Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalytic theory is a set of philosophical descriptions of human nature provided a radically new approach to the analysis and treatment of “abnormal” adult behavior. According to Freud, the human brain consists of 5 main mindsets: Conscious, Unconscious, Preconscious, Ego, Super-Ego. Basically the human brain can be divided into two main parts: The “conscious” mind and the “unconscious” mind. The primary goal of psychotherapy is to bring out unconscious material and make it conscious.

The Therapist engage in very little self disclosure and maintain a sense of neutrality to encourage a transference relationship. Psychoanalytic theory provided a new approach to psychotherapy, thus it provided new treatment techniques for psychological problems that previously puzzled doctors and others. While this type of therapy has many critics who claim that psychoanalytic therapy is too time consuming, expensive and generally ineffective, this treatment has several benefits as well.

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The therapist offers an empathetic and nonjudgmental environment where the client can feel safe in revealing feelings or actions that have led to stress or tension in his or her life. Oftentimes, simply sharing these burdens with another person can have a beneficial influence. A psychoanalyst can help you to get relief from painful emotional symptoms, to understand oneself as a unique individual, to achieve emotional freedom, improve your personal relationships, and gain greater control over your life.

In conclusion we can say that psychoanalysis is not a technique of psychotherapy in any conventional sense. Yet, it leads those who are willing to make the journey on a path towards greater responsibility for their own miseries and self-destructive behavior and on a path towards emancipation from their personal and social-cultural illusions. A General Introduction to Psychoanalysis or New Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis Some of Freud’s most interesting works are The Interpretation of Dreams.