Rivera (et al. , 2005) discusses the need for instrument validation across cultural groups in order to identify differences in symptoms among different cultural groups and remain sensitive to cultural diversity. Many researchers cited by Rivera (et al. 2005) have conflicting opinions on what the appropriate cut off point is for homogenous samples used in depression instruments. CDI suggests twelve to thirteen samples where as some researchers find twenty to be appropriate. This could be problematic in estimating the true value of the CDI.
The CDI, while found to be a good screening measure and a good indicator of self-reported distress in children” (Rivera, et al. p. 487, 2005); some researchers have found the CDI, as a screening measure, to be adequately sensitive and specific enough (2005). In comparison, the BDI, originally an adult assessment, has been implemented among the adolescent population. Research has shown that the BDI is highly effective with the adult population, however the CDI is the most used instrument in the childhood/adolescent population (Rivera, et al.
, 2005). In Rivera’s (et al. , 2005) study, a comparison of the CDI and BDI were tested among the Puerto Rican population. It was found that both were appropriate for this population at various cut-off points. This would indicate that both instruments are useful in identifying depression symptoms. More research is needed however on a larger more diverse population. The CDI has years of empirical evidence supporting its reliability to recognize depressive symptoms among the child population. If Rivera (et al.
, 2005) wants to prove BDI superior over CDI, she would have to test it among a more diverse population with ages ranging from seven to seventeen. Discussion The research provided in the paper has convinced the researcher of the importance of depression assessment for children; specifically the importance and reliability of the Children’s Depression Inventory. While there are other assessments available, the researcher did not find any as reliable as the CDI. The majority of clinicians implement the CDI when seeking to assess the occurrence of depressive symptoms of a child patient.
It is possible to use the BDI with adolescents however the researcher for this paper does not feel it is as reliable as the CDI; there is not enough empirical evidence to prove it. The research conducted for this paper did not reveal what type of assessment is appropriate for children under seven years of age; the CDI assessment is appropriate for children seven to eighteen years of age. In pediatric psychology, Children’s Depression Inventory is an essential instrument for the diagnosis of childhood depression. As research demonstrates, the CDI informs clinicians as to the next steps needed for treatment; should it be found necessary.
CDI is a trusted instrument used by clinicians and it has been formatted to other versions to be used by parents and teachers in order to understand a child’s particular symptoms and experiences in a variety of situations. Due to the overwhelming empirical evidence available, the researcher supports the use of CDI in the identification of children’s depressive disorder in children ages seven to seventeen. References Bhatia, S. and Bhatia, S. (2007). Childhood and Adolescent Depression.
American Family Physician. http://www. aafp. org/afp/20070101/73. html Carr, V. , A. J. and Boyd, C. P. Efficacy of Treatments for Depression in Children and Adolescents. Behaviour Change. Vol. 20, No. 2 2003 pp. 103–108. www. atypon-link. com/AAP/doi/pdf/10. 1375/bech. 20. 2. 103. 24842 Kovacs, M. (2004). Children’s Depression Inventory: Parent Version (CDI:P). Psychological Assessments Australia. www. psychassessments. com. au/products/22/prod22_report3. pdf Kovacs, M. (2004). Children’s Depression Inventory: Teachers Version (CDI:T). Psychological Assessments Australia. www. downloads. mhs. com/cdi/cdi-t-v5-profile. pdf Maruish, M. E. (2004). The Use of Psychological Testing for Treatment Planning and Outcomes Assessment.
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