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Family violence is an issue that occurs across all socioeconomic and racial/ethnic lines (M.C. Black et al, 2011). Until recently, family violence was largely shrouded by a belief in the sanctity of family privacy, including beliefs that families will act in the best interest of their members and the belief that parental rights override the rights of their children. This belief was fed into by the government’s reluctance to get involved in relationships within the family. Consequently, most incidences of family violence go unreported. Early theories of violence in the home were individualistic and often victim blaming. Some contemporary theorists view violence in the home as an irrational and pathological act that stems from mental illness, personality disorders or drug abuse. However, these theories do not explain the fact that violence is comparatively common and why some men use violence within their families but in no other context. (stats) Nevertheless, these individualistic theories still have the power to influence. For instance, many psychologists and defence lawyers introduce Battered Women’s Syndrome, which describes a pattern of domestic violence and effects of abuse on the women. Unfortunately, in many instances, Battered Women’s Syndrome unduly focuses on the pattern of psychological characteristics on the women rather than on the violence she has faced as well as the limited choices offered. (linking sentence) A survey of domestic violence data in Australia revealed that 1 in 6 women and 1 in 20 men have experienced at least one incident of violence from a current or former partner since the age of 15. (Fact Check Survey, 2016). However, ABS’s released data revealed that 80% of women and 95% of men who have experienced violence from a current partner never contacted the police (ABS, Actions Taken in Response to Partner Violence, 2012).  The most common reason for not reporting was recorded as fear of further violence from the current partner or revenge. (concluding sentence). 

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