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After the preliminary hearing or grand jury proceedings comes pre-trial motions and the trial. During the pre-trial, the evidence is brought up along with the testimony that will be admissible at trial. Within the trial, the outcome will display whether or not the jury will find the defendant guilty or not guilty. In order to make this happen, the prosecutor must prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant has indeed committed these crimes that they are being charged with. The judge or jury makes the final decision in determining guilt or innocence while listening to the opening, closing statements, examination and cross-examination of witnesses and jury duties. A mistrial is completed when the jury reaches a unanimous verdict. In the case of a mistrial, 

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there will either be a new jury chosen or the case will be dismissed. If the defendant is found guilty or not guilty, the court will take further proceedings to sentence the defendant.      
     Once the trials are over, in comes sentencing and the appeal. The sentencing phase of a criminal case consists of determining the appropriate punishment for the convicted defendant.
While choosing the level of crime, a lot of things are taken into account. These things include the nature and severity of the crime, history of the criminal, and the personal circumstances as well as degree of contrition by the defendant. The final step in the criminal stages would be an appeal. This is known as the individual that is convicted of the crime asks for their case to be reviewed by a higher court. If the higher court finds a flaw in the sentence or case that was put into effect, the courts may reverse the conviction or re-try the case. 
     The stages of a criminal case are often very tedious depending on how severe the crime is. From the arrest to the trial there could always be potential flaws in everything. Depending on whether the suspect actually committed the crime, a judge might punish someone who is not worthy of it. Although it is rare, it does happen. The stages of criminal cases are very specific and direct. It does take a little while but in the end, it is hoped to be worth it. The guilty gets what they deserve and the innocent get let free.