OverviewGastritis is inflammation of the gastric mucosa, it could beacute or chronic. It is caused by conditions like infection especiallyhelicobacter pylori, drugs like NSAIDS and other lifestyle modifications(Smoking and excessive alcohol intake. The definitive diagnosis is by endoscopy. Treatment dependson the actual cause in which either antibiotics or anti suppression drugs couldbe given. What is gastritis?Gastritis is an inflammation of the lining of the stomach. Thelining of the stomach which serve a protective function could be acutely orseverely inflamed. When acute it’s a sudden onset, while chronic is symptomspresenting for a long period of time.
Symptoms of gastritisGastritis could present in a mild or severe form. Some peoplewilt gastritis have mild o no symptoms at all. Both forms of gastritis couldpresent as listed below:· Indigestion· Abdominalpain· Nausea· Vomiting,and· Occasionally,belching, bloating, loss of appetite and indigestion.· Blacktarry stool What causes gastritis?Exposure to certain substances and medical condition can predisposeyou to having gastritis. Below are some listed:· DrugsLong term use of NSAIDS,Corticosteroids could cause irritation to the stomach leading to gastritis byaffecting the key substance in the stomach lining.
· Alcohol AbuseDrinking a lot of alcohol couldexpose the stomach lining to digestive juice due to the erosion/irritationcaused by the excessive alcohol intake · Having major surgery Surgeries carried out on the liningof the stomach (Partial gastrectomy) could also affect the stomach linings dueto post-surgical inflammation or adhesions thus exposing the linings todigestive juice(Acidic) · InfectionInfections like bacteria, viral andparasitic infections could irritate the linings of the stomach causing erosion · Helicobacter pylori infectionThis is a bacterial infection causedby helicobacter pylori organism. Which could be acquired or inherited. Acquiredcould be caused by lifestyle modification like smoking and drinking alcohol. So,overgrowth of helicobacter pylori could cause irritation of the stomach linings. How is gastritis diagnosed?Gastritis could be diagnosed by:· Good history taking: Where the doctor asks about your symptomsand ask for family history. This is accompanied with checking for signs which isthe physical examination· Diagnostic tests:1. The physician may also recommend a breath,stool, blood to check for pylori.Your doctor will perform a physicalexam, ask about your symptoms, and ask for your family history.
They may alsorecommend a breath, blood, or stool test to check for H. pylori. 2. The doctor might also want to performan endoscopy which is a procedure that involves the use of a long tube to allowthem to view the esophagus and stomach 3. Your doctor may take a small sample,or biopsy, of the lining of the stomach if they find anything unusual during the examination. 4. Your doctor may also take X-rays ofyour digestive tract after you swallow a barium solution, which will helpdistinguish areas of concern Meals to avoid with gastritis The following foods below needs to be avoided to preventtriggers of gastritis:· Spicyfoods· Gaseousdrinks· Drinksthat contains caffeine · Fattyfoods· Friedfoods Meals to enjoy withgastritis Here are some foods which are safe to consume, if you are already diagnosedwith gastritis.
· Vegetables· Poultry· Wholegrains· Brownrice· Beans· Eggs· Nuts· Oliveoil Complications ofgastritisComplications that could arise from untreated gastritis,which could be erosive or non-erosive. If untreated, could lead to thefollowing:· Gastricbleeding which could lead to blood loss. · Seriousinflammation in the stomach that can lead to damage to the stomach linings. · Stomachand duodenum ulcer. · Peoplewith gastritis can be at risk of developing growths in the stomach which couldbe either cancerous or non-cancerous. How do I treatgastritis?The treatment of gastritis could depend on the causes.Several medications used to treat gastritis are:· Antibiotics,such as clarithromycin (Biaxin) and amoxicillin (Amoxil, Augmentin, others) ormetronidazole (Flagyl), that kills h. pylori bacteria organism.
· Medications like omeprazole (Prilosec),lansoprazole (Prevacid), rabeprazole (Aciphex), that block acid production andpromote healing. · Drugslike ranitidine (Zantac), famotidine (Pepcid), cimetidine (Tagamet HB) andnizatidine (Axid AR) that reduce acid production (Acid blockers) · Antacidslike gestid, Gascol that neutralize existing stomach acid and can provide rapidpain relief. Side effects can include constipation or diarrhea, depending onthe main ingredients.
To discuss which treatment optionswill be suitable for you CLICK HERE orcall 07007707000 How do I preventgastritis?To prevent gastritis or reoccurrences of gastritis, below arevital ways which must be adhered to: 1. Abstainingfrom irritating mealsAvoiding meals that will tend toirritate your stomach linings and cause complications will help a great deed.Example are spicy meals and Dry meals. 2. Consumeenriched nutrients foodshigh in fiber, antioxidants like vitamin C, electrolytes like magnesium andcalcium, vitamin B12, probiotics and omega-3 fatty acids can help lower inflammationand boost digestive healthYou need to take nutrients that willhelp keep the stomach lining healthy. 3. Avoidthe use of over-the counter drugs.
Abstain from self-medication usingover the counter drugs within doctor’s prescription. These drugs, when abusedcould cause damage to the linings of the stomach by irritating the stomach mucosa. 4. Regularexercise to control stress.Non – strenuous exercise is vital.Overweight could cause bloatingand acid reflux. Then, it is advised to exercise at least 30minutes severaldays a week to lose weight and helps to reduce the risk of chronic conditionslike diabetes and heart disease. When should I see mydoctor?If you stomach aches for very long time or if it occursregularly, that could be symptoms of complications.
Get medical help rightaway if any of the following occur:· Vomitingblood· fastheartbeat.· Difficultybreathing or swallowing· Drowsiness· Fainting· Confusion Gastritis could leadto bleeding in your stomach and small intestine and other signs as blackstools, vomit anything that looks like coffee grounds, or have a persistentstomachache.To seek treatment right away CLICK HERE 0r call 07007707000 now What can you do beforeappointment?Make sure you abstain from drinking gaseous drinks and eatingspicy, acidic fried or fatty meals. Adhere to you drugs and don’t stop any prescriptionsuntil your doctor instructs. CLICK HERE