Part 1:4.) Those who work as part of federal bureaucracies “are primarily white-collar workers performing a variety of professional, managerial, technical, service, and clerical tasks” (Losco and Baker 370). There are two types of people who work in federal bureaucracies, political appointees and civil servants. Political appointees are “The most visible federal bureaucrats, who hold the most policy-sensitive positions” (Losco and Baker 369). Civil servants are “those who maintain the everyday operation and services of the agencies” (Losco and Baker 369). Political appointees have the most influence and power, but only for short amount of time. Civil servants, on the other hand, can create a lasting change, as they have a permanent position.Part 2:One important aspect from the first video was that the Supreme Court was not very powerful when it was first created. The beginning of the video, speaking of the Supreme Court, says, “Today it is the most powerful court in the land, but it didn’t start out that way” (The Supreme Court: One Nation Under Law 0:00:13-0:00:16). In the early days of the Supreme Court, few people wanted to be justices. It was dangerous, and the court was almost insignificant. In fact, “The principle of judicial review is not written anywhere in the Constitution” (Losco and Baker 395). The purpose and power of the Supreme Court today, is not even directly written into the Constitution.Another significant point of this video was the impact John Marshall had on the Supreme Court. One expert said, “Part of the genius of John Marshall, is that in a very real sense, he invented the Supreme Court” (The Supreme Court: One Nation Under Law 0:03:50-003:58). Without John Marshall, the Supreme Court would not have the power to interpret the Constitution, now its chief power and purpose.The most significant aspect of the first video is its discussion of the role the Supreme Court takes in the U.S. The Supreme Court is “supposed to speak for what the country stands for, our basic values, our highest aspirations” (The Supreme Court: One Nation Under Law 0:02:51-0:03:02). Its role in the government is to do so, to speak not only for the people of the U.S. but also for ideals of the U.S. itself. It must do so in every case it rules on.One important aspect in the second video, Bill of Rights: Bill of Responsibility, is the question of when rights should be forfeited. In the dangerous world of today, “People are thinking more and more about giving up rights in order to gain safety” (Bill of Rights: Bill of Responsibility 0:15:16-0:15:22). There rises a dispute between “Citizens’ Rights versus Security” (Losco and Baker 66). As a people, Americans must decide what sacrifices they are willing to make to protect themselves, whether safety is more important than freedom.Part 3:One of the recurring themes I found in this class was that the U.S. government did not come together quickly or easily. It is still being formed. The government of today is very different to that of the early America. One example of this is found in the documentary The Supreme Court: One Nation Under Law, when speaking of the evolution of the Supreme Court, it used a simple phrase, “it didn’t start out that way”, which can describe the evolution of many aspects of government (The Supreme Court: One Nation Under Law 0:00:12-0:00:16).One lesson I learned in this class that hadn’t occurred to me before was that the word politics doesn’t just refer to elections. It is all around us. This idea is most apparent in the First Day of Class handout. A teacher tells his student, “my position as the teacher influenced you to do something you didn’t want to do…So we just saw a process of influence in this classroom that affected a group of people. That’s politics” (Wasserman 2). That was a very different definition of politics than I expected. I appreciated learning this definition at the beginning of the course, as it changed my perspective somewhat on politics.Another interesting fact I learned in this course was that it took years for all thirteen states to ratify the Constitution. This is discussed in the second chapter of the AM GOV textbook, saying,”Reluctant Rhode Island…became the last state to ratify the Constitution in 1790, after the new government was already up and running” (Losco and Baker 31). While I knew that the Constitution was not immediately ratified, and that there were disagreements about the addition of a Bill of Rights, it had not occurred to me that it would take a couple years for all states to have ratified it.Part 4:If I had to guess, I would say that Professor Gonzales would be ____ on the political spectrum.(176?)Part 5:I received an eight out of ten on the News IQ Quiz. I definitely think that after finishing this class I will pay more attention to news, especially that involving politics, as “Education is the strongest single predictor of political knowledge”, which leads to political participation (Losco and Baker 152). I now have a better understanding about America’s political system, which will help me to see the importance of political news in regards to my life. I, like most other Americans am, “able and willing to pay attention and to learn about government when…presented with a clear and steady stream of reliable information” (Losco and Baker 153). As is said in the AM GOV textbook, “political learning…reflects self-interest” (Losco and Baker 152). I must make watching the news and being well-informed a priority, and armed with easy access to numerous sources of political information, from television to radio to the internet, I can be an active, knowledgeable political participant.