Shampooing and Conditioning and scalpmassageAmy Scott 30012847Barbering & Male GroomingLevel 5 Communications Project work Submission date 22nd ofNovember                       Background In this project it will tell youabout what shampoo and conditioner is and whys it used? And also the advantagesof shampoo and the disadvantages, and it will explain the different types ofshampoo and conditioner for different hair types it will also  Identifying contraindications, and tell youabout Massage techniques.

 1.0Terms ofreference StephenColbert a lecturer from the facully of business, social services and sports hasrequested for Amy Scott to write a report on shampooing, conditioning and scalpmassage. This is a requirement for communications and has to submitted by 22ndof November.  2.

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0 ProceduresInternet Hand outs 3.0 Findings 3.1 What isshampoo and whys it used?Shampoo is aliquid detergent, it is a hair care products and is used for the removal ofdirt, oil, skin particles, dandruff, pollutants and other contaminants thatbuild up in the hair.

Shampoo being a liquid detergent is convenient to use itin our daily life. Compared to powdered detergents liquid detergents dissolvemore rapidly, in cold particularly and they usually generate less dust andeasier to use. Aesthetic values of shampoo with respect to its appearance,fragrance, viscosity is important than any other liquid detergent. Developmentand maintenance of the product and also is performance and the aestheticproperty is always noted by the users. The additives in shampoos are active inother areas other than cleaning and foaming, they are also designed to provideperformances like hair luster, manageability and elimination of dandruff. Theconcentration is shampoo is about 8% as it requires shampoos to be mild to skinand low irritation to eyes. In shampoos salts like sodium, and alcohol ethersulphates are widely used as surfactants in shampoo. (https://waeshair.

wordpress.com/2012/11/01/203-contraindications-and-limitations/, 2017)3.2 Advantagesof shampoo!Shampoo keeps hair silky and smooth, The shampoo foam ispleasing, Keeps dirt, dust, oil and pollutants away, Shampoo is easy to rinse,There is minimum skin and eye irritation It gives a thick and creamy feelingPleasant fragrance is imparted Its less toxic It is biodegradable It isslightly acidic Causes less damage to hair.Repairs damaged hair (https://waeshair.

wordpress.com/2012/11/01/203-contraindications-and-limitations/, 2017)3.3 Disadvantagesof shampoo!Sodium laureate sulphate is commonly used in shampoos whichmay harm eyes and skin and may even be carcinogenic Use of ethylene oxide withsodium laureate sulphate may result in 1, 4-dioxane is said to be carcinogenic Continuousexposure to this can cause headache and vertigo and soreness in the eyes, nose,throat and lungs. There is an additional ether chain which is an inexpensivecleaning agent; it may result in severe scalp discomfort and also loss of hair.The nitrogen based SLES can be carcinogenic and can lead top irritability, skinrash and other allergic symptoms.

(https://waeshair.wordpress.com/2012/11/01/203-contraindications-and-limitations/, 2017)  3.4 What is conditioner?  Hair conditioner is a hair care product that changes the texture andappearance of hair. Hair conditioner is often a viscous liquid that is appliedand massaged into the hair. Hair conditioner is usually used after washing thehair with shampoo. Hair conditioners may contain moisturizers, oils andsunscreen, among other ingredients. (https://waeshair.

wordpress.com/2012/11/01/203-contraindications-and-limitations/, 2017) 3.5 Types of conditioner Pack conditioners are heavy and thick, with a high content of surfactantsthat are able to bind to the hair structure and “glue” the hairsurface scales together. These are usually applied to the hair for a longertime. The surfactants are based on long, straight aliphatic fatty acid chainssimilar to saturated fatty acids. Their molecules have a tendency tocrystallize easily, giving the conditioner higher viscosity, and they tend toform thicker layers on the hair surface.Leave-in conditioners are thinner and have different surfactants, whichadd only a little material to the hair. They are based on unsaturated fattyacid chains, which are bent, not straight.

This shape makes them less prone tocrystallizing, making a lighter, less viscous mixture and providing asignificantly thinner layer on the hair. The difference between pack andleave-in conditioners is similar to the difference between fats and oils, thelatter being less viscous. Leave-in conditioner is designedto be used in a similar way to hair oil, preventing the tangling of hairand keeping it smooth. Its use is particularly prevalent by those withnaturally curly or kinky hair.Ordinary conditioners combine some aspects of pack and leave-inconditioners.

