Propaganda and Public Opinion Final1. National socialism was one of the mostunique movements in human history.
Why did it attract so many of the nationalelites — artists, university professors, scientists, and filmmakers —to itsbanner? Please explain how the Nazis were able to spread their message and gainacceptance in one of the most cultured and scientifically advanced societies inthe world.Federic Spott’s “Hitler and the Power of Aesthetics” book inaddition to the “The Triumph of the Will” film both approach Hitler from acompletely different perspective. Instead of the plain dictator we’ve learnedabout in the past, we see the portrait of an artistic and cultured dictatorthat was much more complex than most of us would imagine.
Both the book and thefilm detail the traits Hitler held that made him quite favorable to many inGermany at the time. For starters, he was an extremely powerful and effectivepublic speaker. When viewing the film you can tell the preparation and a greatdeal of effort he put in to ensure his speeches were well put together, andalmost perfectly delivered. You can hear the confidence and pride he held whilespeaking and his true belief in not only himself but also his cause. He knewhow to fire up the crowd, appeal to their beliefs and values, and overall sellthem on his vision for his newfound Germany. In addition, he was also previously an artist who was rathergood, although not particularly imaginative being the reason he never made itprofessionally. He also knew quite a bit in regards to architecture and wasactually quite skilled when it came to drawing up plans. He was also a hugelover of opera, in particular, Wagner.
Although Hitler was an extremely big appreciator of art andculture, he was very narrow-minded in regards to it, and only preferred certainkinds. He was not a fan of modern art in the slightest and rejected modernmusic as well. He preferred a more traditional and classic approach in regards toart and culture (Spotts, 2009). Something I feel really connected him with theGerman people.
Overall, I think it is apparent as to why Hitler was anattractive leader at the time. He was an unconventional artist that painted apicture of a new Germany he would create if given the opportunity. Anopportunity that he seized by running a well put together, well-rehearsed showthat was his Nazi party with him at the forefront.
2. Therise of Third World ideology followed the collapse of National Socialism. Whydid people in developing countries rise up and what media strategies did theyuse? Does this movement still have relevance today, both here in the US andglobally?Frantz Fanon’s “TheWretched of the Earth” discusses the complicated movement againstcolonialism. A crucial idea throughout the book is that decolonization is unfortunatelyalways a violent process that is held by and also challenged by violent force. Fanon was an advocate for violence to be used toregain control by the colonized to gain back their self-respect.
The colonizershave created a world that defines their superiority over the colonized, and toultimately liberate the oppressed the colonized must revolt. He explains thecomplexity of the process, and how even after the revolution is won there isstill much work to be done to create free states. He argues that when it comesto liberation, everyone has a part to play and finding that balance between allof them can often lead to power struggles and sometimes even reference back tocolonialism. (Fanon, 1961). Ihonestly had a very difficult time understanding this topic, as well as I’mstill slightly struggling to fully understand it so please bare with me here. Ithink in regards to today in this day and age the most relevant movement tothis topic I’ve seen in the past few years would be the black lives matter.Although I personally think all lives matter, as we spoke about in class itbrought the attention to a specific marginalized group of people that arefacing an oppressive situation. The police in a sense would play the part ofthe colonizers, and the blacks as the colonized.
The police feel superior andhave established a world that fits their ideology, and now with so many deathscaused by the police the blacks are finally taking a stance against to regainpower. The trouble with this though is you can’t destroy the police system,simply reform it in hopes there is a middle ground found which I don’t know isentirely possible. In addition, the blacks fighting back only make thesituation more escalated and violent. So in essence I think Fanon’s movementdoes still holds much relevance today and is just as complicated.
3. Themedia landscape is changing in dramatic ways. How has the shift to digitaltechnology change how content has been delivered, and perhaps change thecontent itself? If you were to advise a client, how would you suggest theyadjust to these changes?The shift to digital technology hasdefinitely changed the media landscape drastically. The world has pretty muchfully gone online, and many traditional media outlets are feeling the pressureto keep up or disappear due to the accessibility through our smart phones. In general, social media is dominating rightnow. We no longer have to wait to tune into an evening newscast to hear breakingstories. We can simply open up our phones and instantly Google it. Everythingis at our fingertips.
We can search pretty much any and all forms of news. Inaddition, social media platforms have made it so easy to live chat and connectwith each other on sites such as facebook, instragram, snapchat and more inreal time. The possibilities are plentiful and therefore allow the every dayperson to receive relevant information in real time. There are obviously cons that come withthis online world. The most important thing to note is the biased perspectiveyou’re creating without even realizing. Everything on our phones and computersare essentially tracked and saved to create this perceived forecast for theuser. The online controllers essentially weed out news and information theythink the user would deem unattractive to “enhance” the online experience.
Thismakes it so much easier for people to create a political and social opinionthat is perceived to be the majority but in actuality may not be. This type offilterization doesn’t allow an environment for discussion or debate, but ratherone of intolerance. In addition, fake news is becoming dangerously common. Newsthat is fragmented or bent creates ignorance and misunderstanding that canescalate differences and opposing views because there doesn’t seem to be amiddle ground for anyone to reach.
Overall,there are both pros and cons to the online shift. Technology and onlineplatforms allow for instant access to breaking news as well as connections tothose around you. Many people have optimized their use by making it theirbusiness to stay on top of the news and information in regards to news andinformation being easily accessible online. The controversial side of ithowever is the biased perspectives it can create due to the ownership by bigconglomerates as well as it’s tailored to match a certain forecast that theybelieve you’ll find appealing which in essence keeps a lot of usunintentionally very biased. I think it’s important to keep in mind for anyoneinvolved in the online world to tread lightly and cautiously.
Be mindful whenactive online, acknowledge the good and bad of media and try to always remain aresponsible user.ReferenceList Fanon,F., & FARRINGTON, C. (1969). The wretched of the earth ..
. Translatedby Constance Farrington.(Reprinted.). Harmondsworth: Penguin Books.
Powers,K. (2015). The silencing: how the left is killing free speech. Washington,D.C.: Regnery Riefenstahl,L.
(Director). (n.d.). Triumph of the will = Triumph desWillens Video file.Spotts,F. (2009).
Hitler and the power of aesthetics. Woodstock, NY: OverlookPress.