social learning theory
learning through observation of othersAssociated with Bandura
social cognitive theory
adds concerns with cognitive factors such as beliefs, self-perceptions and expectation to social learning theory
enactive learning
in social cognitive theory, learning by doing and experiencing the consequences of your actions
vicarious learning
in social cognitive theory, learning by observing others
four elements of observational learning
attentionretentionproductionmotivation and reinforcement
Jerome Bruner
Discovery learning
discovery learning
encourages students to try things and discover how knowledge is constructed.
John Dewey
Viewed problem solving according to the scientific method as the proper way to think and most effective way to teach. Schools should teach learners how to solve problems and interact with his or her environment.

Associated with Cooperative Learning

Piaget’s Stages of Cognitive Development
Sensorimotor – 0-2 yearsPreoperational – 2-7 years (before mastering logical mental operations)Concrete operational – 7-11 years – mental tasks tied to concrete objectsFormal Operational – 11-adult – abstract thinking and coordination of variables
Leo Vygotsky
importance of CULTURE, it dictates what we learn and how.central role of language – made possible because of our culture3stages of speech – social speech, egocentric speech, inner speechzone of proximal development – discrepancy between a child’s mental age and the level of problem solving he can do with assistance
knowledge is constructed by the individual through his interactions with his environment
the influence of previously learned information on new situations or tasks (can be positive or negative)
3 elements – developing a plan of action, maintaining/monitoring the plan, evaluating a plan. “Learning how to learn”
internal representation of the world, organization of concepts and actions that can be revised by new information about the world.
bloom’s taxonomy
knowledge, understanding, application, analysis, synthesis, evaluation