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Basic Skincare
NOTE: This is not a cure for acne or other skin issues! This is simply a guide to the most basic skincare routine, as universal as possible, and may just represent a starting point for someone who is interested in developing a more intensive routine. If you’re having issues with your skin, contact a dermatologist.

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Facial cleanser
Facial moisturizer
Facial sunscreen
Small towel

Determine Your Skin Type

If your skin become overly oily throughout the day after cleansing, and you have larger pores, you probably have oily skin.
If your skin feels tight and rough, and you don’t produce much oil, you probably have dry or dehydrated skin. They do mean different things—dry skin is in need of oil and dehydrated skin is in need of water.
If your skin generally feels balanced, with maybe a few dry or oily spots that vary through the seasons, you probably have normal or combination skin.
In addition to a basic skin type, you might also have sensitive skin, which is easily irritated by a variety of ingredients or environmental factors like the sun or hot water.


Wash your face at least once a day at night with a facial cleanser, not just a body wash or hand soap. If you have dry skin, you probably only have to rinse your face with water in the morning and properly cleanse at night, but people with oily skin may prefer to cleanse both morning and night.
If you wear makeup, use a makeup remover or an oil-based cleanser as your first step at night to make sure your face is really clean. Wearing makeup to bed is a bad habit!
Once you’ve finished cleansing, dry your face with a designated towel. Using a regular hand towel may irritate your skin due to leftover hand soap residue or other people’s germs.
Your face should feel balanced after cleansing, not too tight. If this occurs, try switching to a gentler, more hydrating cleanser.


Moisturize every time you cleanse your face. Yes, even if you have oily skin—without moisturizing, your skin will feel stripped and will overcompensate by producing even more oil.
Again, you want to find a moisturizer designed for the face. Gel-based formulas are great for people with oily skin, because they will hydrate without feeling heavy. Dry-skinned people may prefer a thicker cream formula.
You really only need one moisturizer, but you might want to have something more lightweight for day use and then something richer to sleep in.


Apply sunscreen! The sun’s rays are extremely harmful to the skin—not only does sun exposure cause wrinkles and discoloration, but you can develop skin cancer from neglecting to wear sunscreen. Even if you aren’t spending the day at the beach, if the sun is out, it’s a good idea to wear sunscreen.
The recommended amount of sunscreen for the face is a quarter of a teaspoon. Many sunscreens made for the body feel very heavy on the face and can clog pores, so opt for a specific facial sunscreen.


It takes time for your skin to get used to a routine. You will not complete all of these steps and magically look clear and glowing straight away. The only way to know if you’re doing everything right is to pay attention to your skin and how it responds to new products and practices.

Benvenuti, Nicki Z. “How Much Sunscreen Do You Need to Use on Your Face?” FutureDerm.
FutureDerm, Inc., 18 Oct. 2017. Web.

“How to Determine Your Skin Type.” Tatcha. Tatcha, LLC, n.d. Web.