Physical Education
Education through movement.
Goal of Physical Education
PE programs should include all 3 learning domains and students will be i the position for lifetime lifestyle fitness, and they will also have ability to succeed regardless of ability
Title IX
Allowing girls in sports.
Public Law 94-142
Equal Rights for Students with Disabilities
Need for Physical Education
-Fitness is emphasized-60% of pop. overweight-avg. elem.

student watches 25 hrs of tv /wk

Ideal age for motor skill development
Elementary age because slow growth is taking place.
Body Physiques
Somatotypes
Endomorph
soft, round, protruding abdomen
Mesomorph
muscular, strong-framed, team sports
Ectomorph
very thin, lean, small
5 Health Related Components of Physical Fitness
1. Cardiovascular Endurance2. Muscular Strength3. Muscular Endurance4. Flexibility5. Body Composition
5 Skill Related Components of Physical Fitness
1. Agility2.

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Balance3. Coordination4. Speed5. Power

Prescription for Fitness
IntensityFrequencyDuration
Why is the emphasis on health rather than skill?
-Everyone can succeed-Skill may depend on genetics-everyone can be healthy-Physical skills that can last a lifetime
Curriculum
The EndsWhere you are going
Instruction
The MeansHow you’re going to get there
Assessment
Measurement of results
7 Teaching Methods
1. Direct Instruction2. Task / Stations3. Mastery Learning4. Individualized5.

Cooperative Learning6. Inquiry7. Free Exploration

Lesson Plan Components
ObjectivesPreassessmentLearning Activities:- Revelation of objective- Graduated Sequence- Guided Practice and feedback- Ending Review / ClosureEvaluationDifferentiated InstructionMaterials needed
Why is pre-assessment important?
To assess prior knowledge and adjust lesson plan accordingly
Graduated Sequence for Skill
whole-part-whole
Graduated Sequence for Game
object-explanation-demonstration
4 components of lesson plan
– Revelation of objective- Graduated Sequence- Guided Practice and feedback- Ending Review / Closure
Developmental Levels
I – K-2ndII – 3rd-4thIII – 5th-6th
Locomotor Skills & example
Skills used to move body from one place to another or to project body upwardsex: run, walk, skip, jump, hop
Nonlocomotor skills & example
Skills performed w/o appreciative movement from place to placeex: bend, sway, turn, twist, stretch, push, pull
Manipulative skills
Handling an object, hand-eye/foot-eye coordination
4 Major Manipulative Skills w/ examples
Throwing – throw a footballCatching – catch a frisbeeKicking – kickballStriking – Tennis
5 Physical components of Body Management
1. Agility2. Balance3. Strength4. Flexibility5. Coordination
Examples of Apparatus
Climbing ropes, balance beam, scooters, benches, jumping boxes, mats
Least Restrictive Environment
determination of the best placement for a child with a disibility
IEP
Individualized Education Plan
Inclusion
Integration of disabled students with other students in the school.
Modifications for students lacking strength/endurance
tempo, weight, distance
Modifications for students lacking coordination
increase size of goal/target, stationary object
Modifications for students lacking balance/agility
increase width of beam, use spotters, crawl instead of walk
Sports Skills Instructional Sequence
-Skills-Rules of the Game-Lead-up Games-Actual Sport
Liability
obligation to do what’s required by law and is enforced in court
Tort
legal wrong that results in direct or indirect injury to another individual or property
en loco parentis
Assuming the legal duties of a parent
negligence
Forseeability, what courts expect you to forsee and prevent