The Constitution of United States of America provides protection to women through many laws and amendments. For example, the nineteenth amendment states, “The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation. ” This amendment was proposed as a response to the women’s suffrage movement on 04 June, 1919, and was ratified on 18 August, 1920.
This law was used to overrule the judgement of the case of Minor v. Happersett, 88 U. S. 162 (1874). In this case, Virginia Minor challenged Reese Happersett for not allowing her to register to vote. She called it an infringement of her rights under the Fourteenth Amendment which broadened the definition of ‘citizenship’. Citizenship was previously denied to slaves. Under this amendment all people were equal under law and overrules the Dred Scott v.
Sandford (1857) law. Happersett, who was a Missouri state registrar, had stated that only male citizens were allowed to vote and this decision was upheld by the Supreme Court of Missouri. It said that the terms ‘citizenship’ and ‘eligibility to vote’ were not synonymous. This decision was overruled by the Nineteenth Amendment which conferred the right to vote even to female citizens. In the Muller v. Oregon, 208 U. S. 412 (1908) case,