allusion
a figure of speech that makes a reference or representation of or to a well-known person, place, event, literary work, myth, or work of art.

“a brief reference, explicit or indirect, to a person, place or event, or to another literary work or passage”.[1] It is left to the reader or hearer to make the connection (Fowler); an overt allusion is a misnomer for what is simply a reference. An Allusion is an incidental mention of something, either directly or by implication.In a freer informal definition allusion is a passing or casual reference; an incidental mention of something, either directly or by implication.

ambiguity
where a word, term, notation, sign, symbol, phrase, sentence, or any other form used for communication, is called ambiguous if it can be interpreted in more than one way.
dialogue
a reciprocal conversation between two or more entities
diction
refers to the writer’s or the speaker’s distinctive vocabulary choices and style of expression
figurative language
words in figurative expressions connote additional layers of meaningFigurative language or speech contains images
imagery
descriptive language that evokes sensory experience
stream of conciousness
seeks to portray an individual’s point of view by giving the written equivalent of the character’s thought processes, either in a loose interior monologue, or in connection to his or her actions
parody
a work created to mock, comment on, or poke fun at an original work, its subject, or author, by means of humorous or satiric imitation
literal language
words in literal expressions denote what they mean according to common or dictionary usage
juxtaposition
when the author places two themes, characters, phrases, words, or situations together for the purpose of comparison, contrast, or rhetoric.

allegory
a figurative mode of representation conveying a meaning other than the literalAesop – fablesE.A. Poe – Masque of Red DeathC.S. Lewis – The Chronicles of Narnia