Ordinary conditioners are generally applied directly after usingshampoo, and manufacturers usually produce a conditioner counterpart fordifferent types of shampoo for this purpose.Hold conditioners, based on cationic polyelectrolyte polymers, hold thehair in a desired shape. These have a function and composition similar todiluted hair gels. (https://waeshair.wordpress.com/2012/11/01/203-contraindications-and-limitations/, 2017) 3.6 Differenttypes of shampoo and conditioner for different hair types!Greasy hair,this deep-cleansing shampoo minimizes oil production, so your hair will becomeless oily over time. The lightweight conditioner nourishes hair whiledissolving excess oil.

Dry hair,Argan oil, found in Redken All Soft Shampoo and Conditioner, makes dry, coarsehair softer and silkier because it’s rich in fatty acids. Ultralightsunflower-seed oil, found in Aveda Dry Remedy Moisturizing Shampoo andConditioner, does the same for fine hair without weighing it down. Normal hair, Kerastase Nourishing Shampoo andConditioner for Normal to Slightly Dry Hair Duo is the perfect combination forhair that needs moisturising. Kerastase Nutritive Irisome Bain Satin 1 250ml isa shampoo that gently cleanses your hair, while also offering moisturising andconditioning propertiesDamagedhair, the upside of having fried ends and a head full of bleach? You get to useFekkai PrX Reparative Shampoo and Conditioner.

Intensely rich and creamy, theyrepair damage to the hair shaft and smell like dessert to boot. (https://waeshair.wordpress.com/2012/11/01/203-contraindications-and-limitations/, 2017)3.7 ContraindicationsWhat is acontra indication?A sign of acondition that could stop a service. An incompatibility to a product ortreatment; or an adverse reaction to the service.

Contra– challenging, opposingor adverse Indication–sign, signal or symptom as a part of the consultation youneed to make sure the client is fit for the treatment.3.8 Differenttypes of contraindications?Psoriasis isa skin condition that causes red, flaky, crusty patches of skin covered withsilvery scales. Thesepatches normally appear on your elbows, knees, scalp and lower back, but canappear anywhere on your body. Most people are only affected with small patches.

In some cases, the patches can be itchy or sore.Impetigo isa common and highly contagious skin infection that causes sores and blisters.It’s not usually serious and often improves within a week of treatment.There aretwo types of impetigo:Non-bullousimpetigo, which typically affects the skin around the nose and mouth, causingsores to develop that quickly burst to leave a yellow-brown crustbullousimpetigo, which typically affects the trunk (the central part of the bodybetween the waist and neck), causing fluid-filled blisters (bullae) to developthat burst after a few days to leave a yellow crustHead liceare tiny insects that live in human hair. They’re particularly common inchildren.

Head liceare whitish to grey-brown in colour, and smaller than the size of a pinheadwhen first hatched. When fully grown they’re about the size of a sesame seed.They can’tfly, jump or swim and are spread by head-to-head contact, climbing from thehair of an infected person to the hair of someone else.3.10 APPROPRIATEACTIONS TO BE TAKEN WHEN CONFRONTED WITH A                                                        SUSPECTED CONTA-INDICATIONS? Let theclient know if they have a contra indication.

Advise them to go see GP, Advisethem to treat it.3.11 MassagetechniquesROTARY MASSAGE:The method you will use most frequently because you do it every time youshampoo. Using the fingers and thumb in a circular or rotational movement. Forthis technique you apply gentle but firm pressure and can easily develop apattern of movement which will cover the hairline and scalp. Rotary massage issimilar to Petrissage.

You woulduse this technique for the shampoo process. (https://waeshair.wordpress.com/2012/11/01/203-contraindications-and-limitations/, 2017)EFFLEURAGE; Isa light or feathery form of stroke used to encourage venous and lymphaticreturn in Swedish massage techniques. It is generally used at the beginning orthe end of the massage session, they are 4 variations of this stroke they are etherealstrokes feathering, or nerve-stroking superficial effleurage deeper effleurage youemploy this technique when you apply treatments and conditionersPETRISSAGE; Isanother Swedish massage technique which applies pressure to the body. This isused to work the underlying muscles in a kneading action. The palm of thehands, the fingers and the thumbs are used in this slow and rhythmic movement.

The main techniques of petrissage are; Kneading Scissoring Knuckling. You woulduse this technique when massaging the temples, neck and shoulders. (https://waeshair.wordpress.com/2012/11/01/203-contraindications-and-limitations/, 2017)4.

0conclusionThis reportwas based on shampoo, conditioner and scalp massage, it is given the readers anidea of what to expect when going into a salon to get their hair washed afterthis report the readers (children, oaps, young adults and middle aged people)will look forward to having a trip to the salon after reading this article. 5.0Bibliography https://waeshair.wordpress.

com/2012/11/01/203-contraindications-and-limitations/ And hands out that I got from other lecturers.