He election of 1800 revolutionized all parts of the previous systems in American government. The “Revolution of 1800” was aptly named due to the changes in economic power, decisions concerning foreign policy between the US, France and England, politics and the government transfer from one political party to another, and the distinguishing of the powers of the Judicial Branch. The biggest Impact of the election of 1800 was the exchange of power between the Federalists and Democratic-Republicans. The phrase “The Bloodless Revolution” originated because It was a transfer of powers and politics without any loathed or revolts.
It was the first time this had ever happened peacefully and served as the ultimate proof that men can be entrusted with effectively governing themselves. The Democratic Ideal that once fueled the American Revolution finally exhibited Itself In a system which eliminated the need for revolutions In the first place. The continuation of Democratic-Republican control for multiple subsequent elections further exemplified the success of this more egalitarian system. This change of powers manifested itself in the economic expansion of the united States.
While the Federalists thought it more logical to reconcile their differences with Great Britain and become economic partners (not only did they speak English, their Ana was the strongest in the world and had a larger trading network), the ruling Democratic-Republicans wanted to open up trade with the French (the French were loyal to America during the Revolutionary War and were attempting to emerge as a democracy). This difference of opinions resulted largely from their ultimate goals. The Federalist party focused largely on the development of an industrial society, however, Democratic-Republicans desired to thrive as an agricultural society.
In the same way, Democratic-Republicans had a far more exclusive approach to foreign policy than their Federalist counterparts. Thomas Jefferson attempted to curb foreign influence through the Alien and Sedition Acts. This was heavily opposed by Federalists (and repealed immediately following the restoration of Federalist control). In addition, the Federalist party wanted to expand economically with the British while the new Democratic-Republican administration wanted to trade and establish a better relationship with the French due to their assistance during the American Revolution.
Finally, the Revolution of 1800 also brought about great changes In the role of the Judiciary Branch. Desperate to malignant Influence In the government following the election of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams appointed dozens of government officials under the Organic Act to succeed him In power, commonly known as the Midnight Appointments. However, when Thomas Jefferson refused to honor the commissions, William Mammary, an appointed justice, appealed to the Supreme Court Tort ten Issue AT a writ AT mandamus to compel secretary AT state, James Madison, to deliver the appointments.
This case, Mammary v. Madison, gave the Supreme Court the authority to review acts of Congress and determine whether they are unconstitutional, otherwise known as the power of Judicial Review. The election of 1800 was aptly named the Revolution of 1800 because it was indeed a revolution. It completely uprooted and changed the political system in the United States by exchanging the Federalist president for a Democratic-Republican, encouraging economic relations with the French, reshaping foreign policy between the US, France and England, and establishing the power of Judicial Review.