Organ donation could refer to the removal of the tissues from a human body that is either dead or living so that they can be transplanted. This is done to people of all ages and the procedure used is the surgery. The popularity of donations differs from one country to the other where by different countries allows or refuse donors to donate organs. The organs that could be procured include; the heart, kidneys, lungs, liver, skin, intestines.
For these to be donated, they are either procured from a brain dead donor or a donor where a family has given consent of donating. This is done after a cardiac death a process known as non-heart beat donation. Other tissues that could also be procured after death include femoral veins, great saphenous veins, small saphenous veins, bones, corneas, tendons, pericardium, and the sclera. Organs which are donated by donors who are living, may include, pancreases, kidneys, and parts of the liver.
The organs donation has been controversial whereby different groups and individuals have pointed some positive and negative effects and aspects of the issue. This paper focus on both the impacts of organs donation, misconceptions and the recommendations to ensure it is done effectively. The operation of the organ transplants is physically risky both to donor’s and the recipient’s health. Because the exercise involves surgery in both parties, body tissues are destroyed especially if not done by professionally qualified and experienced doctors.
Problems associated with poor surgery may result to the death of the donor or the recipient. Poor surgery could also result to future health complications. Tissue damage may result to severe pains to the wounds especially where deep cuts were made on the body. If the screening of the donor is also not perfumed well may lead to the transmission of diseases and other ailments for instance where the virus like H. I. V aids has not been detected in the donors body during screening.
Donation of organs can therefore lead to other diseases to the recipient of the organ if it is done without care. Other complications that may arise, is when the donor may be diabetic. If a donor gives diabetic recipient an organ, it may lead to problems in the healing of the wounds that result from the surgery during transplant (Thomas, 2009). It may also be an expensive affair depending on the organ to be donated and the donor and therefore the whole process may be too expensive.
If the donor is closely related to the patient it might not be expensive compared to when some one is donating for money. According to Thomas (2009), it is said that the prices for the organs range from $500-$5000 depending on the local laws how ever there is financial exploitation whereby the donor overcharges the recipients because he/she would have no choice. The fact that the patient may be desperate and looking for a chance to live, they may end up paying the amount asked though high.
Other cases where there has been financial exploitation in organs donation is whereby the amount agreed upon for the exercise is not paid to the donor; there are also cases where if organs are donated before the payment has been paid, the recipient does not get the agreed amount. (Childress J. F. 2007) Ethically, organ donation has been criticized in some ways especially where fetuses are killed so that they can donate cells in the events where there is no match.
For instance in blood leukemia cancer, foetus may be crashed so that a patient may get stem cell leading to the death of an innocent human beings. However, there is a positive side of organs donations which are beneficial and might outweigh the negative side. Organ transplant is only done to a person whose life has been at the risk the reason for this is because the organs of the patients may be but not completely damaged. In an event where there is perfect match of the organs, someone is given a chance to live where otherwise that person would have died. (Childress J. F. 2007).