevent him from infection, sickness, and back to being on the streets.
The last candidate is Lisa’s father, 35 years old Dr. Joe, who is an oncologists. Dr Joe, would benefit from the surgery, because he is a doctor his self, and giving him the transplant, would allow him to live life as a doctor and give back to society. This would also allow him the change to be a father to Lisa while she is alive, and he might be able to have other kids down the line. However, being though, his daughter is also in need for a heart transplant, any father, would opt to save his daughter’s life over their own; and that decision would make him the happiest in life.
To come to this conclusion applying the knowledge I have learned from J.S. Mills, would mean, I have looked at all candidates, and have determined which one would produce the happiest consequence for all. Assuming I have told all the candidates about each other, and their personal lives or conditions, I could almost guarantee all would choose to give the heart to Lisa over themselves, since she is the youngest, and hasn’t had a chance at life. In this present situation, Lisa would be the most viable candidate for this procedure, because the outcome would allow for her to live a healthier longer life, and use the new heart to the fullest potential.
Kant believed if we made a right decision, then we should be able to use the result of this decisions universally. In this case since Lisa was chosen as the candidate, then Kant would always believe we should chose the youngest candidate in similar situations.