Review
of literature

             The
aim of the study is to determine the relationship of Type A – Type B
Personality on work engagement and burnout. Earlier studies of the variables
chosen for the current study have been analyzed and presented.

Studies
on Personality (Type A – Type B), work engagement and burnout.

              
Study led by Lukasz Baka and Romuald Derbis (2012), examined the
‘relation of job stressors, job burnout and work engagement and the mediating
role of work family conflict and type A behavior pattern’. The aim was to study
if work family conflict and type A personality plays a role in job stressors,
job burnout and work engagement. The researchers keeping in mind the job
demands – resources model, presumed that job stressors could play a role in job
burnout and engagement through the work family conflict factor while type A
personality can regulate the result of job pressures on job burnout and
engagement. The sample taken for the study was 282 medical staff which included
physiotherapists, nurses and physicians. Findings proved their assumption.

          A
study conducted by UlrikaE.Hallberg, Gunn Johansson, and Wilmar B.Schaufeli
(2007) assessed the relationship of ‘Type A behavior and the work situations
with burnout and work engagement’. The research was conducted on 329 Swedish
information communication technology consultants. Results were obtained by a
hierarchical regression and proved that type A behavior and work situation was
related to work engagement and burnout. The main conclusions were that the
achievement factor of type A Personality was associated with work engagement
only and the eagerness or oversensitivity factor is related to burnout symptoms

             A
Study carried out byUlrika Eriksson Hallberg (2005)
examined work engagement, type A behavior and burnout. The thesis concentrated
on the interaction of work engagement and type A behavior on job burnout. The
Sample taken for the study was healthcare employees and information
communication technology professionals. The findings proved that the
accomplishment aspect of type A personality was linked with engagement, while
the irritability aspect was linked with lower levels of engagement and high
levels of burnout.

Studies
on Personality (Type A – Type B), and work engagement.

               Another study directed by Stephen A.
Woods and Juilitta A. Sofat (11-1-2013) on the topic ‘personality and
engagement at work; the regulating role of psychological meaningfulness’ tested
the link of personality variables of the big five model with engagement and the
role of optimistic psychological meaningfulness. The participants for the study
were 238 working adults (UK). They concluded that Conscientiousness has two
aspects that is orderliness and industriousness. Industriousness means how much
an individual is working hard and is interested, orderliness means whether the
person is organized or not. Results showed that orderliness and industriousness
are forecasters of engagement and both showed effects regulated by
psychological meaningfulness.

           A study carried out by Richardsen,
Astrid M. Burke,
Ronald J. Martinussen,
and Monica (2006) on ‘work and health outcomes and the intermediating role
of cynicism and engagement’ studied the link between type A behavior, job
demands and resources and cynicism and engagement. The study also focused on
the regulating role of cynicism and engagement in determining work – health
consequences. The sample used for the study was 150 police officers (Norway).
Questionnaires were distributed for data collection. Findings proved type A
personality was linked with engagement and cynicism.

              
A research done on, ‘Type A
Behavior, Its Prevalence and Consequences Among Women Nurses on October 1991 by Vishwanath V Baba and Muhammad Jawad Jamal
studied type A personality (occurrence as well as consequences) in nurses.
Eight metropolitan hospitals were selected for this in Canada. The sample size
was 1148 and questionnaires were distributed to them. Results proved that age
was the main variable that predicted the presence of type A behavior. And the
consequences these individuals faced were high levels of stress, too much work
load, and intentions to quit than individuals who were type B. Type A
individuals also showed good engagement and attendance.